Purusha-sukta, Puruṣasūkta, Purushasukta: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Purusha-sukta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Puruṣasūkta can be transliterated into English as Purusasukta or Purushasukta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Purusha-sukta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त) is the name of a mantra that is chanted during Dhārāpūjā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“ after performing the regular worship of Śiva, with great devotion in accordance with prescribed rules, the devotees shall pour water in a continuous stream (jaladhārā). This Dhārā worship [viz., Dhārāpūjā] is very efficacious in delirium due to fever (jvarapralāpa). At that time [...] Puruṣasūkta, [... etc.,] shall be repeated. The Dhārā worship [viz., Dhārāpūjā] is very excellent in regard to flourishing series of pleasures. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त).—Brahmā praised Hari by this;1 to be uttered while installing a new image.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 43. 12.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 265. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Purusha-sukta in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त) refers to “a hymn from the Ṛg-Veda glorifying the Supersoul”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त) refers to:—A famous hymn chanted by the demigods to worship lord Viṣṇu. this hymn is chanted during the bathing of the lord on days like gaurapūrṇimā, Janmāṣṭamī, etc., and during the bathing of śālagrāma-śilā. pūrvāhna–morning. puṣpa–flower. (cf. Glossary page from Arcana-dīpikā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purusha-sukta in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Buddhist Library: Avatamsaka Sutra

Purusha sukta is hymn of the Rigveda (10.90), dedicated to the Purusha, the "Cosmic Being".

The Purusha sukta gives a description of the spiritual unity of the universe. It presents the nature of Purusha or the cosmic being as both immanent in the manifested world and yet transcendent to it. From this being, the sukta holds, the original creative will (ldentified with Viswakarma, Hiranyagarbha or Prajapati) proceeds which causes the projection of the universe in space and time. The Purusha sukta, in the seventh verse, hints at the organic connectedness of the various classes of society.

The Vedantins take the Purusha sukta to allegorize the principles of (upasana), knowledge (jnana), devotion (bhakti), and rituals and duties (dharma and karma). The sukta gives an expression to immanence of radical unity in diversity and is therefore, seen as the foundation of the Vaishnava thought, Bhedabheda school of philosophy and Bhagavata theology.

The concept of the Purusha is from the Samkhya Philosophy which is traced to the Indus Valley period. It seems to be an interpolation into the Rig veda since it is out of character with the other hymns dedicated to nature gods.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purusha-sukta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त).—Name of the 9th hymn of the 1th Maṇḍala of the Ṛigveda (regarded as a very sacred hymn).

Derivable forms: puruṣasūktam (पुरुषसूक्तम्).

Puruṣasūkta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms puruṣa and sūkta (सूक्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त).—n.

(-ktaṃ) A name given to the 90th hymn of the tenth mandala of the Rigveda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—vaid. Oxf. 398^a. Paris. (B 227 Xxi). B. 1, 16 (and—[commentary]). Oudh. X, 2. Xvi, 16. Xviii, 2. Xix, 10. Bhr. 8 (and—[commentary]). Taylor. 1, 46. 68. 274. 427. Oppert. Ii, 3379. Peters. 3, 385 (and—[commentary]).
—[commentary] Bhk. 5. Oppert. 5579. 6382. Peters. 2, 175 (Kātīya). 185. Bp. 284.
—[commentary] Bhāṣyaṭīkā. Oppert. Ii, 2494.
—[commentary] by Kalyāṇajī. NW. 8.
—[commentary] by Dattātreyadigambarānucara. K. 2.
—[commentary] by Mahīdhara, from his
—[commentary] on the Vājasaneyisaṃhitā. Io. 2416.
—[commentary] by Rāghavendra Yati. Oudh. 1877, 2.
—[commentary] by Varadarāja. Oppert. 83. 1008. 1365. 5092. Ii, 4066.
—[commentary] by Sāyaṇa. Np. Ii, 4.

2) Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त):—vaid. Cs. 42 (Vs.). Oudh. Xx, 2. Xxi, 6. 14. Peters. 4, 3.
—[commentary] Hz. 377.
—[commentary] by Mahīdhara. Peters. 4, 3.
—[commentary] by Sāyaṇa. Peters. 4, 3.

3) Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त):—Ak 31. C. Peters. 6, 32.
—Ṛv. C. by Sāyaṇa. Hz. 1551.

4) Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त):—Vs. As p. 108. L.. 44-46. C. by Mahīdhara. As p. 108.
—Taittirīyāraṇyaka. C. [anonymous] L.. 79.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣasūkta (पुरुषसूक्त):—[=puruṣa-sūkta] [from puruṣa] n. ‘the Puruṣa hymn’, Name of [Ṛg-veda x, 90] (describing the Supreme Soul of the universe and supposed to be comparatively modern), [Religious Thought and Life in India 17; 23 etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Purusha-sukta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purusha-sukta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Puruṣasūkta (ಪುರುಷಸೂಕ್ತ):—[noun] a hymn in the Řgvēda praising the supremacy of Viṣṇu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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