Purvadvara, Pūrvadvāra, Purva-dvara: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Purvadvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purvadvara in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pūrvadvāra (पूर्वद्वार) refers to the “eastern gate”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “[...] The spell-master should perform oblations at the eastern gate (pūrvadvāra). One should offer oleander wood, mustard seed, mixed with marine salt 108 times. After the 108 fire oblations have been completed, all Nāgas send down rain showers. They all send down rain showers in Jambudvīpa, all around in the four directions. All of them become zealous. All Nāgas rejoice”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Pūrvadvāra (पूर्वद्वार) refers to the “eastern gate”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while describing the earth-circle (medinīcakra)]: “[...] (1) Brahmāṇī, (2) Māheśvarī, (3) Kaumārī, and (4) Vaiṣṇavī are to be known at the east, north, west, and south gates [e.g., pūrvadvāra], [respectively]. Then, (5) Vārāhī, (6) Indrī, (7) Caṇḍī, and (8) Mahālakṣmī are at the [four] corners. Forms and marks [of these yoginīs] at the [four] gates are known to be like Ḍākinī and so on. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvadvara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrvadvāra (पूर्वद्वार).—n (S) The east or front gate or door (of a town, palace, house). 2 A cant term for the mouth: opp. to paścimadvāra The anus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvadvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrvadvāra (पूर्वद्वार).—a. favourable in the eastern region.

Pūrvadvāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and dvāra (द्वार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvadvāra (पूर्वद्वार):—[=pūrva-dvāra] [from pūrva] mfn. favourable in the eastern region, [Sūryaprajñapti]

[Sanskrit to German]

Purvadvara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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