Khanda, aka: Khaṇḍa; 16 Definition(s)


Khanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Khanda in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—The son of Jambha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 78.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to “combination of the three karaṇas”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, it is one of the four classes of ‘movements of the feet’. These movements are part of the ‘physical representation’ (āṅgika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—tad. affix applied to कमल, अम्भोज (kamala, ambhoja) etc. in the sense of समूह (samūha), e. g. कमलखण्डम, अम्भोजखण्डम (kamalakhaṇḍama, ambhojakhaṇḍama), also to the words वृक्ष (vṛkṣa) and its synonyms, e. g. वृक्षखण्डः, तरुखण्डः (vṛkṣakhaṇḍaḥ, tarukhaṇḍaḥ) etc.; cf. Kāś on P. IV.2.38, 51.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to a valley between two mountains.

2) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to a section of a book. .

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

A valley between two mountains is called a khaṇḍa or varṣa. There are nine khaṇḍas, known as

  1. Bhārata,
  2. Kinnara,
  3. Hari,
  4. Kuru,
  5. Hiraṇmaya,
  6. Ramyaka,
  7. Ilāvṛta,
  8. Bhadrāśva and
  9. Ketumāla.

These are different parts of Jambudvīpa.

Source: Vaniquotes: Hinduism

1) khanda = laughing, smiling;

2) Khanda ( खण्ड, khanda), the rhythm of five beats. See tāla (meter, rhythm)

Source: Wahiduddin’s Web: Glossary for The Spiritual Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1) The chief disciple of Vipassi Buddha (D.ii.11, 40; Bu.xx.28; J.i.41), whose step brother he was. The Buddha preached his first sermon to Khanda and his friend Tissa, the chaplains son, in the Deer Park at Khema. Later, Khanda became the Buddhas chief disciple Ekasannaka (BuA.196; AA.i.80; DA.ii.416; see also 457), in a previous birth, once gave alms to Khanda. Ap.i.121.

2) Khanda - Name of a god, the Pali equivalent of the Sanskrit Skanda, mentioned with Siva in the Udana Commentary. UdA.351.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to one of the six types of division (bheda) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—What is the meaning of khaṇḍa? Fragments of a pitcher when broken is called khaṇḍa.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Khaṇda.—(IE 8-4; EI 23), a territorial division; the sub- division of a deśa. (IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Cf. nava-khaṇḍa (IE 8-4), ‘having nine divisions’; an epithet of Bhārata or Bhārata-varṣa. (EI 30), a habitation. (EI 3, 24), also called khaṇḍi; a land measure. See khaṇḍaka. Cf. Tamil kaṇḍam (SITI), a portion of the mukha- maṇḍapa of a temple. Note: khaṇda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Khaṇḍa or Khaṇḍā.—(IA 15), a sword. Note: khaṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Khanda in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

khaṇḍa : (m.) a bit; broken piece; candy. (adj.), broken.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍa, (freq. spelt kaṇḍa (q. v.). Cp. Sk. khaṇḍa; expld at Dhtp 105 as “chedana”) 1. (adj.) broken, usually of teeth; Th. 2, 260 (=ThA. 211); Miln. 342; Vism. 51. ‹-› 2. (m. nt.) a broken piece, a bit, camma° a strip of hide Vin. II, 122; coḷa° a bit of cloth PvA. 70; pilotika° bits of rags PvA. 171; pūva° a bit of cake J. III, 276;— akhaṇḍa unbroken, entire, whole, in —kārin (sikkhāya) fulfilling or practising the whole of (the commandments) Pv IV. 343 and °sīla observing fully the sīla-precepts Vv 113; cp. Vism. 51 & Bdhd 89.

—âkhaṇḍa (redupl. -iter. formation with distributive function) piece by piece, nothing but pieces, broken up into bits Vism. 115. —âkhaṇḍika piece by piece, consisting of nothing but bits, in kh °ṃ chindati to break up into fragments A. I, 204 (of māluvālatā); II, 199 (of thūṇā); S. II, 88 (of rukkha); cp. Vin. III, 43 (dārūni °ṃ chedāpetvā); J. V, 231 (°ṃ katvā). —danta having broken teeth, as sign of old age in phrase kh° palitakesa, etc. “with broken teeth and grey hair” A. I, 138 and ≈; J. I, 59, 79 (id.). —phulla (Bdhgh on Vin. II, 160; khaṇḍa =bhinn’okāso, phulla=phalit’okāso. ) broken and shattered portions; °ṃ paṭisaṅkharoti to repair dilapidations Vin. II, 160 (=navakammaṃ karoti) 286; III, 287; A. III, 263; cp. same expression at Divy 22. unbroken and unimpaired fig. of sīla, the rule of conduct in its entirety, with nothing detracted Vv 8316=Pv IV. 176 (cp. akhaṇḍasīla)=DhA. I, 32. (Page 231)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

khaṇḍa (खंड).—m (S) A fine, mulct, amercement; a contribution levied on towns by an invading enemy; an exaction from persons as the price of their deliverance. 2 A contract of work; an agreement for work by the great. 3 Intermission or break (in a work, in any duration or extension). 4 n A piece, bit, fragment, portion. 5 A section, a part, a division of a book or subject. 6 A division of jambudvīpa. There are nine such. See navakhaṇḍa. 7 A style of poetical composition. khaṇḍēṃ khaṇḍēṃ or khaṇḍavikhaṇḍa karūna ṭākaṇēṃ To break in pieces, to shatter.

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khaṇḍā (खंडा).—m A sort of sword. It is straight and twoedged. See khāṇḍā.

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khandā (खंदा).—m f P Spite or grudge. v lāva, kara.

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khandā (खंदा).—a ( P) High mettled or mettlesome-- a horse: fiery, savage, daring, impetuous--a man: wild, wilful, prankish--a child.

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khāṇḍa (खांड).—f (khaṇḍa S) A break or opening in a dam or mound; a crack or fissure in a wall &c. 2 A jag, indentation, denticulation. 3 A gap in the teeth. 4 A brown and coarse kind of sugar. 5 n A beam, or a stout and squared piece of timber. 6 A bit or piece (of certain things; as of betelnut, the marking nut, turmeric, sandal wood, dry cowdung). 7 A flock (of sheep or goats). 8 A chump or division of a tree. 9 A division of a field.

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khāṇḍā (खांडा).—m A kind of sword, straight, broad-bladed, two-edged, and round-ended. 2 A jag, notch, or indentation (as upon the edge of a tool or weapon). 3 A rough furrow, ravine, gully.

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khānda (खांद).—f R & W (Usually khāndī) A bough or branch (esp. a large one.)

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khānda (खांद).—m (khāndā) The shoulder, or the upper part of the back, or the back of the neck (of men or beasts); when considered with reference to carrying or to burdens. Ex. pālakhīlā khānda ghātalā- dilhā; khānda ālā; khānda sujalā. 2 fig. Familiarity or skill by use or practice, habituation. v paḍa. 3 Grain given in return for the services of a borrowed ox, buffalo &c. 4 Contending or coping with; as in khānda bāndhaṇēṃ or karaṇēṃ with sīṃ of o. To set one's self against; to assume the attitude of opposition or rivalry; to vie with. 4 Rubbedness or soreness of shoulder (from carrying or bearing). v . khānda cōraṇēṃ To hold in or spare the shoulder (from the yoke). khānda dēṇēṃ To lend the shoulder to, lit. fig.

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khāndā (खांदा).—m (skandha S) A shoulder. 2 The yoke-rest of a bullock. 3 That part of the trunk of a tree at which commences the furcation or shooting into branches. 4 Amongst bearers. A shoulder's work; a shoulder's run. 5 The shoulder or top of the back considered as the carrying or bearing place. 6 Familiarity or skill by use or practice, habituation, inuredness. v paḍa. 7 W An arm or a large bough of a tree. khāndyākhālīṃ padara (Whose padara passes under her shoulder instead of passing over it. See padara Sig. VII.) A term for a wanton or immodest woman. khāndyācā (baila &c.) Draught (bullock &c.) khāndyā- vara (mēkhā, gāṇṭhōḍēṃ &c.) dēṇēṃ To turn out (of office or service); to pack off with bag and baggage. khāndyāsa lāgaṇēṃ To be occupied as a bearer of a bier or a corpse.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khaṇḍa (खंड).—n A piece, a section. m A fine. A contract of work. Intermission. A continent.

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khandā (खंदा).—a High-mettled; fiery; wild. m Spite.

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khāṇḍa (खांड).—f A break in a dam. A jag, a gap in the teeth. A brown kind of sugar. n A beam. A bit.

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khāṇḍā (खांडा).—m A kind of sword. A jag. A rough furrow.

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khānda (खांद).—f A bough. m The shoulder.

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khāndā (खांदा).—m A shoulder; the yoke-rest of a bullock. khāndā dēūna kāma karaṇēṃ To co- operate with zeal; to put one's shoulder to the wheel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—a. [khaṇḍ-ghañ]

1) Broken, divided, torn asunder; °देवकुलम् (devakulam) Pt.2 a temple in ruins.

2) Having chasms, gaps or breaks.

3) Defective, deficient.

-ṇḍaḥ, -ṇḍam 1 A break, chasm, gap, fissure, fracture.

2) A piece, part, fragment, portion; दिवः कान्तिमत्खण्डमेकम् (divaḥ kāntimatkhaṇḍamekam) Me.3; काष्ठ°, मांस° (kāṣṭha°, māṃsa°) &c.

3) A section of a work, chapter.

4) A multitude, an assemblage, group; छित्त्वा कर्पूरखण्डान्वृतिमिह कुरुते कोद्रवाणां समन्तात् (chittvā karpūrakhaṇḍānvṛtimiha kurute kodravāṇāṃ samantāt) Bh.2.1; तरुखण्डस्य (tarukhaṇḍasya) K.23; Māl.5.23, 8.1.

5) A term in an equation.

6) A continent.

-ṇḍaḥ 1 Candied sugar.

2) A flaw in a jewel.

-ṇḍam 1 A kind of salt.

2) A sort of sugar-cane. (In comp. -khaṇḍa means 'partial', 'incomplete').

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Khāṇḍa (खाण्ड).—The state of having fractures or gaps.

Derivable forms: khāṇḍam (खाण्डम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. A piece, a part, a fragment, a portion. 2. A chapter, a section. 3. A term in an equation. m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A flaw in a jewel. 2. Treacle or molasses partially dried or candied. n.

(-ṇḍaṃ) 1. A sort of sugar cane. 2. Black salt. E. khaḍi to break, and ghañ affix or khan to tear, affix ḍa, and na changed to ṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 325 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड).—mn. (-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) Sandal-wood. E. śrī fortune, and khaṇḍa part.
Khaṇḍamaṇḍala (खण्डमण्डल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Gibbous, not full or round. n. (-laṃ) A segmen...
Khaṇḍaparaśu (खण्डपरशु).—m. (-śuḥ) A name of Siva. E. khaṇḍa a part, and paraśu a hatchet; cutt...
Bharatakhaṇḍa (भरतखण्ड).—Name of a part of India; भरतवर्षे भरतखण्डे जम्बुद्वीपे दण्डकारण्ये (bh...
Khaṇḍaja (खण्डज).—m. (-jaḥ) Treacle, molasses. E. khaṇḍa, and ja what is produced.
Vṛttakhaṇḍa (वृत्तखण्ड).—n. (-ṇḍaṃ) Sector or segment of a circle. E. vṛtta, and khaṇḍa part.
Khaṇḍapralaya (खण्डप्रलय).—m. (-yaḥ) Partial destruction of the universe, the destruction of th...
Dhātakīkhaṇda (धातकीखण्द) refers to the second continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), acco...
The Kāśīkhaṇḍa of the Skanda-purāṇa (KKh 58.59-116) describes the spatial and religious connota...
Khaṇḍālī (खण्डाली).—f. (-lī) 1. A measure for oil. 2. A pond. 3. A woman whose husband has been...
Dvikhaṇḍa (द्विखण्ड).—A compound expression or word separated into two by avagraha in the Padap...
Kedārakhaṇḍa (केदारखण्ड).—n. (-ṇḍaṃ) A small dyke or mound, earth raised to keep out water. E. ...
Khaṇḍakāvya (खण्डकाव्य).—(-vyaṃ) n. A poem interspersed with prose. E. khaṇḍa, and kāvya a poem...
Padmakhaṇḍa (पद्मखण्ड).—n. (-ṇḍaṃ) A quantity of lotuses, or spot abounding with them. E. padma...
Khaṇḍābhra (खण्डाभ्र).—n. (-bhraṃ) 1. Scattered clouds. 2. A bite, the impression of the teeth....

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