Mrigavati, Mṛgāvatī: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Mrigavati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛgāvatī can be transliterated into English as Mrgavati or Mrigavati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mrigavati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती).—See under Udayana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती).—A Goddess enshrined at Yamunā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 40.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Mrigavati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती) is the daughter of King Kṛtavarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. Mṛgāvatī is an incarnation of the apsara named Alambuṣā, who got cursed by Indra to be born as a mortal human being, after falling in love with a vasu named Vidhūma. Mṛgāvatī became the wife of Sahasrānīka, and she gave birth to a son named Udayana, while staying in the hermitage of Jamadagni.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mṛgāvatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mrigavati in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती) is the mother of Tripṛṣṭha: the first Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of queen Mṛgāvatī, king Prajāpati and their son, Tripṛṣṭha are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती) is the mother of Tripṛṣṭha: one of the nine black Vāsudevas, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] There will be nine black Vāsudevas, enjoyers of three parts of the earth, with half so much power as the Cakrins. [...] Of these, Tripṛṣṭha Keśava, the son of Prajāpati and Mṛgāvatī in the city Potana, eighty bows tall, living for eighty-four lacs of years while the best of Jinas, Śreyāṃsa, is wandering over the earth, will go to the lowest hell”.

Source: JAINpedia: Women in the Jain tradition: Soḷ satī

Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती) refers to one of the 16 Satīs mentioned in the Brāhmī Candanbālikā.—In Jain contexts “Satī” revolves around fidelity to the Jain religion. Although Jains call many virtuous Jain women satīs, among Śvetāmbara Jains there is a group of satīs called the soḷ satī or 16 Satīs (i.e., Mṛgāvatī). These Jain Satīs are revered as role models for women and their stories are widely known. Even though the general group of Satī grows over time, the group of 16 Satīs is unchanging.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrigavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती).—i. e. mṛga + vanī + ī, f. A proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 283.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛgavatī (मृगवती):—[=mṛga-vatī] [from mṛga > mṛg] f. Name of the mythical progenitress of bears and Sṛmaras, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) Mṛgāvatī (मृगावती):—[=mṛgā-vatī] [from mṛga > mṛg] f. Name of Dākṣāyaṇī on the Yamunā, [Catalogue(s)]; of sub voce princesses, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Inscriptions]

[Sanskrit to German]

Mrigavati in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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