Alambusha, aka: Alambuṣā, Alambuṣa, Alambusa, Alambusā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Alambusha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Alambuṣā and Alambuṣa can be transliterated into English as Alambusa or Alambusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Alambusha in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—Son of the giant Ṛṣyaśṛṅga. He had fought on the side of the Kauravas. (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 167, Stanza 33). There was a combat between Alambuṣa and Ghaṭotkaca, on the first day of the battle of Kurukṣetra.

"Alambuṣa shot ninety sharpened pointed arrows at the son of Bhīmasena (Ghaṭotkaca), cut his body in several places. Though he was full of wounds, he fought all the more fiercely". (Bhāṣā Bhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 45, Stanzas 43, 44).

Alambuṣa had engaged Abhimanyu, Sātyaki, Ghaṭotkaca, Kuntibhoja and Bhīmasena all mighty men of arms, in single combat, in the Kaurava battle. It is seen that he has got another name, Sālakaṭaṃka. He was killed by Ghaṭotkaca in the battle. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 109, Stanzas 22 to 33).

2) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—Another king on the side of the Kauravas. Sātyaki killed this king. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 140, Stanza 13).

3) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—A king of the Rākṣasas. It is seen that this Alambuṣa was defeated and driven away from the battle-field by Arjuna. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 167, Stanzas 37 to 47).

4) Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—A giant, the son of Jaṭāsura. Ghaṭotkaca killed this giant in the battle.

5) Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा).—A celestial woman born to Kaśyapa by his wife Pradhā. Genealogy. Begins from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Alambuṣā.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा).—An Apsaras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 6; IV. 33. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 5.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Alambusā (अलम्बुसा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.48, I.65). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Alambusā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Alambusha in Katha glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा) is the name of an apsara who fell in love with a vasu named Vidhūma at the Court of Brahmā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. After being cursed by Indra, Alambuṣā got reborn as Mṛgāvatī, the daughter of King Kṛtavarman.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Alambuṣā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Alambusha in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Alambuṣa (अलम्बुष).—A Rākṣasa who was killed by Ghaṭotkaca. (Droṇa Parva in Mahābhārata)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Alambusha in Theravada glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

The nymph sent by Sakka to tempt the sage Isisinga, as related in the Alambusa Jataka.

In the present age she was the wife of the monk with reference to whom the Alambusa Jataka was related (J.v.152-61).

Her name appears in the Vimanavatthu (p.16, v.10. See also CSB.29, Pl.15) in a list of nymphs who minister with song and dance to Sakka and his queens.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alambusha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Alambusā (अलम्बुसा).—Name of a country.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alambuṣā (अलम्बुषा).—n. of a devakumārikā in the western quarter: Mv iii.308.8 (mss. Alaṃvarṣā, em. Senart) = LV 390.5 (Lefm. with all mss. °śā).

--- OR ---

Ālambuṣa (आलम्बुष).—(?) (m. or nt.?), n. of a plant: Mmk 82.18 ālambuṣa-mūlaṃ kṣīreṇa saha pīṣayitvā. Prose; perhaps error for alambuṣā, which is the only form recorded in literary Sanskrit (Lex alambuṣa; no āl° is recorded anywhere).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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