Mrityunjaya, Mrtyunjaya, Mṛtyuñjaya, Mṛtyuṃjaya, Mrityumjaya: 20 definitions


Mrityunjaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛtyuñjaya and Mṛtyuṃjaya can be transliterated into English as Mrtyunjaya or Mrityunjaya or Mrtyumjaya or Mrityumjaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय):—Sixth of the twelve emanations of Rudra, according to the Rūpamaṇḍana. He should wear a garland of skulls on his head, be of white complexion, clad in garments made of tiger’s skin, and carrying in two out of three of his right hands the triśūla and the akṣamālā, and of the left hands two should hold the kapāla and the kamaṇḍalu while the remaining right hand and the left hand should be kept in the yoga-mudrā pose.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय, “conquerer of death”):—One of the eleven epithets of Rudra, as adressed to in the second chapter of Śrī-rudram. These names represent his various attributes.

Source: Chapter Nineteen of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय) refers to “conquering death” and is another name for Mṛtyuvañcana as mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra 19.42.—When a practitioner realizes that his death is approaching through signs of death, he should perform either of two kinds of sādhana. The first one is for avoiding death, and the second one is for preparing for death. Mṛtyuvañcana, Kālavañcana and Mṛtyuṃjay are all classified as part of the first kind. In the Kakṣapuṭatantra, it is said that yoga, abhyāsa (recitation), mantra and rasāyana are effective for cheating death.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

1) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) is another name for Amṛteśa, the ultimate form of Bhairava in the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Both the Svacchandatantra and Netratantra belong to the category of Bhairavatantras. Their main deities are manifestations of Śiva in his fierce Bhairava form. In the Netra-tantra, Bhairava’s ultimate manifestation is Amṛteśa, a formless deity who bestows relief from ailments to a ritual benefactor and conquers death. Amṛteśa carries many names, including Mṛtyujit and Mṛtyuñjaya.

2) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) or Mṛtyuñjayamantra is the name of a Mantra, according to the Netratantra.—The mṛtyuñjaya-mantra of the Netratantra, oṃ juṃ saḥ, appears in the text in an encoded form. The Netra-tantra and Kṣemarāja use semantic analysis (nirvacana) to linguistically correlate the deity with his role as a protector. It then connects the mantra to the deity through the same etymological evidence. This demonstrates the divinity of the mantra and explains the purpose of its use. [...] Each change in sound furthers cosmological ideation. Again, the text uses nirvacana to demonstrate the inherent meaning and power that permeates the Mantra.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) or Mṛtyuñjayamantra refers to a mantra used in combination with offerings of flowers and water ablutions during the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11:—“[...] offerings of flowers and water ablutions shall be made with these mantras whether caused to be read or committed to memory and orally repeated [viz., Mṛtyuñjaya-mantras, ...]. The water offerings shall be a thousand times or hundred and eight times. They shall be offered strictly in accordance with Vedic injunctions or by repeating the names of the deity”.

3) Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) refers to the “conqueror of death” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.28 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin): “[...]  With the threefold Energies, Śiva blesses those who worship Him always as the lord of Energies. Every individual soul becomes fearless and conquers death by worshipping Him. Hence His designation ‘the conqueror of death’ (mṛtyuñjaya) is famous in all the three worlds. Viṣṇu attains and retains his Viṣṇu-hood by His favour. Similarly Brahmā his Brahma-hood and the gods their godhood. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय).—Is Śiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 19.
Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) or Mṛtyuñjayapurāṇa refers to one of the eighteen Minor Puranas (i.e., Upapurāṇa) according to the Devībhāgavatapurāṇa and other traditional lists of Puranic literature: a category of ancient Sanskrit texts which gives a huge contribution in the development of Indian literature.—The Upapurāṇas (e.g., mṛtyuñjaya-purāṇa) can be considered as the supplements of the Mahāpurāṇas as those are mostly based on the Mahāpurāṇas. The Saurapurāṇa considers the Upapurāṇas as khilas i.e., supplements. [...] Though the numbers of Upapurāṇas are specified as eighteen, there are many important Upapurāṇas which are excluded from the lists of Upapurāṇas given by different sources.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., mṛtyuñjaya-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google books: Genesis and Development of Tantra (Shaktism)

Mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय) refers to “conquering death” and represents one of the various Siddhis (“supernatural powers”) according to the Siddhayogeśvarīmata: an ancient Sanskrit text devoted to cults of Goddesses as the Vidyāpīṭha or Vidyā Corpus.—Although Vedic rituals were a reliable way for the people of ancient India to fulfill their objectives, Tantric rites too claim to bring about the attainment of wishes. [...] In the Siddhayogeśvarīmata, the objectives of the rites are classified as siddhis [e.g., conquering death (mṛtyuṃjaya)]. They belong to the category of supernatural phenomena and seem to be considerably different from the types of wish people expected to gain from the Vedic rituals that still remained within the sphere of everyday life.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Hinduism glossary
Source: Sanjay Rath: Maha Mrtyunjaya Mantra

1) Mṛtyuṅjaya literally means ‘Victory over Death’.

2) The mantra devatā (deity) of the Mṛtyuṅjaya Bīja mantra is Mṛtyuṅjaya (form of Shiva)

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय).—An epithet of Śiva; कण्ठालंकृतशेषभूषणममुं मृत्युंजयं भावये (kaṇṭhālaṃkṛtaśeṣabhūṣaṇamamuṃ mṛtyuṃjayaṃ bhāvaye) || (Mṛtyuñjaya Mānasa Pūjā S.1.)

Derivable forms: mṛtyuṃjayaḥ (मृत्युंजयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय).—m.

(-yaḥ) A name of Siva. E. mṛtyu death, and jaya conqueror.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय).—i. e. mrityu + m-ji + a, m. Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a work on dharma in verse. Quoted by Hemādri in Dānakhaṇḍa 764. 765. 784, in Dānamayūkha (both passages borrowed from Hemādri).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय):—[=mṛtyu-ṃ-jaya] [from mṛtyu > mṛ] mfn. overcoming d° (said of various remedies), [Bhāvaprakāśa; Rasendracintāmaṇi]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (with or without mantra) Name of [Ṛg-veda vii 59, 12; Pañcarātra]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Pañcarātra; Prasaṅgābharaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] of an author (also called ya-bhaṭṭāraka), [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛtyuñjaya (मृत्युञ्जय):—[mṛtyu-ñjaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. A name of Shiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mrityunjaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mṛtyuṃjaya (मृत्युंजय) [Also spelled mratyunjay]:—(nm) one who has conquered death; (a) immortal, deathless; an epithet of Lord Shiv; hence ~[] (a).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrityunjaya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mṛtyuṃjaya (ಮೃತ್ಯುಂಜಯ):—

1) [noun] Śiva, who has conquered and is superior to Yama, the God of Death.

2) [noun] a mystical hymn believed to give power to defy the death.

3) [noun] (jain.) Jina, the most revered jaina spiritual teacher.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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