Triguna, Tri-guna, Triguṇa: 7 definitions

Introduction

Triguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Out of triguṇas (त्रिगुण) of Indian philosophy Āyurveda recognizes sattva as pure while the other two—rajas and tamas—are regarded as doṣas (which vitiate the mind); they are known as mānasadoṣa.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Triguṇa (त्रिगुण, “constituted of three guṇas”).—Among the six characteristics of prakṛtitriguṇa” is the most important one. Because, it is clearly mentioned in Sāṃkhyakārikā 14 that the five characteristics of vyakta and avyakta, other than triguṇam, are established on the basis of the presence of the three guṇas (triguṇa) in them and absence in puruṣa. According to Sāṃkhyakārikā 12, the three guṇas dominate, support and active one another and interact among themselves to create the world.

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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tri-guṇa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: tri-guṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—n (S) The three qualities incidental to created being, viz. satva, raja, tama.

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triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—a (S) Three-fold.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—n The 3 qualities incidental to created being, viz. satva, raja, tama, a Threefold.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—a.

1) consisting of three threads; व्रताय मौञ्जीं त्रिगुणां बभार याम् (vratāya mauñjīṃ triguṇāṃ babhāra yām) Ku.5.1.

2) three-times repeated, thrice, treble, threefold, triple; सप्त व्यतीयुस्त्रिगुणानि तस्य (sapta vyatīyustriguṇāni tasya) (dināni) R.2. 25.

3) containing the three Guṇas सत्त्व, रजस् (sattva, rajas) and तमस् (tamas).

-ṇam the Pradhāna (in Sāṅ. phil.); (-ind.) three times; in three ways.

Triguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and guṇa (गुण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Thrice, three times, triple. 2. Possessing the three Gunas or properties. n.

(-ṇaṃ) The aggregate of the three qualities incident to human nature. E. tri three, guṇa a time or property.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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