Alambusha, Alambuṣā, Alambuṣa, Alambusa, Alambusā, Alambuśā, Alambuśa: 19 definitions


Alambusha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Alambuṣā and Alambuṣa and Alambuśā and Alambuśa can be transliterated into English as Alambusa or Alambusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—A Rākṣasa who was killed by Ghaṭotkaca. (Droṇa Parva in Mahābhārata)

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Alambusha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—Son of the giant Ṛṣyaśṛṅga. He had fought on the side of the Kauravas. (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 167, Stanza 33). There was a combat between Alambuṣa and Ghaṭotkaca, on the first day of the battle of Kurukṣetra.

"Alambuṣa shot ninety sharpened pointed arrows at the son of Bhīmasena (Ghaṭotkaca), cut his body in several places. Though he was full of wounds, he fought all the more fiercely". (Bhāṣā Bhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 45, Stanzas 43, 44).

Alambuṣa had engaged Abhimanyu, Sātyaki, Ghaṭotkaca, Kuntibhoja and Bhīmasena all mighty men of arms, in single combat, in the Kaurava battle. It is seen that he has got another name, Sālakaṭaṃka. He was killed by Ghaṭotkaca in the battle. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 109, Stanzas 22 to 33).

2) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—Another king on the side of the Kauravas. Sātyaki killed this king. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 140, Stanza 13).

3) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—A king of the Rākṣasas. It is seen that this Alambuṣa was defeated and driven away from the battle-field by Arjuna. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 167, Stanzas 37 to 47).

4) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—A giant, the son of Jaṭāsura. Ghaṭotkaca killed this giant in the battle.

5) Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा).—A celestial woman born to Kaśyapa by his wife Pradhā. Genealogy. Begins from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Alambuṣā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा).—An Apsaras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 6; IV. 33. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 5.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Alambusā (अलम्बुसा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.48, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Alambusā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Alambusha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा) is the name of an apsara who fell in love with a vasu named Vidhūma at the Court of Brahmā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. After being cursed by Indra, Alambuṣā got reborn as Mṛgāvatī, the daughter of King Kṛtavarman.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Alambuṣā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Alambusha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा) is another name for Mahāśrāvaṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.19-21 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Alambuṣā and Mahāśrāvaṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The nymph sent by Sakka to tempt the sage Isisinga, as related in the Alambusa Jataka.

In the present age she was the wife of the monk with reference to whom the Alambusa Jataka was related (J.v.152-61).

Her name appears in the Vimanavatthu (p.16, v.10. See also CSB.29, Pl.15) in a list of nymphs who minister with song and dance to Sakka and his queens.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Alambusha in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Alambuśā (अलम्बुशा) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the northern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.


“[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Alambuśā] from the northern Rucaka Mountains came quickly by means of the Ābhiyogika-gods who had become chariots like the wind (in speed). After bowing to the Jina and to his mother and announcing their purpose as before, they stood on the left holding chauris, singing.[...].”.

Note: In the continent Rucakadvīpa is a circular mountain-ranges Rucaka. On this in the four directions are 4 temples, and on both sides of each temple are 4 mountain peaks, making 8 peaks in each direction. Each peak is inhabited by a Dikkumārī [viz., Alambuśā].—(cf. ‘Die Kosmographie der Inder’ pp. 257f).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Alambusha in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Alambusa in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Neptunia oleracea Lour. from the Mimosaceae (Touch-me-not) family having the following synonyms: Neptunia natans, Neptunia prostrata. For the possible medicinal usage of alambusa, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Alambusha in India is the name of a plant defined with Sphaeranthus indicus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Sphaeranthus indicus Kurz (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1982)
· Cell and Chromosome Research (1984)
· Glimpses in Plant Research (1988)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1989)
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Nat. Hist. (1877)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Alambusha, for example diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Alambusha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alambusā (अलम्बुसा).—Name of a country.

—— OR ——

Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष) .—1 Vomiting.

2) The palm of the hand with the fingers extended.

3) Prahasta, the minister of Rāvaṇa.

4) A demon killed by Ghaṭotkacha.

5) A gourd (Mar. bhopaḷā); रिपुं निहत्याभिननन्द वै तदा ह्यलम्बुषं पक्वम- लम्बुषं यथा (ripuṃ nihatyābhinananda vai tadā hyalambuṣaṃ pakvama- lambuṣaṃ yathā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.19.36.

-ṣā 1 Name of a nymph or of a class of nymphs.

2) A kind of plant (lajjālu; Mar. lājāḷū).

3) A barrier, a line of water drawn to prevent entrance (anyāpraveśārthaṃ dattā jalarekhā).

Derivable forms: alaṃmbuṣaḥ (अलंम्बुषः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा).—name of a devakumārikā in the western quarter: Mahāvastu iii.308.8 (mss. Alaṃvarṣā, em. Senart) = Lalitavistara 390.5 (Lefm. with all mss. °śā).

--- OR ---

Ālambuṣa (आलम्बुष).—(?) (m. or nt.?), name of a plant: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 82.18 ālambuṣa-mūlaṃ kṣīreṇa saha pīṣayitvā. Prose; perhaps error for alambuṣā, which is the only form recorded in literary Sanskrit (Lex alambuṣa; no āl° is recorded anywhere).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) 1. The palm of the hand with the fingers extended. 2. Vomiting, sickness. 3. The name of a Rakshasa or goblin. f.

(-ṣā) 1. One of the Apsaras or nymphs of Swarga. 2. Madder, (Rubia manjit'h.) 3. A sort of sensitive plant. 4. A barrier, a line or any thing not to be crossed. E. alam, and busa to injure, affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष):—m. the palm of the hand with the fingers extended, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Name of a plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) of a Rākṣasa, [Mahābhārata vii, 4065 and 4072]

4) Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा):—[from alambuṣa] f. a barrier, a line or anything not to be crossed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a sort of sensitive plant, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of an Apsaras, [Mahābhārata ix, 2931 seqq.; Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष):—(ṣaḥ) 1. m. Palm of the hand with fingers extended; sickness; a goblin. f. A nymph; a barrier; madder; sensitive plant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Alabusā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alambusha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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