Kandu, Kaṇḍu, Kaṇḍū: 14 definitions


Kandu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kaṇḍu (कण्डु).—A great sage of ancient Bhārata. He was the father of Māriṣā (Vārkṣī) wife of the Pracetas. Birth of Māriṣā. Māriṣā, daughter of Kaṇḍu, took her birth from a tree. There is an interesting story about this in Viṣṇu Purāṇa. (See full article at Story of Kaṇḍu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kaṇḍu (कण्डु).—A sage engaged in austerities on the banks of the Gomatī; had a daughter through Pramlocā who abandoned the child in the midst of trees and departed. Soma nourished it with nectar, and trees looked after her as their baby. To get rid of the sin Kaṇḍu entered the temple of Puruṣottama and meditated on Keśava.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 30. 13-14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 11-54.

1b) A pupil of Lāṅgali.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 48.

1c) A Lāṅgala.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 43.

2) Kaṇḍū (कण्डू).—Father of thousand snakes, moveable and immoveable having a number of heads, and flying in the air and having different names.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 68.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kaṇḍū (कण्डू):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “itching sensation”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Kaṇḍū is a symptom (rūpa) considered to be due to involvement of kapha-doṣa (aggravated kapha).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Kaṇḍu (कण्डु) refers to “itching” and is dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Kaṇḍu).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kaṇḍū (कण्डू) refers to “itching” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kaṇḍū] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kaṇḍu (itching) is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kaṇḍu : (f.) itch.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kaṇḍu, 1 (f.) (perhaps from *kanad to bite, scratch; cp. Sk. kandara, Gr. knadaλlw to bite, knw/dwn, knw/dalon, etc., Sk. kaṇḍu m. & f. ) the itch, itching, itchy feeling, desire to scratch Vin. I, 202, 296; J. V. 198; Vism. 345. kaṇḍuṃ karoti to make or cause to itch J. V, 198; vineti to allay the itch, to scratch J. V, 199. -(fig.) worldly attachment, irritation caused by the lusts, in “kaṇḍuṃ saṃhanti” (as result of jhāna) A. IV, 437.

— or —

Kaṇḍu°, 2 (=kaṇḍa in compn) an arrow-shot (as measure), in sahassa-kaṇḍu sata-bheṇḍu Th. 1, 164=J. II, 334 (but the latter: sata-bhedo), explained at Th. 1, 164n by sahassakaṇḍo sahassa (sata?)—bhūmako, and at J. II, 334 by sahassa-kaṇḍubbedho ti pāsādo satabhūmiko ahosi; in preceding lines the expression used is “sahassa-kaṇḍagamanaṃ uccaṃ. ” (Page 179)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇḍū (कंडू).—f m (S) The itch. 2 The quality (as of certain vegetables) of occasioning an itching on being touched or eaten. 3 fig. An itching (as for fight &c.); an impulse of ardor or emulation: also mettle, playsomeness, inordinate liveliness. Ex. ghōḍyālā nagāṛyākhālīṃ ghālā mhaṇajē tyācī kaṇḍū jirēla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaṇḍū (कंडू).—m The itch; the quality (as of certain vegetables) of occasioning an itching on being touched. An itching (as for fight).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇḍu (कण्डु).—m., f.,

-kaṇḍūḥ f.

1) Scratching.

2) Itching, itching sensation; कपोलकण्डूः करिभिर्विनेतुम् (kapolakaṇḍūḥ karibhirvinetum) Ku.1.9; Śānti. 4.17.

Derivable forms: kaṇḍuḥ (कण्डुः).

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Kandu (कन्दु).—m., f. [Uṇ.1.14] A boiler, oven.

Derivable forms: kanduḥ (कन्दुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇḍu (कण्डु).—f.

(-ṇḍuḥ) 1. The itch, itching. 2. Scratching: see kaṇḍū.

--- OR ---

Kaṇḍū (कण्डू).—n. (ña) kaṇḍūñ Sautra root, (kaṇḍūyati-te) 1. To itch. 2. To scratch.

--- OR ---

Kaṇḍū (कण्डू).—f.

(-ṇḍūḥ) 1. The itch, itching. 2. Scratching. E. kaṇḍūñ to itch, affix kvip; also with the final short, kaṇḍu.

--- OR ---

Kandu (कन्दु).—mfn. (-nduḥ-nduḥ-ndu) 1. A boiler, a saucepan or other cooking utensil of iron. 2. An oven or vessel serving for one. E. skanda to go, u Unadi affix, and the initial sa rejected.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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