Kshanti, aka: Kṣānti; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kshanti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣānti can be transliterated into English as Ksanti or Kshanti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

Kshanti in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣāntī (क्षान्ती).—The main stream of Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 55.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Kṣānti (क्षान्ति) or Kṣāntiṛṣi is the name of a Bhikṣu according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“When people come to insult him, strike him, beat him, slash him, tear off his skin, cut him to pieces and take his life, his mind feels no hatred (dveṣa). Thus, when king Kia li (Kali) cut off his hands (hasta), feet (pāda), ears (karṇa) and nose (nāsā), the Bhikṣu Tchan (Kṣānti) kept a strong mind (dṛḍha-citta) without emotion (acala)”.

Note: In the Mahāvastu his name is Kṣāntivādin or Kṣāntivāda. He was born under the name of Kuṇḍaka into a rich family from Kāsi or Benares or into a brahmin family in the city of Pūtana in southern India.

2) Kṣānti (क्षान्ति) refers to a set of “two patiences”, representing qualities acquired by the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. There are two kinds of patiences (kṣānti):

  1. patience towards beings (sattvakṣānti),
  2. patience towards dharmas (dharmakṣānti).

According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XIV, “There are two kinds of patience (kṣānti): i) the patience toward beings (sattvakṣānti); ii) the patience toward the Dharma (dharmakṣānti). The Bodhisattva who practices patience toward beings acquires immense merit (apramāṇa-puṇya); the Bodhisattva who practices patience toward the Dharma acquires immense wisdom (apramāṇa-prajñā). Endowed with these two benefits, merit and wisdom, he obtains the realization of all his wishes (yatheṣṭa-siddhi): he is like the person who, having eyes and feet, can go wherever he wishes”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

1) Kṣānti (क्षान्ति, “patience”) or kṣāntipāramitā represents the third of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 17). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., ṣaṣ-pāramitā and kṣānti). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Kṣānti forms, besides a part of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā), also a part of the “ten perfections” (daśa-pāramitā).

Kṣānti or Kṣāntibala refers to the “the strength of patience” and represents one of the “ten strengths of the Bodhisattvas” (bala) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 75).

2) Kṣānti also refers to “manifold receptivities” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 107):

  1. dharmanidhyāna-kṣānti receptivity from seeing the dharma),
  2. duḥkhādhivāsanā-kṣānti (receptivity from forbearance with suffering),
  3. paropakāradharma-kṣānti (receptivity from the state of helping others).
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Kṣānti (क्षान्ति, “patient endurance”).—Śāntideva divides patient endurance (kṣānti) into three major varieties: first, enduring suffering (duṣkhādhivāsanakṣānti); second, dharmic patience, the patient endurance that comes from reflecting on the Buddha’s teaching, the dharma (dharmanidhyānakṣānti); and third, patience toward others’ wrongdoing (parāpakāramarṣanakṣānti, Śikṣāsamuccaya 179).

Śāntideva does not link these phenomena under the rubric of patient endurance (kṣānti) merely for the sake of convenience or etymology; rather, patient endurance has common elements that pervade them all. In all three cases, one remains calm and even happy in the face of various undesired events — pains, frustrations, wrongs — that one might face.

Source: IEP: Śāntideva (fl. 8th c.)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Kṣānti (क्षान्ति, “equanimity”) refers to “renunciation of anger and other passions and maintaining an attitude of forgiveness” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas extending pleasant feelings (sātāvedanīya).

Kṣānti is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kshanti in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kṣānti (क्षांति).—f S Forbearing, forgiving; forbearance, forgiveness. 2 Patience, sufferance, endurance.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣānti (क्षांति).—f Forbearance, patience, forgiveness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣānti (क्षान्ति).—f. [kṣam-bhāve ktin]

1) Patience, forbearance, forgiveness; क्षान्तिश्चेद्वचनेन किम् (kṣāntiścedvacanena kim) Bh.2.21; अहिंसा क्षान्ति- रार्जवम् (ahiṃsā kṣānti- rārjavam) Bg.13.7;18.42.

2) The state of saintly abstraction.

Derivable forms: kṣāntiḥ (क्षान्तिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 31 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kshantiparamita
Kṣāntipāramitā (क्षान्तिपारमिता) or simply kṣānti refers to the “perfection of patience” and re...
Adhimatrakshanti
Adhimātrakṣānti (अधिमात्रक्षान्ति) refers to “utmost patience” and represents a quality acquire...
Sattvakshanti
Sattvakṣānti (सत्त्वक्षान्ति) refers to “patience towards beings” and represents a type of kṣān...
Kshantibala
Kṣāntibala (क्षान्तिबल) or simply Kṣānti refers to the “strength of patience” and represents on...
Anutpadakshanti
Anutpādakṣānti (अनुत्पादक्षान्ति).—see अनुत्पत्तिधर्मक्षान्ति (anutpattidharmakṣānti).Anutpādak...
Duhkhadhivasanakshanti
Duḥkhādhivāsanākṣānti (दुःखाधिवासनाक्षान्ति) or simply Duḥkhādhivāsanā refers to “receptivity f...
Paropakaradharmakshanti
Paropakāradharmakṣānti (परोपकारधर्मक्षान्ति) or simply Paropakāradharma refers to “receptivity ...
Kṣāntirṣi
Kṣāntirṣi (क्षान्तिर्षि) is the name of a Ṛṣi mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśā...
Samatakshanti
Samatākṣānti (समताक्षान्ति) refers to the “patience of equanimity” according to the 2nd century...
Dharmakshanti
Dharmakṣānti (धर्मक्षान्ति) refers to “patience towards dharmas” according to the Mahāprajñāpār...
Dharmanidhyanakshanti
Dharmanidhyānakṣānti (धर्मनिध्यानक्षान्ति) or simply Dharmanidhyāna refers to “receptivity from...
Lakshana
1) Lakṣaṇā (लक्षणा).—Daughter of Duryodhana. Wife of Sāmba. (See for details under Sāmba).2) La...
Bala
Bala (बल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentio...
Paramita
Pāramita (पारमित).—a.1) Gone to the opposite bank or side.2) Crossed, traversed.3) Transcendent...
Kali
Kali (कलि) or Kalirāja is the name of a king who tested Kṣāntirṣi as mentioned in the 2nd centu...

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