Grasa, Grāsa: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Grasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Grāsa (ग्रास, “spots”):—One of the five ordinary defects (sādhāraṇa-doṣa) of the precious stones (ratna) according to rasaśāstra literature. This defect is referring to ‘black spots’. Grāsa is also know as Gharṣa according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit work on the subject of rasaśāstra, or medicinal alchemy).

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Grāsa:—The first phase of an alchemical process beginning with the measuring out (māna) of a given quantity (a “seed,” consisting of the calcinated ash, or the “essence,” sattva) of mica or a metal for its consumption (grāsa) by mercury.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Grāsa (ग्रास).—A fault in the utterance of a letter which makes it indistinct by being held up at the throat.Seeग्रस्त (grasta).

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Grāsa (ग्रास) refers to the “magnitude of the solar eclipse”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The magnitude of the solar eclipse [i.e., grāsa] is determined by means of the moon’s parallax (in latitude); the points (on the disc) of the commencement and termination of the eclipse are determined by means of both parallax and angles; the times of the commencement and termination of the eclipse by means of the time of new moon”.

Grāsa (Solar and Lunar eclipses) are of ten kinds [i.e., daśagrāsa]:—

  1. Savya,
  2. Apasavya,
  3. Leha,
  4. Grasana,
  5. Nirodha,
  6. Avamardana,
  7. Āroha,
  8. Āghrāta,
  9. Madhyatama,
  10. Tamontya.
Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Grāsa (ग्रास).—1. Measure of the eclipse. 2. Erosion by overlapping. 3. Common portion of two intersecting circles; the largest width thereof. Note: Grāsa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Grāsa (ग्रास):—1. One of the mercurial processes in which quantum of the material has to be decided supposed to digest 2. A kind of germ defect opacity

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Grāsa (ग्रास) refers to “mouthfuls” (of grass), according to sections on the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—[Treatment of bādhirya (deafness) and tridoṣajanya-roga (diseases manifested by three humors)]—In the management of bādhirya (deafness) and the afflictions or in diseases of tridoṣa origin, guggulu is to be administered along with grāsa (mouthfuls) of grass, etc.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Grāsa (ग्रास) [=grāsaka?] refers to “one who consumes” (the destruction of the three abodes), according to the Mahānayaprakāśa by Arṇasiṃha (Cf. verse 182-197).—Accordingly, “The pure Lord who consumes (grāsaka) the destruction of the three abodes (of emanation, persistence and destruction) and, limitless, attains the supreme (state) in a moment is said to be Khagendra”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Grāsa (ग्रास) refers to “refutation (of philosophical arguments)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.138.—Accordingly, “[...] [The latter argument] completely eradicates the very nature of the object of knowledge—that is to say, the external [object]—by showing that [this contradictory nature can] not exist. For the first refuting argument functions while completely disregarding the nature of the object of knowledge—[i.e.] whether it has parts or is devoid of parts, whether it is contradicted or not [by this or that particular property]—rather, [it functions] through a global refutation (sarva-grāsa [lit. ‘by devouring everything’]), thus: ‘[What is] distinct from the manifesting consciousness is not manifest’”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Grāsa (ग्रास) refers to “absorption”, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 7.233cd-236.— Accordingly, “[...] The Wheel in the form of the universe is manifest and illumines the cosmic condition. This radiant energy is universal destruction, it is the consuming fire of absorption (grāsa-ghasmara). The Sequence of Violent (absorption) with its many divisions is the most excellent. The Krama yogi who does this is beloved of the Yoginīs”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Grāsa.—(EI 11; LP), food; land granted for maintenance; cf. grāsa-lopana (LP), confiscation of the lands given for main- teanance; also cf. grāma-grāsa. Note: grāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

grāsa (ग्रास).—m (S) A mouthful. 2 Swallowing. 3 Eclipse.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

grāsa (ग्रास).—m A mouthful. Swallowing. Eclipse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grāsa (ग्रास).—[gras karmaṇi ghañ]

1) A mouthful, a quantity of anything equal to a mouthful; Manusmṛti 3.133;6.28; Y.3.55.

2) Food, nourishment; ग्रासाच्छादनमात्रं तु दद्या- दिति निदर्शनम् (grāsācchādanamātraṃ tu dadyā- diti nidarśanam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.165.63.

3) The part of the sun or the moon eclipsed.

4) The morsel bitten.

5) The act of swallowing.

6) Slurring, indistinct pronunciation; fault in a pronunciation of the gutturals.

7) (In geom.) A piece cut out by the intersection of two circles

8) An eclipse.

Derivable forms: grāsaḥ (ग्रासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāsa (ग्रास).—m.

(-saḥ) A mouthful or a quantity equivalent to a mouthfu!, a lump of rice, &c. of the size of a peacock’s egg. E. gras to eat, affix karmaṇi ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāsa (ग्रास).—i. e. gras + a, m. 1. A mouthful, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 133; a morsel, [Pañcatantra] 221, 21. 2. Food, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 339. 3. Swallowing, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāsa (ग्रास).—[adjective] swallowing (—°); [masculine] mouthful, lump, bit, piece, food; eating, devouring, eclipse (cf. graha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grāsa (ग्रास):—[from gras] a mfn. ifc. swallowing, [Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad ii, 5, 10]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a mouthful, lump (of rice etc. of the size of a peacock’s egg), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] food, nourishment, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Pāṇini 8-2, 44], [vArttika] 4, [Manu-smṛti viii etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the quantity eclipsed, amount of obscuration, [Sūryasiddhānta]

5) [v.s. ...] (in [geometry]) a piece cut out by the intersection of 2 circles, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] the erosion, morsel bitten, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] = grasti, [Bhartṛhari ii, 22; Subhāṣitāvali]

8) [v.s. ...] the act of eclipsing, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā v]

9) [v.s. ...] an eclipse, [Sūryasiddhānta]

10) [v.s. ...] the first contact with an eclipsed disk, [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] slurring, inarticulate pronunciation of the gutturals, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya xiv, 4.]

12) b etc. See √gras.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grasa (ग्रस):—(u, ṅa) grasate 1. d. To eat, to swallow, to devour. (ki) grasati, grāsayati 10. a. To take or seize.

2) Grāsa (ग्रास):—(saḥ) 1. m. A mouthful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Grāsa (ग्रास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gāsa, Ghāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Grāsa (ग्रास) [Also spelled gras]:—(nm) a morsel; victim; eclipsed part (of Sun or Moon).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Grāsa (ಗ್ರಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the act of swallowing something (as food).

2) [noun] that much quantity of food which can be held in the palm (for eating).

3) [noun] food (in gen.).

4) [noun] (collectively) food articles as grain, spices, corn, oil, etc.

5) [noun] the eclipsed portion of the sun or moon.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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