Shukta, aka: Sūkta, Śukta, Sukta; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shukta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śukta can be transliterated into English as Sukta or Shukta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Fermented liquors known as the Shukta (treacle, honey, fermented rice gruel, and curd cream kept in a new and clean vessel underneath a bushel of paddy for three consecutive days) bring on an attack of hæmoptysis. They disintegrate the lumps or knots of accumulated Kapham, are digestant and prove curative in jaundice and diseases due to the derangement of Kapham. They are light and vermifugenous, and strong and heat making in their potency. They act as diuretic, are pleasant, and pungent in digestion. Bulbs and roots pickled in Shukta acquire the properties of the latter.

Of the Shuktas prepared with treacle, juice of sugar-cane, or honey, each preceding one should be deemed heavier and as giving rise to greater secretions of internal organs than the one immediately following it in the order of enumeration.

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Śukta (शुक्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to “that which has been very much soured by the contact of the juice of other things”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.211)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Purana

Śukta (शुक्त).—Heat making rays of the sun.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 22.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Sūkta (सूक्त) refers to one of the three principle styles found in Sanskrit literature.—Sūktas are the hymns of the Vedas, these are poetic compositions set to various different metres, some are comprehensible while others are cryptic and need interpretation.

(Source): Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis
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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Śukta (शुक्त)—Sanskrit word corresponding to “sour”, “astringent”, “putrid”,foul”,stinking” “bitterness”, “sour liquid” oracid beverage”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

sūkta (सूक्त).—a (S su & ukta) Well-spoken or said: also well, good, right, commendable;--used of a matter in general whether spoken or done. See observation under suktāsukta.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sūkta (सूक्त).—a Well-spoken or said. Well, right, commendable.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śukta (शुक्त).—p. p. [śuc-kta]

1) Bright, pure, clean; बलिषष्ठेन शुक्तेन दण्डेनाथापराधिनाम् (baliṣaṣṭhena śuktena daṇḍenāthāparādhinām) Mb.12.71.1.

2) Acid, sour; स्त्रीक्षीरं चैव वर्ज्यानि सर्वशुक्तानि चैव हि (strīkṣīraṃ caiva varjyāni sarvaśuktāni caiva hi) Ms.5.9;2.177.

3) Harsh, rough, hard, severe.

4) United, joined.

5) Deserted, lonely.

-ktam 1 Flesh.

2) Sour gruel.

3) A kind of acid liquid.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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