Triprishtha, Tripṛṣṭha, Tṛpṛṣṭha, Tri-prishtha: 10 definitions


Triprishtha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Tripṛṣṭha and Tṛpṛṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Triprstha or Triprishtha or Trprstha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Triprishtha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ) is the name of the first Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The parents of Tripṛṣṭha are known as king Prajāpati and queen Mṛgāvatī whose stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

The nine Vāsudevas (such as Tripṛṣṭha) are also known as Nārāyaṇas or Viṣṇus and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Vāsudeva is described as follows: their body is of a dark-blue complexion, they wear a yellow robe made of silk, and they bear the śrīvatsa on their chest.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ), the son of Prajāpati and Mṛgāvatī, is one of the nine black Vāsudevas, according to chapter 4.1 [śreyāṃsanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Note: Tripṛṣṭha is also known as Śārṅgapāṇi, Adhokṣaja or Garuḍadhvaja.

Accordingly: “Because he had seen three backbones in his son’s back, the king gave him the name Tripṛṣṭha at a great festival. Cherished by the nurses and playing with Acala, the Vāsudeva Tripṛṣṭha gradually grew up. As a child, wearing an anklet of tinkling small balls, he played with Balabhadra going in front, like an elephant with its driver. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of triprishtha or triprstha in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Triprishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—the highest heaven; Bhāgavata 1.19.23. (ṣṭhaḥ) Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: tripṛṣṭham (त्रिपृष्ठम्).

Tripṛṣṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—m.

(-ṣṭhaḥ) A king, and one of the Vasudevas, or descendants of Vasudeva, according the Jainas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—n. the highest heaven, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 19, 23.

Tripṛṣṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—[adjective] having three backs or summits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ):—[=tri-pṛṣṭha] [from tri] mfn. having 3 backs or surfaces (Soma compared with a chariot or bull or horse), [Ṛg-veda vii, ix]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii f.]

3) [v.s. ...] the first of the black Vāsu-devas, [Jaina literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. = -diva, [Atharva-veda ix, 5, 10; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i f.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ):—[tri-pṛṣṭha] (ṣṭhaḥ) 1. m. A kind, a descendant of Vasudeva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Triprishtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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