Triprishtha, Tripṛṣṭha, Tri-prishtha: 6 definitions

Introduction

Triprishtha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tripṛṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Triprstha or Triprishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (T) next»] — Triprishtha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ) is the name of the first Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The parents of Tripṛṣṭha are known as king Prajāpati and queen Mṛgāvatī whose stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

The nine Vāsudevas (such as Tripṛṣṭha) are also known as Nārāyaṇas or Viṣṇus and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Vāsudeva is described as follows: their body is of a dark-blue complexion, they wear a yellow robe made of silk, and they bear the śrīvatsa on their chest.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (T) next»] — Triprishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—the highest heaven; Bhāg.1.19.23. (ṣṭhaḥ) Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: tripṛṣṭham (त्रिपृष्ठम्).

Tripṛṣṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—m.

(-ṣṭhaḥ) A king, and one of the Vasudevas, or descendants of Vasudeva, according the Jainas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—n. the highest heaven, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 19, 23.

Tripṛṣṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—[adjective] having three backs or summits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ):—[=tri-pṛṣṭha] [from tri] mfn. having 3 backs or surfaces (Soma compared with a chariot or bull or horse), [Ṛg-veda vii, ix]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii f.]

3) [v.s. ...] the first of the black Vāsu-devas, [Jaina literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. = -diva, [Atharva-veda ix, 5, 10; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i f.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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