Mahamrityunjaya, Mahāmṛtyuṃjaya, Mahāmṛtyuñjaya, Mahamrityumjaya, Maha-mrityunjaya, Maha-mrityumjaya: 6 definitions



Mahamrityunjaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mahāmṛtyuṃjaya and Mahāmṛtyuñjaya can be transliterated into English as Mahamrtyumjaya or Mahamrityumjaya or Mahamrtyunjaya or Mahamrityunjaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Mahamrityunjaya in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mahāmṛtyuñjaya (महामृत्युञ्जय) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., mahā-mṛtyuñjaya-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahamrityunjaya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Mahāmṛtyuñjaya (महामृत्युञ्जय) or Mahāmṛtyuñjayamantra is the name of a mantra that is chanted during Dhārāpūjā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“ after performing the regular worship of Śiva, with great devotion in accordance with prescribed rules, the devotees shall pour water in a continuous stream (jaladhārā). This Dhārā worship [viz., Dhārāpūjā] is very efficacious in delirium due to fever (jvarapralāpa). At that time [...] Mahāmṛtyuñjaya-mantra, [... etc.,] shall be repeated. The Dhārā worship [viz., Dhārāpūjā] is very excellent in regard to flourishing series of pleasures. [...]”.

2) Mahāmṛtyuñjaya (महामृत्युञ्जय) is the name of a Vedic mantra, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.38.

Accordingly, as Śukra said to Dadhīca:—“Dear Dadhīca, after worshipping Śiva the lord of everyone, I am going to tell you the highly potential Vedic mantra Mahāmṛtyuñjaya:

“We worship the three-eyed lord Śiva, the lord of the three worlds, the father of the three spheres, the lord of the three guṇas. Lord Śiva is the essence, the fragrance of the three tattvas, three fires, of every thing that is trichotomised, of the three worlds, of the three arms and of the trinity. He is the nourisher. In all living beings, everywhere, in the three guṇas, in the creation, in the sense-organs, in the Devas and Gaṇas, he is the essence as the fragrance in a flower. He is the lord of Devas. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahamrityunjaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahāmṛtyuṃjaya (महामृत्युंजय).—a kind of drug.

Derivable forms: mahāmṛtyuṃjayaḥ (महामृत्युंजयः).

Mahāmṛtyuṃjaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahāmṛtyuṃjaya (महामृत्युंजय):—[=mahā-mṛtyuṃ-jaya] [from mahā-mṛtyu > mahā > mah] mn. (with lauha) (?) ‘conquering gr° death’, a [particular] drug, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a sacred text addressed to Śiva (also ya-mantra m.), [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mahāmṛtyuṃjaya (महामृत्युंजय):—[(ma + mṛ)] m. und mantra Bez. eines best. an Śiva gerichteten Spruches [Oxforder Handschriften 100,a,7] (japa gedr.). [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1286.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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