Maharaudra, Mahāraudra, Maha-raudra: 4 definitions

Introduction

Maharaudra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Mahāraudra (महारौद्र) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Bhīṣaṇa, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Bhīṣaṇa) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Mahāraudra), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Mahāraudra according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Bhīṣaṇa) having a yellow color and should carry in his hands the kuṇḍa, the kheṭaka, the parigha (a kind of club) and bhiṇḍipāla. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharaudra in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mahāraudra (महारौद्र).—A Rākṣasa who was the friend of Ghaṭotkaca. He was killed by Duryodhana at the battle of Kurukṣetra. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 20).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharaudra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahāraudra (महारौद्र).—a. very dreadful.

-drī an epithet of Durgā.

Mahāraudra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and raudra (रौद्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāraudra (महारौद्र):—[=mahā-raudra] [from mahā > mah] mf(ā)n. very terrible, [Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] (ati-m)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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