Mritasanjivani, Mṛtasañjīvanī, Mṛtasaṃjīvanī, Mrita-samjivani, Mritasamjivani, Mrita-sanjivani: 10 definitions


Mritasanjivani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛtasañjīvanī and Mṛtasaṃjīvanī can be transliterated into English as Mrtasanjivani or Mritasanjivani or Mrtasamjivani or Mritasamjivani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Mritasanjivani in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी).—Halāyudha Bhaṭṭa (of 10th century) wrote commentary [on the Chandaśśāstra] namely Mṛtasañjīvanī and popularized it among the masses. As Pāṇini is incomplete without Kātyāyana and Patañjali, so also Piṅgala is without Halāyudha. Piṅgala systematized the whole science of prosody in sūtra form, while Halāyudha commented on it with notations and examples.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mritasanjivani in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी).—This is a medicinal herb to give life to those who are dead. When in the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle Lakṣmaṇa and others fell dead, Śrī Rāma wanted Mṛtasañjīvanī to be brought to revive them back to life. Jāmbavān the oldest among the monkeywarriors then instructed Hanūmān to get it from the mountain Mahāmeru explaining to him the way to reach there. He said: "If you go a hundred yojanas (1200 Kilometres) from here to the north you would reach Rāmeśvara the southernmost point of Bhārata. From there if you go to the north another thousand yojanas you would reach the Himālayas which is the northern-most point of Bhārata. Himavān is thousand yojanas high, two thousand yojanas wide and is long enough to reach the two oceans on the east and the west.

On that mountain is the marriage-dais of Pārvatī and Parameśvara and you will find places where Parameśvara had sat for practising penances. On the northern side under a big Kūvala tree lies Kāmadhenu. This cow gives milk to the sages and tourists who go there. Nine thousand yojanas to the north of this there are two mountains named Hemakūṭa and Ratnakūṭa. The centre of that is Ṛṣabhavarṣa. On a big Kāraskara tree there will be hanging a king with his face downwards after being cursed by the sage Durvāsas. He will be released from the curse by you. If one eats the fruits of this tree one will be free from greying of hairs and rugosity. (See full article at Story of Mṛtasañjīvanī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी) refers to Mahāmṛtyuṃjaya, which is the name of a Vedic mantra, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.38.—Accordingly, as Śukra said to Dadhīca:—“[...] in my opinion this Mṛtasañjīvanī-mantra is the most excellent of all. Repeat these mantras regularly remembering Śiva with devotion. After japa, homa and recitation of the mantras observe fast, but you can drink water day and night. If the meditation is conducted in the presence of Śiva there is no fear of death from anywhere”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Mritasanjivani in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mṛtasaṃjīvanī (मृतसंजीवनी) is another name for Gorakṣadugdhī, an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with either (1) Grewia hirsuta (Malvaceae family), (2) Sida spinosa (ibid.), or (3) Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. (Euphorbiaceae family), according to verse 5.142-143 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Mṛtasaṃjīvanī and Gorakṣadugdhī, there are a total of seven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Mritasanjivani in India history glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी) is the name of a work on the topic of Prosody ascribed to Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 C.E.), a polymath of who composed around forty works covering the subjects of vedānta, mīmāṃsā, vyākaraṇa, nyāya, prosody, kāvya, smṛti, mantraśāstra, Vedic literature. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XVII. pp. 133-135.

The Mṛtasañjīvanī is the name of commentary on Vṛttaratnākara of Kedāra. This work is composed in Śaka 1627 (=1705 C.E.)520. Though this work is meant to be a commentary on the Vṛttaratnākara, often gives interpretations to many of the sūtras of the Chandaśśāstra of Piṅgala. He praises Piṅgala in the invocatory verse of the work and seeks his blessings to compose this work. He outlines the purpose of the composition of this commentary as though many commentaries (to please the people) are available; they can not overtake the sixteen kalās of mṛtasañjīvinī.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mritasanjivani in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी).—f. (-nī) A Mantra for reviving the dead. E. mṛta, sañjīvanī reviving.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Mṛtasaṃjīvanī (मृतसंजीवनी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a
—[commentary] on Piṅgalachandas, by Halāyudha. Io. 538. 606. 689. W. p. 100. L. 1. Khn. 50. K. 94. Kh. Vi. B. 3, 60. Kāṭm. 10. Pheh. 13. NW. 10. Np. Ii, 124. Vii, 46. Bühler 543.
—[commentary] by Suhalaṇa Bhaṭṭa. B. 3, 60.

2) Mṛtasaṃjīvanī (मृतसंजीवनी):—med. L. 2885.

3) Mṛtasaṃjīvanī (मृतसंजीवनी):—add Oudh. Iii, 12. Oppert. 1069.

4) Mṛtasaṃjīvanī (मृतसंजीवनी):—a
—[commentary] on Piṅgalachandas, by Halāyudha. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 4. Cs. 519. Peters. 4, 33.

5) Mṛtasaṃjīvanī (मृतसंजीवनी):—a
—[commentary] on Piṅgalachandas, by Halāyudha. Ulwar 1100.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛtasaṃjīvanī (मृतसंजीवनी):—[=mṛta-saṃjīvanī] [from mṛta-saṃjīvana > mṛta > mṛ] f. revival of a d° person, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of sub voce works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी):—[mṛta-sañjīvanī] (nī) 3. f. A Mantra for reviving the dead.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mritasanjivani in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी):—adj. reviving the dead;

2) Mṛtasañjīvanī (मृतसञ्जीवनी):—n. Mythol. name of a herb supposed to revive the dead if eaten; a charm for reviving the dead;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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