Tridha, Tridhā, Tri-dha: 16 definitions


Tridha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Tridhā (त्रिधा) refers to “threefold”, and is mentioned in verse 1.23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Tridhā (“threefold”) has been interchanged with bhūdeśa and reproduced simply by gsum “three” (see v. 20). So we should perhaps understand the final clause as follows: “(thus) the tracts of land are said to be three (in number)”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tridhā (त्रिधा) refers to that which is “trichotomised”, as mentioned in the Mahāmṛtyuñjaya-mantra, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.38.—Accordingly, as Śukra related the Mahāmṛtyuñjaya to Dadhīca:—“We worship the three-eyed lord Śiva, the lord of the three worlds, the father of the three spheres, the lord of the three guṇas. Lord Śiva is the essence, the fragrance of the three tattvas, three fires, of every thing that is trichotomised (tridhā), of the three worlds, of the three arms and of the trinity. He is the nourisher. In all living beings, everywhere, in the three guṇas, in the creation, in the sense-organs, in the Devas and Gaṇas, he is the essence as the fragrance in a flower. He is the lord of Devas. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Tridhā (त्रिधा) or Tridhātmikā refers to “she who is threefold as emanation”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess said: “[...] That great power (mahat) is Viṣṇu and (its) form is energy (śaktibimba) that abides threefold. [...] Satisfaction (of all desires is attained) by means of that nectar and there is no rebirth. I am she who is threefold [i.e., tridhā-ātmikā] as emanation, persistence and withdrawal. I pervade the entire universe and the four types of living beings. Why do you praise (me)? Why do you meditate on me? Who else apart from me has authority? Who are you (heralded thus) with hymns and words (of praise)?”.

2) Tridhā (त्रिधा) or Tridhākāla refers to “threefold time” (of past, present and future), according to the second ṣaṭka of the Jayadrathayāmala, while explaining the ‘end of the sixteen’ (ṣoḍāśānta).—Accordingly, “I have explained the mother of mantras consisting of seventeen syllables along with (her) letters. [...] She is the abode at the beginning and at the end of time and is the consumer of time of the (lunar) energies (kalā). Established in the dynamism of the centre, she consumes the threefold time (of past, present and future) [i.e., tridhā-kāla]. Gross time is emanation (sṛṣṭi). It abides as the first of all (things). The secret one of (all the) gods and goddesses is located at the End of the Sixteen. Located on the plane of Kula, that is the time that destroys”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Mālatīmādhava of Bhavabhūti (kavya-shastra)

Tridhā (त्रिधा) refers to “three ways”, according to Mammaṭa-Bhaṭṭa’s Kāvyaprakāśa verse 7.50-51.—The doṣas (or “poetic defects”) are regarded as undesirable elements [of a composition]. Any element which tends to detract the poetic composition is a demerit in general terms. In other words, doṣas are the opposites of the guṇālaṃkāras. [...] In the Sāhityadarpaṇa, Viśvanātha says doṣas are five fold. [...] Mammaṭabhaṭṭa says that padadoṣa (or “defects of word”) are of sixteen types [i.e., tridhā-aślīla (indecorous in three ways)].

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Tridhā (त्रिधा ) refers to the “three kinds” (of meditation), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That (i.e. meditation) is reckoned to be of three kinds (tridhā tridhaivābhimataṃ) by some who have a liking for conciseness from the [Jain] canon which ascertains the nature of the self because the intention of living beings is of three kinds. Now the three— In that regard, it is said that the first is auspicious intention, its opposite is inauspicious intention [and] the third is called pure intention”.

2) Tridhā (त्रिधा) also refers to the “threefold” (breath-control).—Accordingly, “Breath control is praised by mendicants, whose own opinions are well-established, for the accomplishment of meditation and for steadiness of the inner self. Therefore, it should be learned directly and before [meditation] by the wise. Otherwise, even a little mastering of the mind cannot be done. It is considered by the teachers of old as threefold (tridhā) in accordance with the difference in characteristics. There is inhalation, holding and, immediately after that, exhalation”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tridhā (त्रिधा).—ad S In three ways or directions. 2 As used as s f trēdhā is more common.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tridhā (त्रिधा).—ad In three ways. f See trēdhā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tridhā (त्रिधा).—ind. In three ways, or in three parts; एकैव मूर्तिर्बिभिदे त्रिधा सा (ekaiva mūrtirbibhide tridhā sā) Kumārasambhava 7.44; ज्ञानं कर्म च कर्ता च त्रिधैव गुणभेदतः (jñānaṃ karma ca kartā ca tridhaiva guṇabhedataḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.19.

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Tridhā (त्रिधा).—ind. in 3 parts, ways or places; triply, °त्वम् (tvam) tripartition; Ch. Up.

Tridhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and dhā (धा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tṛdhā (तृधा).—(hyper-Sanskrit for tridhā, which occurs Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 55.10), so all Nepalese mss., or tṛvidham, Kashgar recension, in three ways: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 56.1 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛḍha (तृढ).—mfn.

(-ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) Hurt, enjured, wounded. E. tṛh to hurt, kta aff.

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Tridhā (त्रिधा).—ind. In three ways. E. tri, and dhāc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tridhā (त्रिधा).—[tri + dhā], adv. Threefold, Mahābhārata 13, 6467; in three places, 1, 8013; in three parts, Mahābhārata 5, 7206.

— Cf.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tridhā (त्रिधा).—[adverb] in three ways, in (into) three parts; at three times.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛḍha (तृढ):—mfn. (√tṛh) crushed, [Ṛg-veda i, vi.]

2) Tridhā (त्रिधा):—[=tri-dhā] [from tri] (tri-) ind. ([Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya ii, 44]) in 3 ways, in 3 parts, in 3 places, triply, [Ṛg-veda i f., iv; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛḍha (तृढ):—[(ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) p.] Hurt ṛ tṛh.

2) Tridhā (त्रिधा):—adv. In three ways.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tridha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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