Maharatha, Mahāratha, Maha-ratha: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Maharatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Maharatha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mahāratha (महारथ).—A title earned by the five sons of Kārtavīryārjuna;1 an epithet of a Rākṣasa in the army of Bhaṇḍa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 70.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 21.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mahāratha (महारथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.29, I.63, I.63.29, VI.18.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahāratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Maharatha. A king of thirty one kappas ago; a former birth of Dhammasava (Nagapupphiya) Thera. ThagA.i.215; Ap.i.179.

2. Maharatha. A devaputta in Tavatimsa. As a result of his good deeds, he excelled in majesty Sakka himself. DhA.i.426; UdA.i.199.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mahāratha.—(EI 7), explained as ‘a race’ (EI 17); official designation; cf. Mahārathin. Note: mahāratha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maharatha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahāratha (महारथ) [or थी, thī].—m (S) A mighty warrior; one capable of opposing his car and himself to 10,000 cars with their several warriors. Applied figuratively to any bold champion, eloquent declaimer &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mahāratha (महारथ) [-thī, -थी].—m A mighty warrior.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maharatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahāratha (महारथ).—

1) a great chariot.

2) a great warrior or hero; द्रुपदश्च महारथः (drupadaśca mahārathaḥ) Bg.1.4; कुतः प्रभावो धनंजयस्य महारथजयद्रथस्य विपत्तिमुत्पादयितुम् (kutaḥ prabhāvo dhanaṃjayasya mahārathajayadrathasya vipattimutpādayitum) Ve.2; दशरथः प्रशशास महारथः (daśarathaḥ praśaśāsa mahārathaḥ) R.9.1; Śi.3.22; (a mahāratha is thus defined:-eko daśasahasrāṇi yodhayedyastu dhanvinām || śastraśāstra- pravīṇaśca vijñeyaḥ sa mahārathaḥ ||).

3) desire, longing; cf. मनोरथ (manoratha).

Derivable forms: mahārathaḥ (महारथः).

Mahāratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and ratha (रथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahāratha (महारथ).—name of a king: Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 206.11; 225.9 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāratha (महारथ).—m.

(-thaḥ) 1. Wish, desire. 2. A large car. 3. A warrior fighting in a car, or any leader or warrior of note. It is thus defined in Vachaspatya:—“eko daśasahasrāṇi yodhayed yastu dhanvinām . śastraśāstrapravīṇaśca vijñeyaḥ sa mahārathaḥ ..” E. mahā great, and ratha a car.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāratha (महारथ).—m. 1. a great chariot, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 32. 2. (having a great chariot), a hero, ib. 3, 53, 11.

Mahāratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and ratha (रथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāratha (महारथ).—1. [masculine] great chariot or great hero.

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Mahāratha (महारथ).—2. [adjective] having a great chariot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahāratha (महारथ):—[=mahā-ratha] [from mahā > mah] m. a gr° chariot, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a gr° warrior (not a Bahu-vrīhi [compound], as shown by the accent; cf. ratha, ‘a warrior’), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Viśvā-mitra, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Buddhist literature]

6) [v.s. ...] of a minister, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] desire, longing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. mano-ratha)

8) [v.s. ...] mfn. possessing gr° chariots, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāratha (महारथ):—[mahā-ratha] (thaḥ) 1. m. Wish; a large car; a warrior fighting in a car.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mahāratha (महारथ):—1. (ma + ratha) m.

1) ein grosser Wagen [Mahābhārata 3, 1730.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 55, 32.] —

2) oxyt. ein grosser Kämpfer, - Kriegsheld [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 22, 22.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 7, 5, 18, 1.] [Nalopākhyāna 12, 31.] [Mahābhārata 1, 532.] mahāratho magadhānāṃ viśruto yo bṛhadrathaḥ [2363. 5930.] sarvaloka (arjuna) [?3, 1528. 11903. 5, 5799. 7383. Rāmāyaṇa 2, 50, 12. 56, 13, f. 3, 53, 11. Raghuvaṃśa 9, 1. Śiśupālavadha 3, 22. Kirātārjunīya 16, 14. Śiva Mahābhārata 13, 1236.] mahārathānāṃ yūthasya patiḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 47, 23.] yūthapa [26.] eko daśasahasrāṇi yodhayedyastu dhanvinām . astraśastrapravīṇaśca mahāratha iti smṛtaḥ .. [ŚRĪDHARASV.] zu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa im Śabdakalpadruma]; vgl. [Mahīdhara] zu [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 22, 22.] ātmānaṃ sārathiṃ (v. l. rathikaṃ) cāśvānrakṣanyudhyeta yo naraḥ . sa mahārathasaṃjñaḥ syādityāhurnītikovidāḥ .. Citat bei [Mallinātha] zu [Kirātārjunīya 16, 14] und [Śiśupālavadha 3, 22.] Dass das Wort in dieser Bed. nicht als adj. comp. zu fassen sei, beweist schon der Accent und der Umstand, dass auch das einfache ratha häufig in der Bed. von Kämpfer, Held gebraucht wird. Hiernach wird man auch 1. bṛhadratha anders als [Sāyaṇa] auffassen. —

3) Nomen proprium eines Rākṣasa [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 29, 30.] eines Sohnes des Viśvāmitra [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 57, 3] (mahodara [Gorresio]). eines Fürsten [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 118, 23. 26.] = Śuddhodana in einer anderen Geburt [Burnouf 535.] Nomen proprium eines Ministers des Fürsten Śaṃkaravarman [Rājataraṅgiṇī 7, 82.] —

4) Lust, Verlangen (vgl. manoratha) [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON.]

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Mahāratha (महारथ):—2. (wie eben) adj. mit grossen Wagen versehen: balāni [Harivaṃśa 10628.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mahāratha (महारथ):—1. m.

1) ein grosser Wagen.

2) ein grosser Kämpfer , — Kriegsheld.

3) Nomen proprium — a) eines Rākṣasa. — b) eines Sohnes des Viśvāmitra. — c) eines Fürsten. — d) eines Ministers. —

4) *Lust , Verlangen.

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Mahāratha (महारथ):—2. Adj. mit grossen Wagen versehen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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