Maharashtri, Mahārāṣṭrī, Māhārāṣṭrī: 6 definitions


Maharashtri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mahārāṣṭrī and Māhārāṣṭrī can be transliterated into English as Maharastri or Maharashtri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Maharashtri in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mahārāṣṭrī (महाराष्ट्री):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Maharashtri in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mahārāṣṭrī (महाराष्ट्री) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Lippia nodiflora Mich., synonym of Phyla nodiflora (“frog fruit”) from the Verbenaceae or verbena family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.106-108 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Mahārāṣṭrī is known in the Hindi language as Bukkan-būtī or Jalpīpar; in the Bengali language as Kāñcara-ghās; in the Marathi language as Jalpimpalī; and in the Gujurati language as Rātvelio.

Mahārāṣṭrī is mentioned as having twelve  synonyms: Śāradī, Toyapippalī, Macchādanī, Macchagandhā, Lāṅgalī, Śakulādanī, Agnijvālā, Citrapatrī, Praṇadā, Jalapippalī, Tṛṇaśītā and Bahuśikhā.

Properties and characteristics: “Mahārāṣṭrī is pungent, sharp, astringent and mouth freshener. It relieves the maggots from the wounds. It is used to purify the impurities of mercury”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maharashtri in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Māhārāṣṭrī (माहाराष्ट्री).—See महाराष्ट्री (mahārāṣṭrī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahārāṣṭrī (महाराष्ट्री):—[=mahā-rāṣṭrī] [from mahā-rāṣṭra > mahā > mah] f. ([scilicet] bhāṣā) the Marāṭhī or Mahratta language, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a species of culinary plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Commelina Salicifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Māhārāṣṭrī (माहाराष्ट्री):—[=māhā-rāṣṭrī] [from māhā-rāṣṭra > māhā] f. (with or [scilicet] bhāṣā) the M° language (Marāṭhī), [Cāṇakya; Mṛcchakaṭikā, [Introduction]]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mahārāṣṭrī (महाराष्ट्री) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Marahaṭṭhī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maharashtri in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mahārāṣṭrī (ಮಹಾರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀ):—[noun] the official language of and the widely spoken language in, Maharāṣṭra state.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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