Khanda, Khaṇḍa: 21 definitions
Khanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to “combination of the three karaṇas”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, it is one of the four classes of ‘movements of the feet’. These movements are part of the ‘physical representation’ (āṅgika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—The son of Jambha.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 78.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—tad. affix applied to कमल, अम्भोज (kamala, ambhoja) etc. in the sense of समूह (samūha), e. g. कमलखण्डम, अम्भोजखण्डम (kamalakhaṇḍama, ambhojakhaṇḍama), also to the words वृक्ष (vṛkṣa) and its synonyms, e. g. वृक्षखण्डः, तरुखण्डः (vṛkṣakhaṇḍaḥ, tarukhaṇḍaḥ) etc.; cf. Kāś on P. IV.2.38, 51.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to “raw sugar”, according to the Arthaśāstra II.15.15, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Chewing of sugarcane (ikṣu) is referred to in Atharvaveda. Pāṇini mentions the plantations of sugar cane. Kauṭilya mentions of some products of sugarcane such as phāṇita (inspissated juice of sugarcane), guḍa (jaggery), khaṇḍa (raw sugar), matsyaṇḍikā (sugar candy) and śarkarā (sugar).
Suśruta (Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 45.163) also states that if the derivatives of sugar cane like guḍa, śarkarā, khaṇḍa, phāṇita become more white, they become more cold, sweeter, more pure and more difficult to digest.
Khaṇḍa (“candied sugar”) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., kṣīrabhava]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., khaṇḍa (candied sugar)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Khaṇḍa has 13 mātrās in each of its four lines ((4, 4, 5).—Note: Khaṇḍa, Saṃgalitā, Padagalitā, Sundarāgalitā, Jyotsnā Upakhaṇḍa and Uddohaka are but other names of the Apsarovilasita.—[Apsarovilasita has 13 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 6, 4 and 3 mātrās or 4, 4 and 5 mātrās or 5, 5 and 3 mātrās.]
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
1) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to a valley between two mountains.
2) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to a section of a book. .Source: Vaniquotes: Hinduism
A valley between two mountains is called a khaṇḍa or varṣa. There are nine khaṇḍas, known as
- Bhadrāśva and
These are different parts of Jambudvīpa.Source: Wahiduddin’s Web: Glossary for The Spiritual Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan
1) khanda = laughing, smiling;
2) Khanda ( खण्ड, khanda), the rhythm of five beats. See tāla (meter, rhythm)
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1) The chief disciple of Vipassi Buddha (D.ii.11, 40; Bu.xx.28; J.i.41), whose step brother he was. The Buddha preached his first sermon to Khanda and his friend Tissa, the chaplains son, in the Deer Park at Khema. Later, Khanda became the Buddhas chief disciple Ekasannaka (BuA.196; AA.i.80; DA.ii.416; see also 457), in a previous birth, once gave alms to Khanda. Ap.i.121.
2) Khanda - Name of a god, the Pali equivalent of the Sanskrit Skanda, mentioned with Siva in the Udana Commentary. UdA.351.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Khaṇḍa).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to one of the six types of division (bheda) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—What is the meaning of khaṇḍa? Fragments of a pitcher when broken is called khaṇḍa.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Khaṇda.—(IE 8-4; EI 23), a territorial division; the sub- division of a deśa. (IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Cf. nava-khaṇḍa (IE 8-4), ‘having nine divisions’; an epithet of Bhārata or Bhārata-varṣa. (EI 30), a habitation. (EI 3, 24), also called khaṇḍi; a land measure. See khaṇḍaka. Cf. Tamil kaṇḍam (SITI), a portion of the mukha- maṇḍapa of a temple. Note: khaṇda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Khaṇḍa or Khaṇḍā.—(IA 15), a sword. Note: khaṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
khaṇḍa : (m.) a bit; broken piece; candy. (adj.), broken.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Khaṇḍa, (frequent spelt kaṇḍa (q. v.). Cp. Sk. khaṇḍa; explained at Dhtp 105 as “chedana”) 1. (adj.) broken, usually of teeth; Th. 2, 260 (=ThA. 211); Miln. 342; Vism. 51. ‹-› 2. (m. nt.) a broken piece, a bit, camma° a strip of hide Vin. II, 122; coḷa° a bit of cloth PvA. 70; pilotika° bits of rags PvA. 171; pūva° a bit of cake J. III, 276;— akhaṇḍa unbroken, entire, whole, in —kārin (sikkhāya) fulfilling or practising the whole of (the commandments) Pv IV. 343 and °sīla observing fully the sīla-precepts Vv 113; cp. Vism. 51 & Bdhd 89.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
khaṇḍa (खंड).—m (S) A fine, mulct, amercement; a contribution levied on towns by an invading enemy; an exaction from persons as the price of their deliverance. 2 A contract of work; an agreement for work by the great. 3 Intermission or break (in a work, in any duration or extension). 4 n A piece, bit, fragment, portion. 5 A section, a part, a division of a book or subject. 6 A division of jambudvīpa. There are nine such. See navakhaṇḍa. 7 A style of poetical composition. khaṇḍēṃ khaṇḍēṃ or khaṇḍavikhaṇḍa karūna ṭākaṇēṃ To break in pieces, to shatter.
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khaṇḍā (खंडा).—m A sort of sword. It is straight and twoedged. See khāṇḍā.
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khandā (खंदा).—m f P Spite or grudge. v lāva, kara.
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khandā (खंदा).—a ( P) High mettled or mettlesome-- a horse: fiery, savage, daring, impetuous--a man: wild, wilful, prankish--a child.
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khāṇḍa (खांड).—f (khaṇḍa S) A break or opening in a dam or mound; a crack or fissure in a wall &c. 2 A jag, indentation, denticulation. 3 A gap in the teeth. 4 A brown and coarse kind of sugar. 5 n A beam, or a stout and squared piece of timber. 6 A bit or piece (of certain things; as of betelnut, the marking nut, turmeric, sandal wood, dry cowdung). 7 A flock (of sheep or goats). 8 A chump or division of a tree. 9 A division of a field.
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khāṇḍā (खांडा).—m A kind of sword, straight, broad-bladed, two-edged, and round-ended. 2 A jag, notch, or indentation (as upon the edge of a tool or weapon). 3 A rough furrow, ravine, gully.
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khānda (खांद).—f R & W (Usually khāndī) A bough or branch (esp. a large one.)
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khānda (खांद).—m (khāndā) The shoulder, or the upper part of the back, or the back of the neck (of men or beasts); when considered with reference to carrying or to burdens. Ex. pālakhīlā khānda ghātalā- dilhā; khānda ālā; khānda sujalā. 2 fig. Familiarity or skill by use or practice, habituation. v paḍa. 3 Grain given in return for the services of a borrowed ox, buffalo &c. 4 Contending or coping with; as in khānda bāndhaṇēṃ or karaṇēṃ with sīṃ of o. To set one's self against; to assume the attitude of opposition or rivalry; to vie with. 4 Rubbedness or soreness of shoulder (from carrying or bearing). v yē. khānda cōraṇēṃ To hold in or spare the shoulder (from the yoke). khānda dēṇēṃ To lend the shoulder to, lit. fig.
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khāndā (खांदा).—m (skandha S) A shoulder. 2 The yoke-rest of a bullock. 3 That part of the trunk of a tree at which commences the furcation or shooting into branches. 4 Amongst bearers. A shoulder's work; a shoulder's run. 5 The shoulder or top of the back considered as the carrying or bearing place. 6 Familiarity or skill by use or practice, habituation, inuredness. v paḍa. 7 W An arm or a large bough of a tree. khāndyākhālīṃ padara (Whose padara passes under her shoulder instead of passing over it. See padara Sig. VII.) A term for a wanton or immodest woman. khāndyācā (baila &c.) Draught (bullock &c.) khāndyā- vara (mēkhā, gāṇṭhōḍēṃ &c.) dēṇēṃ To turn out (of office or service); to pack off with bag and baggage. khāndyāsa lāgaṇēṃ To be occupied as a bearer of a bier or a corpse.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
khaṇḍa (खंड).—n A piece, a section. m A fine. A contract of work. Intermission. A continent.
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khandā (खंदा).—a High-mettled; fiery; wild. m Spite.
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khāṇḍa (खांड).—f A break in a dam. A jag, a gap in the teeth. A brown kind of sugar. n A beam. A bit.
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khāṇḍā (खांडा).—m A kind of sword. A jag. A rough furrow.
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khānda (खांद).—f A bough. m The shoulder.
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khāndā (खांदा).—m A shoulder; the yoke-rest of a bullock. khāndā dēūna kāma karaṇēṃ To co- operate with zeal; to put one's shoulder to the wheel.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—a. [khaṇḍ-ghañ]
1) Broken, divided, torn asunder; °देवकुलम् (devakulam) Pt.2 a temple in ruins.
2) Having chasms, gaps or breaks.
3) Defective, deficient.
-ṇḍaḥ, -ṇḍam 1 A break, chasm, gap, fissure, fracture.
2) A piece, part, fragment, portion; दिवः कान्तिमत्खण्डमेकम् (divaḥ kāntimatkhaṇḍamekam) Me.3; काष्ठ°, मांस° (kāṣṭha°, māṃsa°) &c.
3) A section of a work, chapter.
4) A multitude, an assemblage, group; छित्त्वा कर्पूरखण्डान्वृतिमिह कुरुते कोद्रवाणां समन्तात् (chittvā karpūrakhaṇḍānvṛtimiha kurute kodravāṇāṃ samantāt) Bh.2.1; तरुखण्डस्य (tarukhaṇḍasya) K.23; Māl.5.23, 8.1.
5) A term in an equation.
6) A continent.
-ṇḍaḥ 1 Candied sugar.
2) A flaw in a jewel.
-ṇḍam 1 A kind of salt.
2) A sort of sugar-cane. (In comp. -khaṇḍa means 'partial', 'incomplete').
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Khāṇḍa (खाण्ड).—The state of having fractures or gaps.
Derivable forms: khāṇḍam (खाण्डम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—(1) m., seems to be used not at the end of cpds. in the sense of quantity, mass, large number (as in Sanskrit), but in apposition to the noun, as separate word, if we may trust the reading: ye cānye parvatāḥ khaṇḍāḥ (2 mss. cited as puṣṭāḥ, ghuṣṇāḥ) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 355.6, and whatever other mountains there are, quantities of them (?); (2) name of the chief minister of a king of Videha: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.3.17 ff.
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Khāṇḍa (खाण्ड).—[, read khāṇu, q.v.; compare Senart Mahāvastu i p. xii: Mahāvastu i.215.14 = ii.18.10 (verse), read, apagata-tṛṇa-khāṇu (mss. reported khāṇḍa; in i.215.14 Senart em. khaṇḍa)- pattra-saṃkāraṃ (see s.v. saṃkāra). For Sanskrit khaṇḍa a corruption khāṇḍa is scarcely likely.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. A piece, a part, a fragment, a portion. 2. A chapter, a section. 3. A term in an equation. m.
(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A flaw in a jewel. 2. Treacle or molasses partially dried or candied. n.
(-ṇḍaṃ) 1. A sort of sugar cane. 2. Black salt. E. khaḍi to break, and ghañ affix or khan to tear, affix ḍa, and na changed to ṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—m. and n. 1. Breaking up, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 105, 3. (The sense is: You alone are able to avert this breaking up of the kingdom, [which is] like a bridge broken by a great torrent of water, etc.). 2. A piece. 3. A part. 4. The section of a work. 5. A group, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 108. 6. A multitude.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—[adjective] broken, crippled, defective, not full (moon). [masculine] [neuter] break, fragment, piece, part, section (of a book), sickle (of the moon); number, multitude.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड):—[from khaṇḍ] mf(ā)n. broken, having chasms or gaps or breaks, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pāṇini 2-1, 30; Kāśikā-vṛtti]
2) [v.s. ...] deficient, defective, crippled (cf. ṣaṇḍa), [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xvi, 18, 18 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
3) [v.s. ...] (in [compound] or ifc. [Pāṇini 2-2, 38; Patañjali])
4) [v.s. ...] not full (as the moon), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]; Subhāṣitāvali]
5) [v.s. ...] mn. ([gana] ardharcādi) ‘a break or gap’, cf. kedāra-kh
6) [v.s. ...] a piece, part, fragment, portion, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Meghadūta] etc. (indoḥ kh or tārādhipa-kh cf. also khaṇḍendu ‘the crescent’ [Prasannarāghava])
7) [v.s. ...] treacle or molasses partially dried, candied sugar, [Bhāvaprakāśa; Naiṣadha-carita; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] a section of a work, part, chapter (e.g. of [Aitareya-āraṇyaka; Kena-upaniṣad] etc.)
9) [v.s. ...] a continent, [Gaṇitādhyāya]
10) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) a term in an equation, [Gaṇitādhyāya]
11) [v.s. ...] mn. a party, number, multitude, assemblage, [Mahābhārata] (sometimes not to be distinguished from ṣaṇḍa), [Rāmāyaṇa i, 30, 15 etc.] (ifc. m. or n. cf. [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 4-2, 38 and 51])
12) [v.s. ...] m. a flaw in a jewel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] a calf with horns half grown, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
14) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure
15) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people ([varia lectio] ṣaṇḍa), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
16) [v.s. ...] n. a variety of sugar-cane, [Horace H. Wilson]
17) [v.s. ...] black salt (viḍ-lavaṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. uttara-, karka-, kāla-, kāśī-, śrī-, sitā-.)
18) Khāṇḍa (खाण्ड):—n. ([from] khaṇḍa), the state of having fractures or fissures or gaps [gana] pṛthv-ādi.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+175): Khanda bhatta, Khanda-catura, Khanda-kshetra, Khanda-sphutita-jirn-oddhara, Khandabakari, Khandabhatta, Khandabhra, Khandacela, Khandacora, Khandacori, Khandada, Khandadanda, Khandadanem, Khandadanta, Khandadeva, Khandadeviyaputta, Khandadhara, Khandadi, Khandadoha, Khandadravya.
Ends with (+260): Abhrakhanda, Adipada Punnaga Khanda, Akhanda, Akkhakhanda, Ambarakhanda, Ambhojakhanda, Ambikakhanda, Anumanakhanda, Arbudacalakhanda, Aryakhanda, Ashirvadakhanda, Ashtakhanda, Asurakhanda, Atharvanakhanda, Avantikakhanda, Avantikhanda, Avantyakhanda, Ayodhyakhanda, Badarikakhanda, Bailakhanda.
Full-text (+933): Padma Purana, Akhanda, Khandakhanda, Khandika, Khandavirana, Khandavika, Khandada, Khandaparashava, Khandamodaka, Khandapala, Khandalanem, Khandasharkara, Khandaka, Kashikhanda, Pratyakshakhanda, Khandadhara, Vrikshakhanda, Kshitikhanda, Khandaita, Kashthakhanda.
Search found 76 books and stories containing Khanda, Khaṇḍa, Khaṇḍā, Khandā, Khāṇḍa, Khāṇḍā, Khānda, Khāndā, Khaṇda; (plurals include: Khandas, Khaṇḍas, Khaṇḍās, Khandās, Khāṇḍas, Khāṇḍās, Khāndas, Khāndās, Khaṇdas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
13. The Skanda Purāṇa < [Preface]
10. The Brahma-vaivartta Purāṇa < [Preface]
2. The Padma Purāṇa < [Preface]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 125 - The Merit of Listening to or Reciting This Purāna < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Bodhinyana (by Ajahn Chah)