Paratra: 15 definitions
Paratra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Paratra (परत्र) refers to “other worlds”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] Without being permitted by her husband she shall not observe fast and other rites. Should it be so, she will derive no benefit. She may fall into hell in other worlds (paratra). While the husband is sportively engaged or seated comfortably she shall not worry him to get up under the pretext of attending to some household work. Whether he is impotent, distressed, sick or senile, happy or unhappy, the husband shall never be transgressed. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Paratra (परत्र) refers to the “future”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 46.—Accordingly, “The miser, even for his personal needs, stints and spends nothing. He becomes nervous and turns red in front of beggars. In the present lifetime, his voice and his color are ugly. Having planted bad actions for the future (paratra), he will be left with physical ugliness; not having previously planted the seeds of generosity, he is presently miserable. The miser is attached to wealth and his greed does not cease. He opens the gate of sin and does especially bad things; this is why he falls into the bad destinies. [...]”..
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Paratra (परत्र) refers to “the world hereafter”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having discerned that [action] to be done by this human body which produces purity in both worlds [com.—iha-paratra-śuddhida—‘produces purity in this world and the hereafter’] , action in a manner different from this is to be abandoned”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
paratra (परत्र).—n (S) The other world; the next life. In contrad. from aratra. paratrīṃ In the world or life to come.
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paratra (परत्र).—ad S Otherwise. The ordinary word is anyatra.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
paratra (परत्र).—n The other world; the next life. paratrīṃ In the world or life to come.
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paratra (परत्र).—ad Otherwise.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) In another world, in a future birth; परत्रेह च शर्मणे (paratreha ca śarmaṇe) R.1.69; Kumārasambhava 4.37; Manusmṛti 3.275;5.166; 8.127.
2) In the sequel, further or later on.
3) Hereafter, in future.
-tram Future world.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paratra (परत्र).—ind. 1. The next world, futurity. 2. Further on, in the sequel. E. para another, tral aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paratra (परत्र).—[para + tra], adv. In the other world, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 275. paratrāya paratrāya, To the other world, Mahābhārata 13, 7688.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paratra (परत्र).—[adverb] elsewhere, in another world, here-after ([with] bhīru anxious about the other world); farther on, below.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Paratra (परत्र):—[=para-tra] [from para] ind. elsewhere, in another place, in a future state or world, hereafter, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] below id est. in the sequel (of a book), [Vopadeva [Scholiast or Commentator]]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paratra (परत्र):—adv. In the next world.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Paratra (परत्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāratta.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Paratra (ಪರತ್ರ):—[noun] the state of supreme blessedness; emancipation; the final beatitude.
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1) [adverb] in or to some other place; somewhere else.
2) [adverb] at a future time.
3) [adverb] in the world that the soul is supposed to go and stay in after departing from this world.
4) [adverb] in another manner; otherwise; differently.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Paratrabhiru, Paratragati, Paratram, Paratras, Paratrasadhana, Paratraya.
Ends with: Aparatra, Aratranaparatra, Ihaparatra, Uparatra.
Full-text (+4): Paratta, Paratrabhiru, Paratrika, Bhiru, Paratram, Aratranaparatra, Paratre, Paratrya, Iha, Aratra, Parashabda, Bhidura, Stha, Adhyasa, Paraloka, Samkrosha, Sarathi, Svakartha, Loka, Virodhin.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Paratra, Para-tra, Pāratra; (plurals include: Paratras, tras, Pāratras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary (by Nandalal Sinha)
Sūtra 2.1.26 (Nor of Soul, nor of Mind) < [Chapter 1 - Of Earth, Waters, Fire, Air, and Ether]
Sūtra 3.2.14 (Above answered) < [Chapter 2 - Of the Inference of Soul and Mind]
Sūtra 3.1.19 (Marks of Inference of other Souls) < [Chapter 1 - Of the Marks of Inference]
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 5j - Alaṃkāra (10): Dṛṣṭānta or exemplification < [Chapter III - Literary Assessment Of The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 84 [Gurukrama] < [Chapter 3 - Third Vimarśa]
Yogadrstisamuccaya of Haribhadra Suri (Study) (by Riddhi J. Shah)
Chapter 4.1d - Adveṣa (Non-antipathy) < [Chapter 4 - The Eight Yogadṛṣṭis and the nature of a Liberated Soul]
Chapter 4.1a - The First: Mitrādṛṣṭi (mitrā-dṛṣṭi)—Introduction < [Chapter 4 - The Eight Yogadṛṣṭis and the nature of a Liberated Soul]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 5.163-164 < [Section XIV - Duties of Women]