Darada, Daradā, Dārada, Dara-da: 17 definitions


Darada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Darada (दरद, “Cinnabar”):—Sanskrit technical term used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Darada is an ingredient which can be used in combinations with Rasa (mercury) in various recipes.

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Darada (दरद) refers to “red lead”, and is used in a recipe for manipulating the colour of flowers or fruits (on the tree) [varṇa-pravartana], according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “The white flowers of a tree turn into a golden colour if it is smeared at the roots with the mixture of Rubia cordifolia, red lead (darada), milk, a kind of fragrant earth and flesh of pigeon”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Darada (दरद).—King of an ancient country known as Bālhīka. It is stated in Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 58 that this King was the incarnation of a portion of the asura named Sūrya. At the time of his birth the earth was cleaved because of his weight.

2) Darada (दरद).—An ancient country in North East India. The people of this country were called the Daradas. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 27, that Arjuna conquered this country during his conquest of countries. The Daradas paid tribute to Yudhiṣṭhira. During their forest-life the Pāṇḍavas had passed through the country of the Daradas. At the beginning of the Bhārata-battle, the Pāṇḍavas had sent invitation to the Daradas also. But they fought on the side of the Kauravas. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 70, Stanza 11 that Śrī Kṛṣṇa had conquered the Darada country. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 121, that in the battle of Bhārata the Daradas attacked Sātyaki and that Sātyaki killed them.

3) Darada (दरद).—A tribe. At first they were Kṣatriyas. They grew jealous of the Brāhmaṇas and so they were changed to Śūdras. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 35, Stanza 17).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Darada (दरद).—A Mahāratha; was stationed on the southern gate of Mathurā, and on the western gate of Gomanta by Jarāsandha when he besieged them.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 11 [3]; 52. 11 [12].

1b) A northern kingdom noted for horses;1 a tribe.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 49; 18. 47; 31. 83; IV. 16. 17; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 46; 144. 57.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 118; 47. 44-5; 58. 83; 98. 108.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Darada (दरद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.24.22, II.48.12, III.48.20, III.174.12, VI.10.66, VI.46.49, VI.47.16, VI.112.109, VIII.51.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Darada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Darada (दरद) [=Darad?] refers to “serpents”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Aquarius (Kumbha), hill men, men of western countries, carriers, robbers, shephards, serpents [i.e., darada], worthy men, lions, citizens and the people of Barbara will perish. [...]”.

2) Daradā (दरदा) refers to an ancient kingdom identified with a country bordering on Kāśmīra, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Bhādrapada, the people of Kaliṅga, of Vaṅga, of Magadha and of Saurāṣṭra, the Mlecchas, the Sauvīras, the Daradās and the Śakas will perish; pregnant women will miscarry but there will be prosperity over the land”.

3) Darada (दरद) refers to a country belonging to “Aiśānī (north-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī represent the north-eastern consisting of [i.e., Darada] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Darada (दरद) (in Chinese: Ta-lo-t'o) refers to one of the fifty-five kingdoms enumerated in chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective districts.—In Darada, the following deities are appointed (among others): The Gandharva Pi-p'o-ta-li; the Nāgarāja Po-t'o; the Goddess Maulicarī.

Darada (दरद) (in Chinese: T'o-lo-t'o) is also the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Citrā or Citrānakṣatra, mentioned in chapter 18.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daraḍa (दरड).—f (darad S) A bank, whether a steep acclivity or a high piece of ground.

--- OR ---

daraḍa (दरड).—n f R W Thick-growing grass. 2 Overgrown state with weeds and rank herbs, weediness.

--- OR ---

darada (दरद).—f m ( P) Ailment, disorder, disease; esp. used of an obstinately lingering remnant. 2 fig. Care, concern, regard, interest, feeling (for, about, in). 3 fig. The point, sting, beauty, spirit, significance (of a speech, a composition &c.) 4 m S Vermilion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

daraḍa (दरड).—f m A bank, mount. n f Thick growing grass.

--- OR ---

darada (दरद).—f m Ailment, disorder, disease; esp used of an obstinately lingering remnant. Fig. Care, concern, regard, interest (for,about,in). Fig. The point, sting, beauty, spirit, significance ( a speech, composition &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daradā (दरदा).—m. (pl.) A country bordering of Kashmir.

-daḥ Fear, terror.

-dam Red lead.

Derivable forms: daradāḥ (दरदाः).

--- OR ---

Dārada (दारद).—

1) Quicksilver.

2) The ocean.

-daḥ, -dam Vermilion.

-dāḥ people of the Dārada country.

Derivable forms: dāradaḥ (दारदः).

--- OR ---

Darada (दरद).—a. causing fear.

Darada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dara and da (द).

--- OR ---

Darada (दरद).—vermilion.

Derivable forms: daradaḥ (दरदः), daradam (दरदम्).

Darada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dara and da (द).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Darada (दरद).—mf.

(-daḥ-dā) A country bordering on Kashmir, the mountains about Kashmir and above Peshawar. m.

(-daḥ) 1. Fear, terror. 2. A tribe of barbarians. E. ac added to the former.

--- OR ---

Dārada (दारद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. A sort of poison, one brought from the country named Darad. 2. Quicksilver. 3. Vermilion. 4. The ocean. E. darada a country, &c. affix aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Darada (दरद).—[masculine] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Darada (दरद):—[from darad > dara] m. [plural] Name of a people (living above Peṣāwar; also called d, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]), [Manu-smṛti x, 44; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa 6441; Rāmāyaṇa iv; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Vāyu-purāṇa i, 45, 118]

2) [v.s. ...] sg. a Darada prince (also d, [Rājataraṅgiṇī vii, 914]), [Mahābhārata i, 2694; Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] fear, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. red lead, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 26, 93; vii, 1, 227]

5) Dārada (दारद):—mf(ī)n. coming from the country of the Darads or Daradas ([gana] sindhv-ādi)

6) m. a kind of poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) quicksilver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) the ocean, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) m. and n. vermilion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) m. [plural] Name of a people (probably w. r. for darada, [Mahābhārata])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Darada (दरद):—[(daḥ-dā)] 1. m. f. Country or mountains near Kāshmīr. m. Fear; a tribe of barbarians.

2) Dārada (दारद):—(daḥ) 1. m. A sort of poison; quicksilver; vermilion; ocean.

[Sanskrit to German]

Darada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dārada (ದಾರದ):—[noun] mercury; quicksilver.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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