Dravida, aka: Draviḍā, Draviḍa, Drāviḍa; 11 Definition(s)
Dravida means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Draviḍa (द्रविड).—A King of the family of Priyavrata who was the son of Manu. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 5).
2) Draviḍa (द्रविड).—A gandharva who was the father of Kaṃsa. (See under Kaṃsa) Aṃśumatī was the daughter of this gandharva. (See under Aṃśumatī).
3) Draviḍa (द्रविड).—(DRĀVIḌA). In ancient days the whole of South India was known by the name Tamilaka, as Tamil was the language used throughout South India. Strictly speaking, all the languages used in South India were given the name Tamil. The word 'Tamil' underwent changes in the language of North India and took the form 'Drāvida'. Etymologists are of opinion that the changes that took place in the word Tamil were are follows:— Tamil—Damil—Damiḍ-Dramiḍ—Draviḍ—Drāviḍ. Reference to the Drāviḍa country occurs in most of the Purāṇas. Mahābhārata states that Sahadeva, one of the Pāṇḍavas, sent a note for collecting taxes from the people of Drāvida. Sabhā Parva, Chapter 31, Stanza 71.
"There are other countries also in the southern Bhārata such as Dravida, Kerala, Prācya, Mūṣīka, Vanavāsīka Karṇāṭaka, Mahiṣaka, Vikalpa and Mūṣaka." This statement (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9) throws light on the various countries which existed in South India at the time of Mahābhārata. In Bhāgavata, Skandha 10, it is mentioned that Kaṃsa, the uncle of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, was the son of Dramila, a gandharva. (See under Kaṃsa).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 28. 30; VIII. 4. 7; X. 79. 13.
- 2) Ib. XI. 5. 39.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 35. 10; 73. 107.
1b) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Jāmbavatī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 12.
2) Draviḍā (द्रविडा).—A daughter of Tṛṇabindu and mother of Viśravas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 16.
Draviḍa (द्रविड) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.48, II.31.12, III.48.18, V.158.20, VI.10.57, VIII.4.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Draviḍa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Drāviḍa (द्राविड) refers to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey of any building), according to the Śilparatna (32.6) and the Mayamata (18.14). In the Kamikāgama (57.8), this variety is known as Drāmiḍa.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Drāviḍa (द्राविड).—A classification of prāsada (‘superstructure of a temple’);—The building that possesses a śikhara, which is octagonal, is drāviḍa.Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Draviḍa (द्रविड) is the name of a tribe, usually to be represented by a brown (asita) color when painting the limbs (aṅgaracanā), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The are also known by the name Dramila (or Damila in Pali). The painting is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Draviḍa (द्रविड) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The use of the words Draviḍa and Dramila are the same as in the case of the word Gauḍa. These words mentioned by Rājaśekhara to denote the inhabitants of southern India, which is not the name of the country.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Languages of India and abroad
draviḍa (द्रविड).—& draviḍī See drāviḍa & drāviḍī.
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drāviḍa (द्राविड).—m (S) The coast of Coromandel from Madras to Cape Comorin. 2 A class of Brahmans, or an individual of it, natives of that country. Five distinctions are comprehended. See pañcadrāviḍa.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
drāviḍa (द्राविड) [-dēśa, -देश].—m The coast of Coromandel.
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drāviḍa (द्राविड) [-ḍī prāṇāyāma, -डी प्राणायाम].—m A devious mode of speaking; a round-about way to a place.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Name of a country on the east coast of the Deccan (pl.); अस्ति द्रविडेषु काञ्ची नाम नगरी (asti draviḍeṣu kāñcī nāma nagarī) Dk.13.
2) An inhabitant or native of that country; जरद्द्रविडधार्मिकस्ये- च्छया निसृष्टैः (jaraddraviḍadhārmikasye- cchayā nisṛṣṭaiḥ) K.229.
3) Name of a degraded tribe; cf. Ms.1.22.
3) A collective name for five peoples (āndhra, karnāṭaka, gurjara, tailaṅga and mahārāṣṭra); see द्राविड (drāviḍa).
Derivable forms: draviḍaḥ (द्रविडः).
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1) A Dravidian, Dravida.
2) A general name for a Brāhmaṇa of any of the five southern tribes (the pañcadraviḍa); द्राविड, कर्णाट, गुर्जर, महाराष्ट्र (drāviḍa, karṇāṭa, gurjara, mahārāṣṭra) and तैलङ्ग (tailaṅga). कर्णाटाश्चैव तैलङ्गा गुर्जरा राष्ट्रवासिनः । आन्ध्राश्च द्राविडा पञ्च विन्ध्यदक्षिणवासिनः (karṇāṭāścaiva tailaṅgā gurjarā rāṣṭravāsinaḥ | āndhrāśca drāviḍā pañca vindhyadakṣiṇavāsinaḥ) || Skanda P.
3) Name of the five chief Dravidian languages (Tamil, Telugu, Kanarese, Malayalam and Tulu).
-ḍāḥ (pl.) The Dravida country and its people.
Derivable forms: drāviḍaḥ (द्राविडः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ḍaḥ) A man of an outcaste tribe, descended from a degraded Kshetriya. f. (-ḍī) One of the Raginis or female personifications of the modes of music.
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(-ḍaḥ) 1. A country, properly the coast of Coromandel from Madras to Cape Comorin, or the country in which Tamil is spoken. 2. A native of Dravira or Dravida. 3. A Brahman of Dravira, of rather of the south five Draviras being specified, or Dravira, Karnata, Gujrata, Maharashtra, and Tailanga. 4. A particular number. 5. Zedoary. E. draviḍa, and aṇ aff. draviḍo deśo'bhijano’sya .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 24 books and stories containing Dravida, Draviḍā, Draviḍa or Drāviḍa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Sikhara < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
The Gopuram: its Evolution < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Dravidian Art < [Chapter XIV - Conclusion]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.22-23 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Verse 9.332 < [Section XLIII - Duties of the Vaiśya and the Śūdra]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - The Influence of the Āḻvārs on the followers of Rāmānuja < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 3 - The Precursors of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Philosophy < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 15 - Country of Chu-li-ye (Chulya or Chola) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
Chapter 16 - Country of Ta-lo-pi-ch’a (Dravida) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
Chapter 17 - Country of Mo-lo-kiu-ch’a (Malakuta) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 6 - Bhāratavarṣa: Its Rivers and Regions < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
Chapter 220 - The Greatness of Prayāga: Mohinī’s Story < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]