Nipa, aka: Nīpa, Nipā; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nīpa (नीप) is another name (synonym) for Dhārākadamba: one of the three varieties of Kadamba, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Neolamarckia cadamba (burflower-tree). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.97), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Nīpa (नीप) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Ixora bandhucca (a species of aśoka) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as nīpa) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Purana

1) Nīpa (नीप):—Son of Pāra (son of Rucirāśva). He had one hundred sons. One of his sons was called Brahmadatta, whom he begot through the womb of his wife, Kṛtvī (daughter of Śuka). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.24-25)

2) Nīpa (नीप):—Son of Kṛtī (son of Sannatimān). He had a son called Udgrāyudha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.28-29)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Nīpa (नीप).—A famous King of the Pūru dynasty. A son called Brahmadatta was born to the King by his wife Kṛti alias Kīrtimatī. Brahmadatta begot hundred sons like Kīrtivardhana and all of them became famous by the name Nīpas. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

2) Nīpa (नीप).—An ancient kingdom in India. The King of this place participated in Yudhiṣṭhira’s Rājasūya. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 24).

3) Nīpa (नीप).—A Kṣatriya dynasty. King Janamejaya belonged to this dynasty. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 13).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Nīpa (नीप).—A son of Pāra (Paura, Matsya-purāṇa) wife kṛtvī; father of 100 sons, Nīpās; Aṇuhasatyaka? was the eldest; among the others were Srīmān who was well known and was destroyed by Ugrasena (Ugrāyudha, Vāyu-purāṇa) for the sake of Janamejaya; Brahmadatta was another son.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 24-25; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 52, 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 174-5.

1b) The son of Kṛtin and father of Ugrāyudha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 29.

1c) 100 sons of Nīpa, among whom Srīmān was the most celebrated; destroyed by Ugrāyudha for the sake of Janamejaya;1 a tribe.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 49. 53, 59; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 54.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 273. 73.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Nīpa (नीप) refers to the “dust kadamba”:—According to Śrīla Jīva Gosvāmī, the nīpa, though not a very prominent tree, bears large flowers (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.30.9). Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī gives the following information about Vṛndāvana’s trees: The nīpa is “the dust kadamba” and it has large flowers.

(Source): VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Nipa (निप) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Nipa tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

(Source): archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

nīpa : (m.) the tree Nauclea Cadamba.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nīpa, (adj.) (Vedic nīpa, contr. fr. ni+āpa “low water”) lit. lying low, deep, N. of the tree Nauclea cadamba, a species of Asoka tree J. I, 13 (v. 61)=Bu II. 51; J. V, 6 (so read for nipa). (Page 375)

— or —

Nipa, at J. V, 6 read as nīpa. (Page 359)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nipa (निप).—A water-jar.

-paḥ The Kadamba tree.

Derivable forms: nipaḥ (निपः), nipam (निपम्).

--- OR ---

Nipā (निपा).—2 P.

1) To drink or suck in, imbibe.

2) To absorb, dry up.

3) To drink, kiss; अत एव निपीयतेऽधरः (ata eva nipīyate'dharaḥ) Pt.1.189; दन्तच्छदं प्रियतमेन निपीतसारम् (dantacchadaṃ priyatamena nipītasāram) Ṛs.4.13.

4) To feast on (with the eyes or ears).

--- OR ---

Nīpa (नीप).—a. Situated low, deep.

-paḥ 1 The foot of a mountain.

2) A kind of कदम्ब (kadamba) (said to blossom in the rainy season; Adina Cordifolia Hook). The tree is known as हेडु (heḍu) or हेडकदम्ब (heḍakadamba) in Marāthī. It is the same as हरिद्रकदम्बक (haridrakadambaka) or हरिद्रक (haridraka). The wood of the tree is yellow and is still found employed in old buildings. नीपः प्रदी- पायते (nīpaḥ pradī- pāyate) Mk.5.14; सीमन्ते च त्वदुपगमजं यत्र नीपं वधूनाम् (sīmante ca tvadupagamajaṃ yatra nīpaṃ vadhūnām) Me.67; नवनीपाङ्कुरनन्दनीयशोभा (navanīpāṅkuranandanīyaśobhā) Bhār. Ch.

3) A species of Aśoka; a kind of plant (Mar. dupārī); कदम्बवेतसनलनीपवञ्जुलकैर्वृतम् (kadambavetasanalanīpavañjulakairvṛtam) (payaḥ) Bhāg.8.2.17.

4) Name of a family of kings; नीपान्वयः पार्थिव एष यज्वा (nīpānvayaḥ pārthiva eṣa yajvā) R.6.46.

-pam The flower of the Kadamba tree; नीपं दृष्ट्वा हरितकपिशं कैसरैरर्धरूढैः (nīpaṃ dṛṣṭvā haritakapiśaṃ kaisarairardharūḍhaiḥ) Me. 21; R.19.37.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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