Pacana, aka: Pācana; 6 Definition(s)


Pacana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pachana.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Pācana (पाचन, “digestive”) is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Gandhaśāstra (cosmetics and perfumery)

Pācana (पाचन, “ripening”).—One of the processes for manufacturing cosmetics and perfumes mentioned by Gaṅgādhara;—Pācana means ripening or decoction of materials after they have undergone the process of infusion (bhāvana). It is followed by bodha (reviving the scent).

(Source): Studies in India Cultural History: Indian Science of Cosmetics and Perfumery
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Gandhaśāstra (गन्धशास्त्र, gandha-shastra) deals with the ancient Indian science of cosmetics and perfumery. It explains how to process aromatic ingredients and manufecture them into cosmetics and perfumes. Such perfected scents are often used during the worship of deities.

In Buddhism


pacana : (nt.) cooking. || pācana (nt.) 1. driving; 2. a goad.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pacana, (nt.) (fr. pac, su pacati) cooking J̄ III, 425 (°thālikā); V, 385 (°bhājana); ThA. 29 (bhatta°); DA. I, 270; PvA. 135. (Page 382)

— or —

1) Pācana, 2 (nt.) (for pājana, cp. pāceti2 & SnA 147) a goad, stick S. I, 172; Sn. p. 13; V, 77; J. III, 281; IV, 310.

—yaṭṭhi driving stick, goad stick S. I, 115. (Page 449)

2) Pācana, 1 (nt.) (fr. pac, Caus. pāceti) bringing to boil, cooking J. I, 318 (yāgu°). Cp. pari°. (Page 449)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pacana (पचन).—n (S) Digestion, concoction in the stomach. 2 Cooking or dressing; maturing or ripening, lit. fig. pacanīṃ paḍaṇēṃ To agree with; to sit kindly on the stomach.

--- OR ---

pācana (पाचन).—n S An infusion or a decoction of several simples together. 2 Resolving of gastric crudities. One of the seven particulars of medical treatment. See saptōpacāra. 3 Cooking. 4 (For pacana) Gastric solution, digestion.

--- OR ---

pācana (पाचन).—a S Digestic, peptic. 2 Suppurative.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pacana (पचन).—n Digestion. Cooking; maturing or ripening. pacanīṃ paḍaṇēṃ To agree with.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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