Kshanika, Ksanika, Kṣaṇika: 13 definitions



Kshanika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣaṇika can be transliterated into English as Ksanika or Kshanika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Kshanik.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy (buddhism)

The word kṣaṇika, which is translated as “momentary,” is, according to Śāntarakṣita, a technical term. The character in an entity of dying immediately after production, is technically called kṣaṇa, and whatever has this quality is called kṣaṇika; kṣaṇa therefore does not mean time-moment. It means the character of dying immediately after being produced. The objection of Uddyotakara that what only stays for a moment of time (kṣaṇa) cannot be called kṣaṇika, because at the expiry of the moment nothing remains which can be characterized as momentary, is therefore inadmissible. There is, however, no entity separate from the momentary character, and the use of the term kṣaṇika, which grammatically distinguishes the possessor of the momentary character from the momentary character itself, is due only to verbal license.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—a (S) Momentary, transitory, fugitive, passing, perishing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—a Momentary, transitory.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—a. [kṣaṇaḥ svasattāvyāpyatayā'styasya ṭhan] Momentary, transient; स्वप्नेषु क्षणिकसमागमोत्सवैश्च (svapneṣu kṣaṇikasamāgamotsavaiśca) R.8.92; एकस्य क्षणिका प्रीतिः (ekasya kṣaṇikā prītiḥ) H.1.64.

-kā Lightning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—adj., empty (of the hands): read in Mahāvastu ii.252.14 kṣaṇikena (Senart °tena with 1 ms., v.l. kṣami- kena) hastena gṛhaṃ gacchati, hato bhavati, went home empty-handed and was depressed (of a fowler who caught no birds); iii.171.6, read svakaṃ ca hastaṃ kṣaṇikaṃ (so 1 ms., v.l. kṣeṇikaṃ; Senart em. implausibly) paśyati (having given away a beautiful lotus, and now regretting the gift); repeated 171.9. Is this an extension of the meaning of [Jaina Māhārāṣṭrī] khaṇika, idle, unemployed, out of work (which is itself derived from Sanskrit kṣaṇin, at leisure)? In any case the two Mahāvastu passages confirm each other; kṣaṇika is certainly the true form in both, and the meaning is certain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) Momentary, transient. f.

(-kā) Lightning. E. kṣaṇa a moment, affix kan or ṭhak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—i. e. kṣaṇa + ika, adj. Momentary, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 60.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—[feminine] ī momentary, transient; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक):—[from kṣaṇa] mf(ī)n. momentary, transient, [Raghuvaṃśa; Prabodha-candrodaya; Bhāṣāpariccheda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] having leisure, profiting of an opportunity, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa xi, 27, 44; Hitopadeśa]

3) Kṣaṇikā (क्षणिका):—[from kṣaṇika > kṣaṇa] f. lightning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) a.] Momentary. kṣaṇin (ṇī) 3. f. Night.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक):—(von kṣaṇa)

1) adj. f. ā nur einen Augenblick während, momentan: prīti [Hitopadeśa I, 60.] samāgama [Raghuvaṃśa 8, 91.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 49, 10.] [WIND.] Sankara [?94, 2. Scholiast zu Kapila 1, 26. Bhāṣāpariccheda 26. Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda in Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 13.] Davon kṣaṇikatva n. eine Dauer auf Augenblicke [Suśruta 2, 539, 4.] [Kapila 1, 34.] [Scholiast] zu [Prabodhacandrodaja 49, 10.] —

2) f. ā Blitz [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1105.]

--- OR ---

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक):—

1) [Spr. 4609.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 90, 21.] Bei den Buddhisten ist Alles kṣaṇika momentan, jeden Augenblick wechselnd [SARVADARŚANAS. 9, 7. fg. 84, 20.] freie Zeit —, Musse habend [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 27, 44.] [Hitopadeśa I, 60] [?(Spr. 2532)] hat die v. l. kṣaṇikī. kṣaṇikatva beständiger Wechsel [SARVADARŚANAS. 9, 9.18. 12, 14.] —

2) [Halāyudha 1, 60.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) nur einen Augenblick während , momentan , jeden Augenblick wechselnd. Nom.abstr. f. ([Śaṃkarācārya .zu.Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahmasūtra 2,2,25]) und tva n. — b) einen freien Augenblick sich machend , für einen A. sich frei machend , eine Gelegenheit ergreifend.

2) *f. ā Blitz.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshanika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक) [Also spelled kshanik]:—(a) momentary, transient, fleeting, transitory; ~[jīvī] ephemeral; ~[vāda] momentaryism, the Buddhist philosophy which lays down that things die, i.e. change, every moment.

context information


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