Prathama, Prathamā: 17 definitions
Prathama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Pratham.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Prathamā (प्रथमा):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Prathamā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Prathama (प्रथम).—An Asura residing in Sutalam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 20.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Śikṣā
Prathama (प्रथम, “the first”) is the name of a note (svara) used by singers of the sāmas (religious songs from Sāmaveda), corresponding to the madhyama-svara of the flute, according to the Nāradīyā-śīkṣā 1.5.1. The Nāradīyā-śīkṣā is an ancient Sanskrit treatise dealing phonetics and musicology. Its proclaimed author is the Nārada.
Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Prathama (प्रथम).—Lit, premier, first; the word is used in connection with the personal affixes तिप्, तस्, झि (tip, tas, jhi) (अन्ति (anti)) of verbal forms. See the word पुरुष (puruṣa) above; cf. अस्तिर्भवन्तीपरः प्रथमपुरुषः अप्रयु-ज्यमानोप्यस्तीति । वृक्षः प्लक्षः। (astirbhavantīparaḥ prathamapuruṣaḥ aprayu-jyamānopyastīti | vṛkṣaḥ plakṣaḥ|) M. Bh. on P. II. 3.1 and 4. The word प्रथम (prathama) is used in the Pratisakhya works in the sense of the first consonants of the five vargas or groups of consonants; cf. प्रथमैर्द्विती-यास्तृतीयैश्चतुर्थाः (prathamairdvitī-yāstṛtīyaiścaturthāḥ) V. Pr. IV. 110 cf. प्रथमतृतीयादीनामादेशादित्वादेत्वाभावः (prathamatṛtīyādīnāmādeśāditvādetvābhāvaḥ), M.Bh. on P. VI. 4.120 Vart 3, also cf. Katantra I. 4.1 and Hem. I. 3.35. The word is also used (in the feminine gender) in the sense of the case affixes सु (su) (स् (s)), औ, जस् (au, jas) (अस् (as)) of the nominative case. The word is also used in the sense of the premier accent उदात्त (udātta) (acute); cf. प्रथमभाविनः उदात्तभाविनः (prathamabhāvinaḥ udāttabhāvinaḥ) Uvvata on R. Pr. III. 8.
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Prathamā (प्रथमा).—The nominative case; case affixes of the nominative case. cf. प्रातिपदिकार्थलिङ्गपरिमाणवचनमात्रे प्रथमा (prātipadikārthaliṅgaparimāṇavacanamātre prathamā) P.II. 3.46.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Prathama (प्रथम) or Pratipat refers to one of the various “lunar days” (tithi):—There are approximately 29.5 lunar days in a lunar month. The first fifteen days begin with the first phase of the waxing moon (pratipat) and end with the full moon (pūrṇimā). [...] In accordance with the lunar day, one would utter, [for example, pratipat-tithau].
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Prathama.—(EI 21), prefixed to Kāyastha and Kulika to indi- cate representatives of certain classes as members of an adminis- trative board of the Pañcāyat type. Note: prathama is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
prathama (प्रथम).—a (S) First, prior, initial, chief, principal (whether of time or of space). 2 Used as ad First; in the first place.
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prathamā (प्रथमा).—f (S) The nominative case. 2 The vocative case. 3 The first person of a tense.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
prathama (प्रथम).—a First, principal. ad First; in the first place.
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prathamā (प्रथमा).—f The nominative case.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Prathama (प्रथम).—[prath-amac] (Nom. pl. m. prathame or prathamāḥ)
1) First, foremost; मखांशभाजां प्रथमो मनीषिभिस्त्वमेव देवेन्द्र सदा निगद्यसे (makhāṃśabhājāṃ prathamo manīṣibhistvameva devendra sadā nigadyase) R.3.44; H.2.39; Ki.2.44.
2) First, chief, principal, most excellent or eminent, matchless, incomparable; Śi.15.42; एष वै प्रथमः कल्पः प्रदाने हव्यकव्ययोः (eṣa vai prathamaḥ kalpaḥ pradāne havyakavyayoḥ) Ms.3.147.
3) Earliest, most ancient, primary.
4) Prior, previous, former, earlier; प्रथमसुकृता- पेक्षया (prathamasukṛtā- pekṣayā) Me.17; नामधेयं गुरुश्चक्रे जगत्प्रथममङ्गलम् (nāmadheyaṃ guruścakre jagatprathamamaṅgalam) R.1.67.
5) (In gram.) The first person (= third person according to European phraseology).
-maḥ 1 The first (third) person.
2) The first consonant of a class.
3) (In math.) The sum of the products divided by the difference between the squares of the cosine of the azimuth and the sine of the amplitude.
-mā The nominative case.
1) first, firstly, at first; उमास्तनो- द्भेदमनुप्रवृद्धो मनोरथो यः प्रथमं बभूव (umāstano- dbhedamanupravṛddho manoratho yaḥ prathamaṃ babhūva) Ku.7.24; R.3.4.
2) Already, previously, formerly; प्रथमोदितम् (prathamoditam) aforesaid; तमभ्यनन्दत् प्रथमं प्रबोधितः प्रजेश्वरः शासनहारिणा हरेः (tamabhyanandat prathamaṃ prabodhitaḥ prajeśvaraḥ śāsanahāriṇā hareḥ) R.3.68.
3) At once, immediately.
4) Before; यात्रायै चोदयामास तं शक्तेः प्रथमं शरत् (yātrāyai codayāmāsa taṃ śakteḥ prathamaṃ śarat) R.4.24; उत्तिष्ठेत् प्रथमं चास्य चरमं चैव संविशेत् (uttiṣṭhet prathamaṃ cāsya caramaṃ caiva saṃviśet) Ms.2.194.
5) Newly, recently, प्रथमम्-अनन्तरम् (prathamam-anantaram) or ततः (tataḥ) or पश्चात् (paścāt) first, afterwards; प्रथमात् (prathamāt) firstly, for the first time; प्रथमतः (prathamataḥ)
1) At first, firstly.
4) before, in preference to (gen.)
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Prathama (प्रथम).—See under प्रथ् (prath).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. First, prior, initial. 2. Chief, principal, incomparable. 3. The “third person” (in gram.) according to European System. The nominative Plu. M. of this word is either prathame or prathamā E. prath to be famous, amac Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Prathama (प्रथम).—[pra + tha + ma], I. ordinal number, f. mā. 1. First, [Hitopadeśa] 77, 1, M.M.; prior, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 14, 6. 2. Chief, excellent, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 99, 23. Ii. mam, adv. 1. First, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 132. 2. Previously, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 58.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Prathama (प्रथम).—[adjective] first, primal, foremost, earliest, principal, best, chief. °— & [neuter] first, before ([neuter] as [preposition] [with] [genetive]), for the first time, just, now, immediately; often also adj. pro [adverb]
— [masculine] the first (third) person; [feminine] ā the first or nominative case and its endings.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Prathama (प्रथम):—mf(ā)n. (for pra-tama, [superlative degree] of 1. pra; rarely declined as a [pronoun] e.g. masyāḥ, [Atharva-veda vi, 18, 1]; me, [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa xxv, 18, 5; Rāmāyaṇa iv, 37, 11; Kirātārjunīya ii, 44]; cf. [Pāṇini 1-1, 33]) foremost, first (in time or in a series or in rank)
2) earliest, primary, original, prior, former
3) preceding, initial, chief, principal, most excellent, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
4) often translatable adverbially = [in the beginning of a compound] (cf. below) and (am ind.) firstly, at first, for the first time
5) just, newly, at once, forthwith (also āt, [Harivaṃśa])
6) formerly, previously (am also as [preposition] with [genitive case] = before, e.g. [Manu-smṛti ii, 194]; prathamam-anantaram or paścāt, first—afterwards; prathamam-tatas, first—next)
7) m. (in gram., [scilicet] varṇa), the first consonant of a Varga, a surd unaspirate letter
8) ([scilicet] puruṣa), the first (= our 3rd) person or its terminations
9) ([scilicet] svara), the first tone
10) in [mathematics] the sum of the products divided by the difference between the squares of the cosine of the azimuth and the sine of the amplitude
11) Prathamā (प्रथमा):—[from prathama] f. (in gram.) the first or nominative case and its terminations
12) [v.s. ...] [dual number] the first two cases and their terminations.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Prathama (प्रथम):—[(maḥ-mā-maṃ) a.] First, chief.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Prathama (प्रथम):—Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) der vorderste , erste in einer Reihe. — b) der erste , früheste , frühere , anfänglich. Oft durch ein Adv. wie erst , zuerst , früher , zum ersten Mal ; eben , alsbald , sogleich , baldigst wiederzugeben. — c) der erste. so v.a. trefflichste , namhafteste , vorzüglichste , unvergleichlich , Haupt. Auch Compar. prathamatara. —
2) prathamam und prathama Adv. zuerst , am frühesten , vor Allem ; zum ersten Mal ; eben , alsbald , sogleich ; früher ehemals , vormals , vorhin mit Gen. vor — , früher als. Compar. prathamataram und prathamatara zuerst [Harṣacarita 130,2.Kāraṇḍavyūha 58,14.63,24.75,5.96,7.] —
3) prathamāt Adv. alsbald , sogleich. —
4) m. — a) der erste Consonant eines Varga , eine dumpfe Tenuis. — b) die erste (d.b. unsere dritte) Person , die Personalendungen der ersten Person. — c) der erste Ton. — d) the sum of the products divided by the difference between the squares of the cosine of the azimuth and the sine of the amplitude. —
5) f. prathamā der erste Casus , die Endung des ersten Casus ; Du. die beiden ersten Casus , die Endungen der b. e. C. —
6) n. Sg. collect. die Ersten.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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