Madhyahna, Madhyāhna, Madhya-ahna: 15 definitions


Madhyahna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Madhyahn.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न) refers to:—Midday. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न) or Madhyāhnabhoga refers to “noontime food offering” (noontime offering of foodstuffs to the Lord), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—The procedure for offering foodstuffs (bhoga) is the same throughout the day.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Madhyahna in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न):—[madhyāhnaḥ] Midday:

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Srimatham: History of Dharmaśāstra

Madhyahna (मध्यह्न) (or Saṅgava or Mādhyandina) refers to “mid-day”.—The day (of 12 hours) was often divided into five parts, viz. prāta or udaya (sunrise), saṅgava, mādhyandina or madhyahna (mid-day), aparahna (afternoon) and sāyāhna or astagamana or sāya (evening). Each of these five parts of day time will be equal to three muhūrtas. In some smṛtis and Purānas these five parts are mentioned and defined; e.g. in the Prajāpati-smṛti, vv.156157, Matsya Purāṇa 22.82-84, 124.88-90, Vayu 50.170-174.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Madhyahna in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न) refers to “mid-heaven”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If when in mid-heaven [i.e., madhyāhna], the central provinces will suffer, but there will be happiness over the land and the price of food grains will fall. If when in the fifth section, herbivorous animals, ministers and household inmates will suffer as also the Vaiśyas. If they should be eclipsed when in the sixth section of the firmament, women and the Śūdras will suffer; if when setting, robbers and the border Mlecchas will perish. Those will be happy in whose section the eclipse terminates”.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Madhyahna in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न) refers to the “midday”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those objects having a pleasant form, which are seen in the morning and not at midday (madhyāhna), vanish for the embodied souls in this world”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhyahna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न).—(for ahan) midday, noon; प्रातःकालो मुहूर्तांस्त्रीन् संगवस्तावदेव तु । मध्याह्नस्त्रिमुहूर्तं स्यात् (prātaḥkālo muhūrtāṃstrīn saṃgavastāvadeva tu | madhyāhnastrimuhūrtaṃ syāt) ...... Dakṣasamhitā. °कृत्यम्, °क्रिया (kṛtyam, °kriyā) a midday rite or observance. °कालः, °वेला, °समयः (kālaḥ, °velā, °samayaḥ) noontime, midday. °स्नानम् (snānam) midday ablution.

Derivable forms: madhyāhnaḥ (मध्याह्नः).

Madhyāhna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhya and ahna (अह्न).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न).—m.

(-hnaḥ) Mid-day, noon. E. madhya middle, ahan a day.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न).—[masculine] midday.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न):—[from madhya] m. midday, noon, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a pupil of Śaṃkarācārya, [Śaṃkara-vijaya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न):—[madhyā+hna] (hnaḥ) 1. m. Midday, noon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Madhyahna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhyahna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Madhyāhna (मध्याह्न) [Also spelled madhyahn]:—(nm) noon, midday; —[rekhā] the meridian.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhyahna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Madhyāhna (ಮಧ್ಯಾಹ್ನ):—

1) [noun] the middle of the day; the noon.

2) [noun] ಮಧ್ಯಾಹ್ನ ಮೀರು [madhyahna miru] madhyāhna mīru (the noon) to pass by; to elapse; 2. (middle age in one’s life) to pass by; to become aged; ಮಧ್ಯಾಹ್ನ ಸಾಗಿಸು [madhyahna sagisu] madhyāhna sāgisu (fig.) to make a living.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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