Vishana, Visana, Visāṇa, Viṣāṇa, Visānā, Viśana: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Vishana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viṣāṇa and Viśana can be transliterated into English as Visana or Vishana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Vishan.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Viṣāṇa (विषाण) (Cf. Śṛṅga) refers to a “horn of the moon”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. If the northern horn of the moon should be higher than the other by one-half, the moon appearing like a plough, ploughmen will then suffer. They and their prince will be friendly and there will be prosperity in the land. If the southern horn [i.e., dakṣiṇa-viṣāṇa] should be higher than the other by one half, the appearance of the moon is also said to be plough like but of evil consequences. The ruler of Southern India will die and his army will engage in war”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Viṣāṇa (विषाण) (viṣāṇā?) in the Atharvaveda and later denotes an animal’s ‘horn’.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name given to the kingdom (rajadhani) over which Kuvera rules; hence his name, Vessavana.

D.iii.201; DA.iii.967; J.vi.270; SNA.i.369.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

visāṇa : (nt.) a horn.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Visāṇa, (nt.) (cp. Sk. viṣāṇa) 1. the horn of an animal (as cow, ox, deer, rhinoceros) Vin. I, 191; A. II, 207; IV, 376; Sn. 35 (khagga°, q. v.), 309; Pug. 56 (miga°); Ap 50 (usabha°); J. I, 505; Miln. 103.—2. (also as m.) the tusks of an elephant J. III, 184; V, 41, 48.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viṣāṇa (विषाण).—m n S A horn. 2 A tusk or fang.

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visaṇa (विसण).—n (viśamana S) Cold water poured into hot water to reduce its temperature.

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visāṇa (विसाण).—n (viśamana S) Cold water poured into hot water to reduce its temperature.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viṣāṇa (विषाण).—m n A horn; a tusk.

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visaṇa (विसण).—n Cold water poured into hot water to reduce its temperature.

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visāṇa (विसाण).—See visaṇa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśana (विशन).—Entering, entrance into.

Derivable forms: viśanam (विशनम्).

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Viṣāṇa (विषाण).—[viṣ-bā° kānac]

1) A horn; साहित्यसंगीतकलाविहीनः साक्षात् पशुः पृच्छविषाणहीनः (sāhityasaṃgītakalāvihīnaḥ sākṣāt paśuḥ pṛcchaviṣāṇahīnaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.12; कदाचिदपि पर्यटञ् शशविषाणमासादयेत् (kadācidapi paryaṭañ śaśaviṣāṇamāsādayet) 2.5.

2) The tusk of an elephant or boar; केचिद्भिन्ना विषाणाग्रैः (kecidbhinnā viṣāṇāgraiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.94.35; तप्तानामुपदधिरे विषाणभिन्नाः प्रह्लादं सुरकरिणां घनाः क्षरन्तः (taptānāmupadadhire viṣāṇabhinnāḥ prahlādaṃ surakariṇāṃ ghanāḥ kṣarantaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 7. 13; Śiśupālavadha 1.6; Bhāgavata 1.43.15.

3) A horn (wind instrument).

4) The claws (of a crab).

5) A peak, top.

6) The nipple, (tip of the breast).

7) The chief or best of the kind.

8) A sword or kinfe.

Derivable forms: viṣāṇaḥ (विषाणः), viṣāṇam (विषाणम्).

See also (synonyms): viṣāṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣāṇa (विषाण).—Subst. mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. The horn of an animal. 2. The tusks of an elephant. 3. The tusk or fang of the boar. f. (-ṇī) 1. A plant, the fruit of which is compared to the horn of a ram, &c. commonly Mesa Sringi. 2. A medicinal root: see kṣīrakākolī. n.

(-ṇaṃ) A sort of Costus, (C. speciosus.) E. vi before as to be, cānaś aff.; the initial of the radical rejected, and sa changed to ṣa; otherwise, vi before ṣaṇ to serve, aff. ghañ; or viṣa vā-kānac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣāṇa (विषाण).—i. e. vi-so + ana, m. (f. ṇī), and n. 1. The horn of an animal, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 5; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 311. 2. The tusks of an elephant or boar, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 46, 24; [Draupadīpramātha] 8, 21. Ii. f. ṇī, The name of two plants. Iii. n. Costus speciosus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśana (विशन).—[neuter] entering, penetrating (—°).

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Viṣāṇa (विषाण).—[neuter] (old also ā [feminine]) horn (adj. —° [feminine] ā & ī), tusk (of an elephant or Ganeśa), claw (of a crab), nipple; point i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśana (विशन):—[from viś] n. (ifc.) entering, entrance into, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) Viṣāṇa (विषाण):—1. viṣāṇa n. (for 2. See under vi-√ṣo, [from] which 1. may perhaps also come; in older language also f(ā). and [according to] to [gana] ardhar-cādi, also m.; ifc. ā or ī) a horn, the horn of any animal, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (cf. kharī-, śaśa-v)

3) a horn (wind-instrument), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) the tusk (of an elephant or of a boar or of Gaṇeśa), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

5) the claws (of a crab), [Pañcatantra]

6) a peak, top, point, summit, [ṢaḍvBr.; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) the horn-like tuft on Śiva’s head, [Mahābhārata]

8) the tip of the breast, nipple, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) the chief or best of a class or kind (cf. -bhūta; dhī-v = ‘acuteness of intellect, sagacity’), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) a sword or knife, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([varia lectio] kṛpāṇa)

11) [=vi-ṣāṇa] [from vi-ṣo] 2. vi-ṣāṇa n. (for 1. See p. 997, col. 3) discharging (a fluid), [Ṛg-veda v, 44, 11.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣāṇa (विषाण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) m. f. n.] The weapon of an animal f. A plant, mesha shringi. n. A kind of costus.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viṣāṇa (विषाण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Visāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vishana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viṣāṇa (विषाण) [Also spelled vishan]:—(nm) a horn (of a beast); tusk (of a boar etc.).

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Visaṇa (विसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Veśana.

2) Visāṇa (विसाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viṣāṇa.

3) Visāṇa (विसाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viśāṇa.

4) Vīsāṇa (वीसाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viṣvāṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viṣāṇa (ವಿಷಾಣ):—

1) [noun] a hard, hollow, bony or keratinous, permanent projection that grows on the head of various hoofed animals; a horn.

2) [noun] a very long, large, pointed tooth, usu. one of a pair, projecting outside the mouth and used for defense, digging up food, etc. as in elephants, wild boars, walruses, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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