Koshta, Koṣṭa, Kosta: 3 definitions



Koshta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Koṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Kosta or Koshta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Koṣṭa (कोष्ट, “niche”) is an architectural decoration sometimes functional and sometimes decorative. Koṣṭa means a ‘niche’, recessed portion in the wall surface. To make the wall surface elegant and to avoid monotony, koṣṭas are provided at regular intervals or at suitable places in the wall. The Texts mention a scheme for installing deities in the niches facing different directions (Mayamata chapter 23).

A koṣṭa may or may not have an architectural frontage, so also a sculpture inside. Depending upon the necessity, a sculpture is placed in a koṣṭa. Koṣṭas are carved in the wall surface slightly above the prati moulding of the adhiṣṭhāna. In the later examples, the koṣṭas extend up to the mahāpaṭṭi of the adhiṣṭhāna cutting through the prati and ūrdhvagala.

Koṣṭas, which are non-functional, are also found on the walls of the temples. These koṣṭas possess shallow niches in them. These niches neither can hold an image inside nor they contain relief of an image on their wall surface.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōṣṭa (कोष्ट).—n (kuṣṭha S) Costus Arabicus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kōṣṭa (ಕೋಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] a progressive infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Mycobacterium leprae) that attacks the skin, flesh, nerves, etc, characterised by nodules, ulcers, white scaly scabs, deformities, and the eventual loss of sensation, and is apparently communicated only after long and close contact; leprosy.

2) [noun] any of various contagious skin diseases caused by related varieties of fungus and characterised by itching and the formation of ring-shaped, discoloured patches covered with scales or vesicles; ringworm.

3) [noun] the plant Costus speciosus of Zingiberaceae family; mountain sweet flag.

4) [noun] the plant Saussuria lappa of Asteraceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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