Mesha, aka: Mesa, Meṣa, Meṣā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Meṣa and Meṣā can be transliterated into English as Mesa or Mesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Mesha in Purana glossaries]

Meṣa (मेष) falls under the category of domesticated animals (grāmya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1a) Meṣa (मेष).—Sheep born of Sugrīvī;1 Indra took the guise of, to disturb the tapas of Vajrānga's wife.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 33.
  • 2) Ib. 146. 64.

1b) Sūrya in, the month of Citra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 105. 46.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Mesha in Natyashastra glossaries]

Meṣa (मेष) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Meṣa) various roles suitable to them.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[Mesha in Vastushastra glossaries]

Meṣa (मेष) corresponds with the Aries zodiac sign and refers to the first of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular rāśi (eg., meṣa) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Mesha in Jyotisha glossaries]

Meṣa (मेष).—Sign Aries. Note: Meṣa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Mesha in Itihasa glossaries]

Meṣa (मेष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.59) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Meṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Mesha in Hinduism glossaries]

Meṣa (मेष) denotes ‘ram’ in the Rigveda and later, while Meṣī means ‘ sheep’. Both words are also used to denote the ‘wool’ of the sheep, especially as employed for the Soma filter. A wild (āraṇya) ram is mentioned in the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Mesha in Pali glossaries]

mesa : (m.) a ram.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Mesha in Marathi glossaries]

mēśā (मेशा) [or मेशी, mēśī].—a (mēṣa) Sheep-faced, mealy-mouthed, imbecile, mean and sneaking.

--- OR ---

mēṣa (मेष).—m (S) A ram. 2 The sign Aries.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mēśā (मेशा) [-śī, -शी].—a Sheep-faced.

--- OR ---

mēṣa (मेष).—m A ram. The sign Aries. mēṣī f An ewe.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Mesha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Meṣa (मेष).—

1) A ram, sheep.

2) The sign Aries of the zodiac.

Derivable forms: meṣaḥ (मेषः).

--- OR ---

Meṣā (मेषा).—Small cardamoms.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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