Purvajanman, Pūrvajanman, Purva-janman: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Purvajanman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Purvajanman in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्) refers to “one’s previous life”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(A true practitioner) is a hero (vīra) who exerts himself and is courageous. [...] He is always content and is loved by the Yoginīs. He is free of attachment, aversion and ego. He is loved by his (spiritual) clan. He is wise and he observes the Rules. He is the joy of those who are devoted to him and always does what he promises to do. He who has these characteristics is an accomplished soul (siddha) (already) in his previous life [i.e., pūrvajanman]. Otherwise he is not a Siddha and his tradition is not Kaula”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purvajanman in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्) refers to “previous existences”, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “there are three kinds of honors (pūjā): i) One is respected (satkṛta) by people as a result of merit (puṇya) acquired in the course of previous existences (pūrvajanman); ii) One is respected by people as a result of qualities (guṇa) of which one has given evidence in the present lifetime (ihajanman) in practicing morality (śīla), rapture (dhyāna) and wisdom (prajñā); iii) By falsehood (mṛṣā) and deception (vipralambha) one can have no virtue inwardly and outwardly seem quite white: one wins honors by deceiving one’s contemporaries”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvajanman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्).—n. a former birth. (-m.) an elder brother; स लक्ष्मणं लक्ष्मणपूर्वजन्मा (sa lakṣmaṇaṃ lakṣmaṇapūrvajanmā) (vilokya) R.14.44.;15.95.

Pūrvajanman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and janman (जन्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्).—I. n. a former existence. Ii. m. an elder brother. Brahmajanman, i. e.

Pūrvajanman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and janman (जन्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्).—1. [neuter] a former birth of life.

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Pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्).—2. [masculine] the elder brother.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्):—[=pūrva-janman] [from pūrva] n. a former birth, f° state of existence or life, [Raghuvaṃśa; Hitopadeśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] m. an elder brother, [Raghuvaṃśa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Purvajanman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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