Niva, aka: Nīvā; 4 Definition(s)


Niva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Niva (or, Nīvā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to Mr. P. D. Jain. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Niva), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Niva) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Niva) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Wisdom Library: India History
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

nīva (नीव).—m The name of a tree, and n its fruit. 2 n C & m R A side of a sloping roof.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nīva (नीव).—m The name of a tree. and n its fruit. n m A side of a sloping roof.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nīva (नीव).—A species of tree.

Derivable forms: nīvaḥ (नीवः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 8 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nīva-pāta.—(LP), the falling of rain-water from the eaves; cf. Gujarātī nev or nevāṃ. Note: nīv...
Nīvaraṇa (नीवरण, “obstacles”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX...
Cira (चिर).—n. (-raṃ) E. ci-rak . dīrghakāle, tadvarttini padārthe . tri0 laghvādau tri kale ga...
Nivāta (निवात).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Well armed, accoutred in strong mail. 2. Secure, safe as ...
Nipāka (निपाक).—m. (-kaḥ) Cooking, maturing, ripening. E. ni before pac to cook, affix ghañ .
kaḍāṅgī (कडांगी).—f Feverishness.
Ṇiv (णिव्).—[(i) ṇivi] r. 1. cl. (ninvati praṇinvati) To wet, To moisten, to sprinkle.--- OR --...
nivāntalēṃ (निवांतलें).—n (nīva & āntalā. Something from within the roof.) A covert term for a ...

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