Viracita, Viracitā: 15 definitions


Viracita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Virachita.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Viracita in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Viracitā (विरचिता) is the name of a secret lover of Udayana (king of Vatsa), according to Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 14. Udayana was born to king Sahasrānīka when his wife, queen Mṛgāvatī was taking refuge at the hermitage of Jamadagni.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Viracitā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Viracita (विरचित) means “be made of”, according to Kāśīnātha Upādhye’s Dharmasindhu, a commentary on the Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (an astrological work).—Accordingly, “[...] Thus it has has been said in the third Skandha of the sacred Bhāgavata. Its meaning is [as follows]. Eighty guñjas make one karṣa. The same has the designation of suvarṇa. Four karṣas are one pala. Thus, a vessel should be made of six palas [i.e., ṣaṭpala-viracita] of copper; it should be pierced at the base by means of a needle made of twenty guñjas’ weight of gold and four aṅgulas in length. Through this perforation, by the time a prastha measure of water enters, that bowl sinks in the water, because of the prastha measure of water that filled it. Then that vessel becomes the standard measure for the period of one ghaṭī. There the unit of one prastha contains sixteen palas. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Viracita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viracita (विरचित) refers to “having created (a wonderful spell)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.41 (“Description of the Altar-Structure”).—Accordingly, as Nārada said to Śiva: “O great lord, lord of gods, listen to my auspicious words. O lord, there is no fear of any hindrance in the celebration of marriage. The lord of mountains will surely give his daughter to you. It is certainly to take you there that these mountains have come here. But to delude the gods a wonderful spell has been created (viracita-adbhuta). O omniscient, it is only to inspire curiosity. There is no possibility of any obstacle. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viracita in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viracita : (pp. of viracayati) composed; put together.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viracita, (vi+racita) 1. put together, composed, made VvA. 14, 183.—2. ornamented ThA. 257; VvA. 188. (Page 633)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viracita (विरचित).—p S Arranged, arrayed, regularly disposed. Ex. śrīmukundarājaviracita || vivēkasindhu adhyā- tmagrantha ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viracita (विरचित).—p Arranged, regularly disposed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viracita (विरचित).—p. p.

1) Arranged, made, formed, prepared.

2) Contrived, constructed.

3) Written, composed.

4) Trimmed, dressed, embellished, ornamented.

5) Put on, worn.

6) Set, inlaid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viracita (विरचित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Made, prepared, effected. 2. Written, composed. 3. Trimmed, ornamented. 4. Contrived, constructed, arranged. 5. Put on, worn. 6. Set, inlaid. E. vi pleonasm, and rac to be made, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viracita (विरचित):—[=vi-racita] [from vi-rac] mfn. constructed, arranged etc.

2) [v.s. ...] performed, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] composed, written, [Kālidāsa; Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] put together, spoken, uttered (See [compound])

5) [v.s. ...] put on, worn, [Raghuvaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] furnished with ([instrumental case]), [Meghadūta]

7) [v.s. ...] put in, inlaid, set, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) Viracitā (विरचिता):—[=vi-racitā] [from vi-racita > vi-rac] f. Name of a woman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viracita (विरचित):—[vi-racita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Contrived; composed; embellished.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viracita (विरचित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viraia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Viracita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viracita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viracita (विरचित) [Also spelled virachit]:—(a) composed, written.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viracita (ವಿರಚಿತ):—

1) [adjective] built; constructed.

2) [adjective] written; composed; compiled.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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