Prathama, aka: Prathamā; 9 Definition(s)


Prathama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Prathama in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prathamā (प्रथमा):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Prathamā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Prathama in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prathama (प्रथम).—An Asura residing in Sutalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 20.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Prathama in Shiksha glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prathama (प्रथम, “the first”) is the name of a note (svara) used by singers of the sāmas (religious songs from Sāmaveda), corresponding to the madhyama-svara of the flute, according to the Nāradīyā-śīkṣā 1.5.1. The Nāradīyā-śīkṣā is an ancient Sanskrit treatise dealing phonetics and musicology. Its proclaimed author is the Nārada.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Śikṣā
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Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Prathama in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prathama (प्रथम).—Lit, premier, first; the word is used in connection with the personal affixes तिप्, तस्, झि (tip, tas, jhi) (अन्ति (anti)) of verbal forms. See the word पुरुष (puruṣa) above; cf. अस्तिर्भवन्तीपरः प्रथमपुरुषः अप्रयु-ज्यमानोप्यस्तीति । वृक्षः प्लक्षः। (astirbhavantīparaḥ prathamapuruṣaḥ aprayu-jyamānopyastīti | vṛkṣaḥ plakṣaḥ|) M. Bh. on P. II. 3.1 and 4. The word प्रथम (prathama) is used in the Pratisakhya works in the sense of the first consonants of the five vargas or groups of consonants; cf. प्रथमैर्द्विती-यास्तृतीयैश्चतुर्थाः (prathamairdvitī-yāstṛtīyaiścaturthāḥ) V. Pr. IV. 110 cf. प्रथमतृतीयादीनामादेशादित्वादेत्वाभावः (prathamatṛtīyādīnāmādeśāditvādetvābhāvaḥ), M.Bh. on P. VI. 4.120 Vart 3, also cf. Katantra I. 4.1 and Hem. I. 3.35. The word is also used (in the feminine gender) in the sense of the case affixes सु (su) (स् (s)), औ, जस् (au, jas) (अस् (as)) of the nominative case. The word is also used in the sense of the premier accent उदात्त (udātta) (acute); cf. प्रथमभाविनः उदात्तभाविनः (prathamabhāvinaḥ udāttabhāvinaḥ) Uvvata on R. Pr. III. 8.

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Prathamā (प्रथमा).—The nominative case; case affixes of the nominative case. cf. प्रातिपदिकार्थलिङ्गपरिमाणवचनमात्रे प्रथमा (prātipadikārthaliṅgaparimāṇavacanamātre prathamā) P.II. 3.46.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Prathama.—(EI 21), prefixed to Kāyastha and Kulika to indi- cate representatives of certain classes as members of an adminis- trative board of the Pañcāyat type. Note: prathama is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Prathama in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

prathama (प्रथम).—a (S) First, prior, initial, chief, principal (whether of time or of space). 2 Used as ad First; in the first place.

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prathamā (प्रथमा).—f (S) The nominative case. 2 The vocative case. 3 The first person of a tense.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prathama (प्रथम).—a First, principal. ad First; in the first place.

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prathamā (प्रथमा).—f The nominative case.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prathama in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prathama (प्रथम).—[prath-amac] (Nom. pl. m. prathame or prathamāḥ)

1) First, foremost; मखांशभाजां प्रथमो मनीषिभिस्त्वमेव देवेन्द्र सदा निगद्यसे (makhāṃśabhājāṃ prathamo manīṣibhistvameva devendra sadā nigadyase) R.3.44; H.2.39; Ki.2.44.

2) First, chief, principal, most excellent or eminent, matchless, incomparable; Śi.15.42; एष वै प्रथमः कल्पः प्रदाने हव्यकव्ययोः (eṣa vai prathamaḥ kalpaḥ pradāne havyakavyayoḥ) Ms.3.147.

3) Earliest, most ancient, primary.

4) Prior, previous, former, earlier; प्रथमसुकृता- पेक्षया (prathamasukṛtā- pekṣayā) Me.17; नामधेयं गुरुश्चक्रे जगत्प्रथममङ्गलम् (nāmadheyaṃ guruścakre jagatprathamamaṅgalam) R.1.67.

5) (In gram.) The first person (= third person according to European phraseology).

-maḥ 1 The first (third) person.

2) The first consonant of a class.

3) (In math.) The sum of the products divided by the difference between the squares of the cosine of the azimuth and the sine of the amplitude.

-mā The nominative case.

-mam ind.

1) first, firstly, at first; उमास्तनो- द्भेदमनुप्रवृद्धो मनोरथो यः प्रथमं बभूव (umāstano- dbhedamanupravṛddho manoratho yaḥ prathamaṃ babhūva) Ku.7.24; R.3.4.

2) Already, previously, formerly; प्रथमोदितम् (prathamoditam) aforesaid; तमभ्यनन्दत् प्रथमं प्रबोधितः प्रजेश्वरः शासनहारिणा हरेः (tamabhyanandat prathamaṃ prabodhitaḥ prajeśvaraḥ śāsanahāriṇā hareḥ) R.3.68.

3) At once, immediately.

4) Before; यात्रायै चोदयामास तं शक्तेः प्रथमं शरत् (yātrāyai codayāmāsa taṃ śakteḥ prathamaṃ śarat) R.4.24; उत्तिष्ठेत् प्रथमं चास्य चरमं चैव संविशेत् (uttiṣṭhet prathamaṃ cāsya caramaṃ caiva saṃviśet) Ms.2.194.

5) Newly, recently, प्रथमम्-अनन्तरम् (prathamam-anantaram) or ततः (tataḥ) or पश्चात् (paścāt) first, afterwards; प्रथमात् (prathamāt) firstly, for the first time; प्रथमतः (prathamataḥ)

1) At first, firstly.

2) previously.

3) immediately.

4) before, in preference to (gen.)

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Prathama (प्रथम).—See under प्रथ् (prath).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prathama (प्रथम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. First, prior, initial. 2. Chief, principal, incomparable. 3. The “third person” (in gram.) according to European System. The nominative Plu. M. of this word is either prathame or prathamā E. prath to be famous, amac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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