Triguna, aka: Tri-guna, Triguṇa; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Triguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Out of triguṇas (त्रिगुण) of Indian philosophy Āyurveda recognizes sattva as pure while the other two—rajas and tamas—are regarded as doṣas (which vitiate the mind); they are known as mānasadoṣa.

(Source): Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Triguṇa (त्रिगुण, “constituted of three guṇas”).—Among the six characteristics of prakṛtitriguṇa” is the most important one. Because, it is clearly mentioned in Sāṃkhyakārikā 14 that the five characteristics of vyakta and avyakta, other than triguṇam, are established on the basis of the presence of the three guṇas (triguṇa) in them and absence in puruṣa. According to Sāṃkhyakārikā 12, the three guṇas dominate, support and active one another and interact among themselves to create the world.

(Source): Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—n (S) The three qualities incidental to created being, viz. satva, raja, tama.

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triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—a (S) Three-fold.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—n The 3 qualities incidental to created being, viz. satva, raja, tama, a Threefold.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Triguṇa (त्रिगुण).—a.

1) consisting of three threads; व्रताय मौञ्जीं त्रिगुणां बभार याम् (vratāya mauñjīṃ triguṇāṃ babhāra yām) Ku.5.1.

2) three-times repeated, thrice, treble, threefold, triple; सप्त व्यतीयुस्त्रिगुणानि तस्य (sapta vyatīyustriguṇāni tasya) (dināni) R.2. 25.

3) containing the three Guṇas सत्त्व, रजस् (sattva, rajas) and तमस् (tamas).

-ṇam the Pradhāna (in Sāṅ. phil.); (-ind.) three times; in three ways.

Triguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and guṇa (गुण).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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