Maharatha, aka: Mahāratha, Maha-ratha; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Maharatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Maharatha in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāratha (महारथ).—A title earned by the five sons of Kārtavīryārjuna;1 an epithet of a Rākṣasa in the army of Bhaṇḍa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 70.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 21.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Maharatha in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāratha (महारथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.29, I.63, I.63.29, VI.18.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahāratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Maharatha in Theravada glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1. Maharatha. A king of thirty one kappas ago; a former birth of Dhammasava (Nagapupphiya) Thera. ThagA.i.215; Ap.i.179.

2. Maharatha. A devaputta in Tavatimsa. As a result of his good deeds, he excelled in majesty Sakka himself. DhA.i.426; UdA.i.199.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Mahāratha.—(EI 7), explained as ‘a race’ (EI 17); official designation; cf. Mahārathin. Note: mahāratha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Maharatha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

mahāratha (महारथ) [or थी, thī].—m (S) A mighty warrior; one capable of opposing his car and himself to 10,000 cars with their several warriors. Applied figuratively to any bold champion, eloquent declaimer &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahāratha (महारथ) [-thī, -थी].—m A mighty warrior.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maharatha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāratha (महारथ).—

1) a great chariot.

2) a great warrior or hero; द्रुपदश्च महारथः (drupadaśca mahārathaḥ) Bg.1.4; कुतः प्रभावो धनंजयस्य महारथजयद्रथस्य विपत्तिमुत्पादयितुम् (kutaḥ prabhāvo dhanaṃjayasya mahārathajayadrathasya vipattimutpādayitum) Ve.2; दशरथः प्रशशास महारथः (daśarathaḥ praśaśāsa mahārathaḥ) R.9.1; Śi.3.22; (a mahāratha is thus defined:-eko daśasahasrāṇi yodhayedyastu dhanvinām || śastraśāstra- pravīṇaśca vijñeyaḥ sa mahārathaḥ ||).

3) desire, longing; cf. मनोरथ (manoratha).

Derivable forms: mahārathaḥ (महारथः).

Mahāratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and ratha (रथ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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