Nirdesha, aka: Nirdeśa; 10 Definition(s)


Nirdesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nirdeśa can be transliterated into English as Nirdesa or Nirdesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Nirdeśa (निर्देश) refers to “mention of a fact in detail” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nirdeśa (निर्देश, “specific mention”) refers to one of the twelve froms of verbal representation (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These verbal representations are to be expressed using the various representations of the body (śārira). Vācika forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation) which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāastra, “‘it is the same I that is speaking’, is an example of specific mention (nirdeśa)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Nirdesha in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirdeśa (निर्देश).—Mention, actual statement; the word is often used in the Mahabhasya in sentences like स तथा निर्देशः कर्तव्यः, निर्देशं कुरुते (sa tathā nirdeśaḥ kartavyaḥ, nirdeśaṃ kurute) etc.; cf. also V.Pr. I. 36;cf. also the maxim तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य (tasminniti nirdiṣṭe pūrvasya) P. I.1.66 and V. Pr. I. 134; cf. also अवश्यं कयाचिद्विभक्त्या केन-चिद्वचनेन निर्देशः कर्तव्यः (avaśyaṃ kayācidvibhaktyā kena-cidvacanena nirdeśaḥ kartavyaḥ) M.Bh. on P. I. 2. 39 Vart. 1. Sometimes the mention or exhibition made by a word shows the particular type of word; cf. Durghata Vrtti on P. I. 2. 6 and VII. 4. 73 as also Kas. on P. IV. 3. 11 and V. 2. 20.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Nirdeśa (निर्देश) is explained as viśeṣa-śruti [“special rules”], and the meaning is supposed to be that unless such a special rule is given, the Aṅgas of all the Pradhāna acts remain the same, as, for instance, the Paryagnikaraṇa, the Prayājas, &c. Special instructions are when it is said: “he cooks the Maitravaruṇa with milk, he anoints the Puroḍāśa with the spoon, &c”.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Nirdeśa (निर्देश, “definiton”).—What is meant by ‘definiton’ (nirdeśa)? Definition means to state the true nature of an entity (vastu). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.7, “(Knowledge of the seven categories is attained) by definition, ownership, cause, location /resting place (substratum), duration and varieties/division”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Nirdesha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nirdēśa (निर्देश).—m (S) Description, depicting, indicating, pointing out. 2 Order, command, authoritative direction.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirdēśa (निर्देश).—m Description, indicating, order, command.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirdesha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirdeśa (निर्देश).—

1) Pointing out, showing, indicating.

2) Order, command, direction; तमशक्यमपाक्रष्टुं निर्देशात् स्वर्गिणः पितुः (tamaśakyamapākraṣṭuṃ nirdeśāt svargiṇaḥ pituḥ) R.12.17 (v. l. nideśāt).

3) Advice, instruction.

4) Telling, saying, declaring.

5) Specifying, particularization, specification, specific mention; अयुक्तोऽयं निर्देशः (ayukto'yaṃ nirdeśaḥ) Mbh.; ऊँ तत्सदिति निर्देशो ब्रह्मणस्त्रिविधः स्मृतः (ūṃ tatsaditi nirdeśo brahmaṇastrividhaḥ smṛtaḥ) Bg.17.23.

6) Ascertainment.

7) Vicinity, proximity.

8) Description, designation.

9) Agreement, promise; कृताशं कृत- निर्देशं कृतभक्तं कृतश्रमम् । भेदैर्ये व्यपकर्षन्ति ते वै निरयगामिनः (kṛtāśaṃ kṛta- nirdeśaṃ kṛtabhaktaṃ kṛtaśramam | bhedairye vyapakarṣanti te vai nirayagāminaḥ) || Mb.13.23.7.

Derivable forms: nirdeśaḥ (निर्देशः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirdeśa (निर्देश).—(1) (m.) elucidation, particularly of religious or philosophical questions; in this sense only slight speciali- zation (as in Pali niddesa) of Sanskrit id.: lokadhātu-paripṛcchā- nirdeśeṣu Dbh 72.14; (2) m., once nt., a high number: °śaḥ Mvy 7792; 7921 = Tibetan ṅes bstan; in 7921 cited from Gv 134.2, where °śaṃ, nt.; read -nirdeśasya Gv 106.18 (1st ed. nidaśasya, or perh. nird° ?); -nirdeśaḥ Gv 324.11, and ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nirdeśa (निर्देश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Order, command, authoritative instruction or direction. 2. Description, designation. 3. Depicting, pointing out or exhibiting. 4. Certainty, ascertainment. 5. Saying, telling. 6. Vicinity, proximity. E. nir before, diśa to show, affix, bhāve ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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