Mrityunjaya, Mrtyunjaya, Mṛtyuñjaya, Mrityumjaya: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Mrityunjaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛtyuñjaya can be transliterated into English as Mrtyunjaya or Mrityunjaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय, “conquerer of death”):—One of the eleven epithets of Rudra, as adressed to in the second chapter of Śrī-rudram. These names represent his various attributes.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

1) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) is another name for Amṛteśa, the ultimate form of Bhairava in the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Both the Svacchandatantra and Netratantra belong to the category of Bhairavatantras. Their main deities are manifestations of Śiva in his fierce Bhairava form. In the Netra-tantra, Bhairava’s ultimate manifestation is Amṛteśa, a formless deity who bestows relief from ailments to a ritual benefactor and conquers death. Amṛteśa carries many names, including Mṛtyujit and Mṛtyuñjaya.

2) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) or Mṛtyuñjayamantra is the name of a Mantra, according to the Netratantra.—The mṛtyuñjaya-mantra of the Netratantra, oṃ juṃ saḥ, appears in the text in an encoded form. The Netra-tantra and Kṣemarāja use semantic analysis (nirvacana) to linguistically correlate the deity with his role as a protector. It then connects the mantra to the deity through the same etymological evidence. This demonstrates the divinity of the mantra and explains the purpose of its use. [...] Each change in sound furthers cosmological ideation. Again, the text uses nirvacana to demonstrate the inherent meaning and power that permeates the Mantra.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय):—Sixth of the twelve emanations of Rudra, according to the Rūpamaṇḍana. He should wear a garland of skulls on his head, be of white complexion, clad in garments made of tiger’s skin, and carrying in two out of three of his right hands the triśūla and the akṣamālā, and of the left hands two should hold the kapāla and the kamaṇḍalu while the remaining right hand and the left hand should be kept in the yoga-mudrā pose.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) or Mṛtyuñjayamantra refers to a mantra used in combination with offerings of flowers and water ablutions during the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11:—“[...] offerings of flowers and water ablutions shall be made with these mantras whether caused to be read or committed to memory and orally repeated [viz., Mṛtyuñjaya-mantras, ...]. The water offerings shall be a thousand times or hundred and eight times. They shall be offered strictly in accordance with Vedic injunctions or by repeating the names of the deity”.

Mṛtyuñjaya or Mṛtyuñjayamantra is also mentioned along with the fruits of its repetition in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] the Mṛtyuñjaya-mantra shall be repeated half a million times when Śiva shall be visible to the devotee and fulfil his desires. If a person repeats the mantra a hundred thousand times and begins a second instalment he will be lifted to a higher caste. When he completes the third hundred thousand times all his worldly desires will be fulfilled. In the fourth Lakṣa he will be able to see the lord. When the fifty Lakṣa is completed, the lord will confer on him all benefits. When the same mantra is repeated a million times, the merit is tremendous”.

3) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) refers to an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Mṛtyuñjaya, the cause of sorrow, of the form of three attributes, one with the moon, sun and fire as eyes, to the bridge of each and every cause. The entire universe is pervaded by you with your own splendour; you are the great Brahman, the unchanging consciousness, bliss and light”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय).—Is Śiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., mṛtyuñjaya-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Hinduism glossary
Source: Sanjay Rath: Maha Mrtyunjaya Mantra

1) Mṛtyuṅjaya literally means ‘Victory over Death’.

2) The mantra devatā (deity) of the Mṛtyuṅjaya Bīja mantra is Mṛtyuṅjaya (form of Shiva)

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय).—m.

(-yaḥ) A name of Siva. E. mṛtyu death, and jaya conqueror.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय):—[mṛtyu-ñjaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. A name of Shiva.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mṛtyuṃjaya (ಮೃತ್ಯುಂಜಯ):—

1) [noun] Śiva, who has conquered and is superior to Yama, the God of Death.

2) [noun] a mystical hymn believed to give power to defy the death.

3) [noun] (jain.) Jina, the most revered jaina spiritual teacher.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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