Dhatakikhanda, aka: Dhātakīkhaṇḍa, Dhataki-khanda; 3 Definition(s)


Dhatakikhanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dhatakikhanda in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dhātakīkhaṇḍa (धातकीखण्ड) is the name of a region ruled over by Dhātaka, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Dhātakīkhaṇḍa is located in Puṣkaradvīpa, which is ruled over by Savana, son of Priyavrata, who was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Dhatakikhanda in Jainism glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dhātakīkhaṇḍa (धातकीखण्ड) is the shorter name of Dhātakīkhaṇḍadvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Kālodadhisamudra (or simply Kālodadhi), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.

Dhātakīkhaṇḍa is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dhātakīkhaṇda (धातकीखण्द) refers to the second continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.7. The number of regions and mountains in Dhātakīkhaṇda continent is twice those of Jambūdvīpa. In Dhātakīkhaṇda there are two Merus i.e. Vijay in East and Acala in West; two Bharata regions, two Himavāna etc, and six mountains with each Meru. The expanse of each lotus in Dhātakīikhaṇda is twice that of lotus in Jambūdvīpa.

How did Dhātakīkhaṇda get its name? Dhātakī trees exists all over in Dhātakīkhaṇda. Khaṇḍa means part /division.Even though the region should be named as Dhātakīdvīpa, yet this continent is known as Dhātakīkhaṇḍa.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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