Purvahna, Pūrvāhṇa, Pūrvahṇa, Purva-ahna, Pūrvāhna: 13 definitions


Purvahna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Pūrvāhna (पूर्वाह्न) refers to:—Morning. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: archive.org: History of Dharmasastra (Vol II Part I)

Pūrvahṇa (पूर्वह्ण) refers to the period before noon.—From very ancient times there were several ways of dividing the day. Sometimes the word ‘aha [ahaḥahan]’ is distinguished from night and sometimes it stands for the period from sunrise to sunrise (and includes day and night). For example, in Rig. VI.9.1 we have the dark day (i.e. night) and the bright day (i.e. the period when there is light). This part (viz. the period of sunlight) is divided some times into two parts viz. pūrvahṇa (period before noon) and aparāhṇa (the time after noon).—(Cf. Ṛgveda. X.34.11, Manusmṛti III.278.)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Pūrvāhṇa (पूर्वाह्ण) refers to the “forenoon”, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Accordingly, while describing the sympyoms of Hemamaṇḍalī: “Dryness of tongue, a strange sensation, discolourisation, stomach ache, jaundiced yellow eyes and headache. In the forenoon (pūrvāhṇa), the victim is characterised by vomiting, disinterestedness and thirst. Cold, trembling of limbs and lethargy torment him at other times”.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pūrvāhṇa (पूर्वाह्ण) refers to the “morning”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those objects having a pleasant form, which are seen in the morning (pūrvāhṇa) and not at midday, vanish for the embodied souls in this world”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrvāhṇa (पूर्वाह्ण).—the earlier part of the day, forenoon; Manusmṛti 4. 96,152. श्वः कार्यमद्य कुर्वीत पूर्वाह्णे चापराह्णिकम् (śvaḥ kāryamadya kurvīta pūrvāhṇe cāparāhṇikam) (pūrvāhṇatana, pūrvā- hṇikaḥ, pūrvāhṇetana a. relating to the forenoon).

Derivable forms: pūrvāhṇaḥ (पूर्वाह्णः).

Pūrvāhṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and ahṇa (अह्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvāhṇa (पूर्वाह्ण) or Pūrvvāhṇa.—m.

(-hṇaḥ) The first part of the day, the forenoon. E. pūrva first, and ahan day.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvāhṇa (पूर्वाह्ण).—i. e. pūrva-ahan + a, m. The forenoon, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 96.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvāhṇa (पूर्वाह्ण).—[masculine] forenoon (lit. earlier day); [locative] early in the morning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvāhṇa (पूर्वाह्ण):—[from pūrva] m. the earlier part of the day, forenoon (mostly [locative case]; sometimes incorrectly pūrvāhna), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvāhna (पूर्वाह्न):—[pūrvā+hna] (hnaḥ) 1. m. Forenoon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purvahna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pūrvāhṇa (ಪೂರ್ವಾಹ್ಣ):—[noun] the part of the day before noon; the fore-noon.

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Pūrvāhna (ಪೂರ್ವಾಹ್ನ):—[noun] = ಪೂರ್ವಾಹ್ಣ [purvahna].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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