Virodhin: 6 definitions

Introduction

Virodhin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Virodhin (विरोधिन्) refers to the twenty-third saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—One who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘virodhin’ is an eloquent speaker, wanders in foreign lands, does not give joy and happiness to his own people (people belonging to his family), is extremely deceitful or cunning and does not develop relationship or friendship with the people.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year virodhin (2009-2010 AD) will be afflicted, delighting in the company of the wicked and addicted to sinful deeds and cruel.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virodhin (विरोधिन्).—a. (- f.)

1) Resisting, opposing, obstructing.

2) Besieging.

3) Contradictory, opposed to, inconsistent with; तपोवन° (tapovana°) Ś.1.

4) Hostile, inimical, adverse; विरोधिसत्त्वोज्झितपूर्वमत्सरम् (virodhisattvojjhitapūrvamatsaram) Ku.5.17.

5) Quarrelsome. -m. An enemy; कलयन्त्युष्णकरं विरोधिनः (kalayantyuṣṇakaraṃ virodhinaḥ) Śi.16.64. -f. (-virodhinī) A woman who promotes quarrel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virodhin (विरोधिन्).—mfn. (-dhī-dhinī-dhi) 1. Inimical, adverse, hostile. 2. Opposing, preventing. 3. Obstructive. 4. Exclusive, disqualifying. 5. Contradictory, inconsistent. 6. Quarrelsome, contentious. 7. Of opposite and incompatible quality, (food, medicine, &c.) 8. Besieging, blockading. m. (-dhī) 1. An enemy, an opponent. 2. The twentyfourth year of the cycle. E. vi rudh to oppose, aff. ṇini .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virodhin (विरोधिन्).—i. e. vi-rudh and virodha, + in, I. adj. f. . 1. Obstructive. 2. Preventing, impeding, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 17. 3. Contradictory, inconsistent, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 162. 4. Exclusive, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 11. 5. Besieging, blockading. 6. Quarrelsome. Ii. m. An enemy, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 88, 28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virodhin (विरोधिन्).—[adjective] obstructing, hindering, (*rivalling, a match); disturbing, injuring, harming, repelling, hostile, inimical; [masculine] adversary, foe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Virodhin (विरोधिन्):—[=vi-rodhin] [from vi-rudh] mfn. opposing, hindering, preventing, obstructing, excluding, disturbing, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] obstructive (See a-v), besieging, blockading, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] dispelling, removing, [Śakuntalā] ([varia lectio])

4) [v.s. ...] adverse, hostile, inimical (often ifc. = foe or enemy of), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] disagreeing (as food), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] opposed, contradictory, inconsistent, [Kaṇāda’s Vaiśeṣika-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] rivalling with, equalling, [Kāvyādarśa]

8) [v.s. ...] contentious, quarrelsome, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the 25th year of Jupiter’s cycle of 60 years, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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