Iha, Īhā, Īha: 21 definitions


Iha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Īhā (ईहा).—Effort made for the production of sound; cf. आपद्यते श्वासतां नादतां वा वक्त्रीहायां उभयं वान्तरौभौ । ईहायाम् चेष्टायाम (āpadyate śvāsatāṃ nādatāṃ vā vaktrīhāyāṃ ubhayaṃ vāntaraubhau | īhāyām ceṣṭāyāma) R.Pr.XIII.1.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Īhā (ईहा) [=Īhaka?] refers to “desires”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, Himavat said to Nārada:—“[...] The supreme Brahman is great and imperishable. It is like the streak of a lamp. It is termed Sadāśiva. It is without aberration. It is beyond Brahmā. It is both full and devoid of qualities. It has no special traits, no desires [i.e., nir-īhaka]. It sees within and not without. O sage, from the Kinnaras who come here, such are the things heard about Him. Can it be untrue?”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ihā (इहा) or Ūhā refers to the “desire to know more about it” and represents one of the four classes of m “sense-knowledge” (mati-jñāna) which itself is one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Mati-jñāna is said to be divided into [viz., ihā], etc., and these again into bahu, etc., and originates by means of the senses, and by means of the mind”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Īhā (ईहा, “speculation”) refers to one of the four divisions of sensory knowledge (mati). What is speculation /discrimination (īhā)? Inquisitiveness to know the object more crisply after its cognition through apprehension, e.g. is this white thing a crane or a flag?

according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.13, “The function of mati is the cognition with the aid of mind and sense organs through the stages of apprehension /sensation, speculation /discrimination (īhā), perceptual judgment and retention”.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Īhā (ईहा) refers to “interrogation and reflection” and represents one of the four thought processes relating to perception , as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—Comparable divisions are found in the Tattvārtha-sūtra I.15.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Iha (इह) refers to “this world”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having discerned that [action] to be done by this human body which produces purity in both worlds [com.iha-paratra-śuddhida—‘produces purity in this world and the hereafter’] , action in a manner different from this is to be abandoned”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

iha : (ind.) here. || īhā (f.), endeavour; exertion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Iha, (indecl.) (Sk. iha; form iha is rare in Pāli, the usual form is idha (q. v.)) adv. of place “here” Sn. 460. (Page 123)

— or —

Īhā, (f.) (fr. īh) exertion, endeavour, activity, only in adj. nir-īha void of activity Miln. 413. (Page 124)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

īhā (ईहा).—f S Wish or desire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iha (इह).—ind. [idaṃ-ha iśādeśaḥ P.V.3.11 Sk.]

1) Here (referring to time, place or direction); in this place or case. नेहाभिक्रमनाशोऽस्ति (nehābhikramanāśo'sti) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.4.

2) In this world (opp. paratra or amutra); oft. with जगति (jagati); K.35.

3) In this case; in this book or system.

4) Now, at this time. [cf. Zend. idha].

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Īha (ईह).—Attempt; as in ऊर्ध्वेहः (ūrdhvehaḥ)

Derivable forms: īhaḥ (ईहः).

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Īhā (ईहा).—[īh-a]

1) Wish, desire; जलनिधिमकरोत्तरीतुमीहाम् (jalanidhimakarottarītumīhām) Rām.; cf. also हन्तुं क्रोधवशादीहां चक्राते नौ परस्परम् (hantuṃ krodhavaśādīhāṃ cakrāte nau parasparam) Ki. see अनीह (anīha) also.

2) An undertaking, act.

3) Effort, exertion, activity; ईहातश्चेद्धनं भवेत् (īhātaśceddhanaṃ bhavet) Manusmṛti 9.25; प्रजागरांचकारारेरी- हास्वनिशमादरात् (prajāgarāṃcakārārerī- hāsvaniśamādarāt) Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iha (इह).—ind. 1. Here, in this place. 2. Now, at this time.

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Īhā (ईहा).—f.

(-hā) 1. Wish, desire. 2. Effort, exertion. E. īh to desire, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iha (इह).—i. e. i + dha, which appears still in the Vedas, cf. idam, adv. 1. In this case, Chr. 55. 2. Here, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 8; in this world, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 181. 3. Hither, Chr. 13, 13.

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Īhā (ईहा).—[īh + ā], f. 1. Exertion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 43, 38. 2. Desire, Mahābhārata 3, 95.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iha (इह).—[adverb] here, hither; here in this world, in this case, in this system or book, etc.; now, this moment. Also = [locative] of 1 a.

iheha here and there, hence and thence, now and then.

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Īha (ईह).—[masculine] attempt, endeavour.

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Īhā (ईहा).—[feminine] the same + effort, exertion, labour; wish, desire. īhātas by labour or exertion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Iha (इह):—ind. ([from] [pronominal] base 3. i), in this place, here

2) to this place

3) in this world

4) in this book or system

5) in this case (e.g. teneha na, ‘therefore not in this case’ id est. the rule does not apply here)

6) now, at this time, [Ṛg-veda etc. etc.];

7) cf. Zend idha, ‘here’ ; [Greek] ἰθα or ἰθαι in ἰθα-γενής and ἰθαι-γενής; [Gothic] ith; perhaps [Latin] igi-tur.

8) Īha (ईह):—[from īh] m. attempt (See ūrdhveha)

9) Īhā (ईहा):—[from īha > īh] f. effort, exertion, activity, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] request, desire, wish, [Rāmāyaṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Iha (इह):—adv. Here; now.

2) Īha (ईह):—(ṅa) īhate 1. d. To endeavour.

3) Īhā (ईहा):—(hā) 1. f. Wish; effort.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Iha (इह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Iha, Ihiṃ, Īhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Iha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Iha (इह) [Also spelled ih]:—(ind) here, in this world.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Iha (इह) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ibha.

2) Iha (इह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Iha.

3) Īha (ईह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Īkṣ.

4) Īhā (ईहा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Īhā.

5) Īhā (ईहा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Īkṣā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Iha (ಇಹ):—[adjective] that is; being.

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Iha (ಇಹ):—[noun] the state, condition or fact of being.

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Iha (ಇಹ):—[noun] the world in which we are living (as opp. to the heaven or other regions).

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Īha (ಈಹ):—[noun] the act of giving or handing over the possession.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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