Khanda, Khaṇḍa, Khamda: 34 definitions


Khanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to “combination of the three karaṇas”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, it is one of the four classes of ‘movements of the feet’. These movements are part of the ‘physical representation’ (āṅgika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—The son of Jambha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 78.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—tad. affix applied to कमल, अम्भोज (kamala, ambhoja) etc. in the sense of समूह (samūha), e. g. कमलखण्डम, अम्भोजखण्डम (kamalakhaṇḍama, ambhojakhaṇḍama), also to the words वृक्ष (vṛkṣa) and its synonyms, e. g. वृक्षखण्डः, तरुखण्डः (vṛkṣakhaṇḍaḥ, tarukhaṇḍaḥ) etc.; cf. Kāś on P. IV.2.38, 51.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to “raw sugar”, according to the Arthaśāstra II.15.15, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Chewing of sugarcane (ikṣu) is referred to in Atharvaveda. Pāṇini mentions the plantations of sugar cane. Kauṭilya mentions of some products of sugarcane such as phāṇita (inspissated juice of sugarcane), guḍa (jaggery), khaṇḍa (raw sugar), matsyaṇḍikā (sugar candy) and śarkarā (sugar).

Suśruta (Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 45.163) also states that if the derivatives of sugar cane like guḍa, śarkarā, khaṇḍa, phāṇita become more white, they become more cold, sweeter, more pure and more difficult to digest.

Khaṇḍa (“candied sugar”) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., kṣīrabhava]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., khaṇḍa (candied sugar)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Khaṇḍa has 13 mātrās in each of its four lines ((4, 4, 5).—Note: Khaṇḍa, Saṃgalitā, Padagalitā, Sundarāgalitā, Jyotsnā Upakhaṇḍa and Uddohaka are but other names of the Apsarovilasita.—[Apsarovilasita has 13 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 6, 4 and 3 mātrās or 4, 4 and 5 mātrās or 5, 5 and 3 mātrās.]

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to a “broken sun”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun should appear like a pot; he brings on hunger and death; if he should appear broken [i.e., khaṇḍa], the reigning prince dies; if without rays, mankind will be afflicted with fears; if like a gate, then the capital city, if like an umbrella then the country, will perish. If the sun should appear like a flag staff, or a bow, or quivering or of sharp rays he will bring on wars; if there should appear black lines on his disc the reigning prince will die by the hand of his own minister”.

2) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to a country belonging to “Nairṛtī (south-western division)” classified under the constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā represent the south-western division consisting of [i.e., Khaṇḍa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) (Cf. Cheda/Āccheda) refers to the “cutting (of the topknot)”, according to the Jñānaratnāvalī, (p. 266).—Accordingly, “[...] And it is said: The nirvāṇadīkṣā is twofold, [divided into] the mundane (laukikī) [kind] and the śivadharmiṇī. The mundane is known to be for householders, the śivadharmiṇī for ascetics. In the lokadharmiṇī initiation there is no cutting of the topknot. The initiation in which the topknot is cut off (śikhā-khaṇḍa) is the śivadharmiṇī”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to a valley between two mountains.

2) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to a section of a book. .

Source: Vaniquotes: Hinduism

A valley between two mountains is called a khaṇḍa or varṣa. There are nine khaṇḍas, known as

  1. Bhārata,
  2. Kinnara,
  3. Hari,
  4. Kuru,
  5. Hiraṇmaya,
  6. Ramyaka,
  7. Ilāvṛta,
  8. Bhadrāśva and
  9. Ketumāla.

These are different parts of Jambudvīpa.

Source: Wahiduddin’s Web: Glossary for The Spiritual Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan

1) khanda = laughing, smiling;

2) Khanda ( खण्ड, khanda), the rhythm of five beats. See tāla (meter, rhythm)

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1) The chief disciple of Vipassi Buddha (D.ii.11, 40; Bu.xx.28; J.i.41), whose step brother he was. The Buddha preached his first sermon to Khanda and his friend Tissa, the chaplains son, in the Deer Park at Khema. Later, Khanda became the Buddhas chief disciple Ekasannaka (BuA.196; AA.i.80; DA.ii.416; see also 457), in a previous birth, once gave alms to Khanda. Ap.i.121.

2) Khanda - Name of a god, the Pali equivalent of the Sanskrit Skanda, mentioned with Siva in the Udana Commentary. UdA.351.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Khaṇḍa).

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to the “sections” (of a continent), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, [while explaining the water-circle (jalacakra)]: “[...] This, the Jambū continent, is thereby divided into twelve sections (khaṇḍa). The ocean is named Saline—all creatures belonging to it are associated with the moisture-born [deities on the Water Circle]. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) refers to one of the six types of division (bheda) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—What is the meaning of khaṇḍa? Fragments of a pitcher when broken is called khaṇḍa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Khaṇda.—(IE 8-4; EI 23), a territorial division; the sub- division of a deśa. (IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Cf. nava-khaṇḍa (IE 8-4), ‘having nine divisions’; an epithet of Bhārata or Bhārata-varṣa. (EI 30), a habitation. (EI 3, 24), also called khaṇḍi; a land measure. See khaṇḍaka. Cf. Tamil kaṇḍam (SITI), a portion of the mukha- maṇḍapa of a temple. Note: khaṇda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Khaṇḍa or Khaṇḍā.—(IA 15), a sword. Note: khaṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

1) Khaṃḍa (खंड) refers to one of the five kinds of Kathā, as mentioned by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] The poet mentions five kinds of Kathās (4.5): [e.g., khaṃḍa-kahā] [...] His disquisition on the nature of the different Kathās according to the metres, topics, serious or humourous, and style of writing is very enlightening and shows the richness of Kathā literature during his time.

2) Khaṃda (खंद) (=Skanda) refers to one of the deities being worshiped in ancient India.—Page 256.31-2 ff.: Here is a mixed list of 25 gods and Godlings of all religions. These were worshipped and propitiated to obtain favours. The list includes [e.g., Khaṃda (Skanda)] [...].

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Khanda in India is the name of a plant defined with Ephedra major in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Chaetocladus monostachys J. Nelson (among others).

2) Khanda is also identified with Saccharum officinarum It has the synonym Saccharum officinarum var. violaceum Pers. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Caryologia (1984)
· Öfversigt af Förhandlingar: Kongl. Svenska VetenskapsAkademien (1855)
· Monographiae Phanerogamarum (1889)
· Flore de la Polynésie Française (1892)
· Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn (1862)
· Pl. Corom. (1819)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Khanda, for example extract dosage, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

khaṇḍa : (m.) a bit; broken piece; candy. (adj.), broken.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍa, (frequent spelt kaṇḍa (q. v.). Cp. Sk. khaṇḍa; explained at Dhtp 105 as “chedana”) 1. (adj.) broken, usually of teeth; Th. 2, 260 (=ThA. 211); Miln. 342; Vism. 51. ‹-› 2. (m. nt.) a broken piece, a bit, camma° a strip of hide Vin. II, 122; coḷa° a bit of cloth PvA. 70; pilotika° bits of rags PvA. 171; pūva° a bit of cake J. III, 276;— akhaṇḍa unbroken, entire, whole, in —kārin (sikkhāya) fulfilling or practising the whole of (the commandments) Pv IV. 343 and °sīla observing fully the sīla-precepts Vv 113; cp. Vism. 51 & Bdhd 89.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khaṇḍa (खंड).—m (S) A fine, mulct, amercement; a contribution levied on towns by an invading enemy; an exaction from persons as the price of their deliverance. 2 A contract of work; an agreement for work by the great. 3 Intermission or break (in a work, in any duration or extension). 4 n A piece, bit, fragment, portion. 5 A section, a part, a division of a book or subject. 6 A division of jambudvīpa. There are nine such. See navakhaṇḍa. 7 A style of poetical composition. khaṇḍēṃ khaṇḍēṃ or khaṇḍavikhaṇḍa karūna ṭākaṇēṃ To break in pieces, to shatter.

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khaṇḍā (खंडा).—m A sort of sword. It is straight and twoedged. See khāṇḍā.

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khandā (खंदा).—m f P Spite or grudge. v lāva, kara.

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khandā (खंदा).—a ( P) High mettled or mettlesome-- a horse: fiery, savage, daring, impetuous--a man: wild, wilful, prankish--a child.

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khāṇḍa (खांड).—f (khaṇḍa S) A break or opening in a dam or mound; a crack or fissure in a wall &c. 2 A jag, indentation, denticulation. 3 A gap in the teeth. 4 A brown and coarse kind of sugar. 5 n A beam, or a stout and squared piece of timber. 6 A bit or piece (of certain things; as of betelnut, the marking nut, turmeric, sandal wood, dry cowdung). 7 A flock (of sheep or goats). 8 A chump or division of a tree. 9 A division of a field.

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khāṇḍā (खांडा).—m A kind of sword, straight, broad-bladed, two-edged, and round-ended. 2 A jag, notch, or indentation (as upon the edge of a tool or weapon). 3 A rough furrow, ravine, gully.

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khānda (खांद).—f R & W (Usually khāndī) A bough or branch (esp. a large one.)

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khānda (खांद).—m (khāndā) The shoulder, or the upper part of the back, or the back of the neck (of men or beasts); when considered with reference to carrying or to burdens. Ex. pālakhīlā khānda ghātalā- dilhā; khānda ālā; khānda sujalā. 2 fig. Familiarity or skill by use or practice, habituation. v paḍa. 3 Grain given in return for the services of a borrowed ox, buffalo &c. 4 Contending or coping with; as in khānda bāndhaṇēṃ or karaṇēṃ with sīṃ of o. To set one's self against; to assume the attitude of opposition or rivalry; to vie with. 4 Rubbedness or soreness of shoulder (from carrying or bearing). v . khānda cōraṇēṃ To hold in or spare the shoulder (from the yoke). khānda dēṇēṃ To lend the shoulder to, lit. fig.

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khāndā (खांदा).—m (skandha S) A shoulder. 2 The yoke-rest of a bullock. 3 That part of the trunk of a tree at which commences the furcation or shooting into branches. 4 Amongst bearers. A shoulder's work; a shoulder's run. 5 The shoulder or top of the back considered as the carrying or bearing place. 6 Familiarity or skill by use or practice, habituation, inuredness. v paḍa. 7 W An arm or a large bough of a tree. khāndyākhālīṃ padara (Whose padara passes under her shoulder instead of passing over it. See padara Sig. VII.) A term for a wanton or immodest woman. khāndyācā (baila &c.) Draught (bullock &c.) khāndyā- vara (mēkhā, gāṇṭhōḍēṃ &c.) dēṇēṃ To turn out (of office or service); to pack off with bag and baggage. khāndyāsa lāgaṇēṃ To be occupied as a bearer of a bier or a corpse.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

khaṇḍa (खंड).—n A piece, a section. m A fine. A contract of work. Intermission. A continent.

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khandā (खंदा).—a High-mettled; fiery; wild. m Spite.

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khāṇḍa (खांड).—f A break in a dam. A jag, a gap in the teeth. A brown kind of sugar. n A beam. A bit.

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khāṇḍā (खांडा).—m A kind of sword. A jag. A rough furrow.

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khānda (खांद).—f A bough. m The shoulder.

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khāndā (खांदा).—m A shoulder; the yoke-rest of a bullock. khāndā dēūna kāma karaṇēṃ To co- operate with zeal; to put one's shoulder to the wheel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—a. [khaṇḍ-ghañ]

1) Broken, divided, torn asunder; °देवकुलम् (devakulam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2 a temple in ruins.

2) Having chasms, gaps or breaks.

3) Defective, deficient.

-ṇḍaḥ, -ṇḍam 1 A break, chasm, gap, fissure, fracture.

2) A piece, part, fragment, portion; दिवः कान्तिमत्खण्डमेकम् (divaḥ kāntimatkhaṇḍamekam) Meghadūta 3; काष्ठ°, मांस° (kāṣṭha°, māṃsa°) &c.

3) A section of a work, chapter.

4) A multitude, an assemblage, group; छित्त्वा कर्पूरखण्डान्वृतिमिह कुरुते कोद्रवाणां समन्तात् (chittvā karpūrakhaṇḍānvṛtimiha kurute kodravāṇāṃ samantāt) Bhartṛhari 2.1; तरुखण्डस्य (tarukhaṇḍasya) K.23; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.23, 8.1.

5) A term in an equation.

6) A continent.

-ṇḍaḥ 1 Candied sugar.

2) A flaw in a jewel.

-ṇḍam 1 A kind of salt.

2) A sort of sugar-cane. (In comp. -khaṇḍa means 'partial', 'incomplete').

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Khāṇḍa (खाण्ड).—The state of having fractures or gaps.

Derivable forms: khāṇḍam (खाण्डम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—(1) m., seems to be used not at the end of cpds. in the sense of quantity, mass, large number (as in Sanskrit), but in apposition to the noun, as separate word, if we may trust the reading: ye cānye parvatāḥ khaṇḍāḥ (2 mss. cited as puṣṭāḥ, ghuṣṇāḥ) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 355.6, and whatever other mountains there are, quantities of them (?); (2) name of the chief minister of a king of Videha: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.3.17 ff.

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Khāṇḍa (खाण्ड).—[, read khāṇu, q.v.; compare Senart Mahāvastu i p. xii: Mahāvastu i.215.14 = ii.18.10 (verse), read, apagata-tṛṇa-khāṇu (mss. reported khāṇḍa; in i.215.14 Senart em. khaṇḍa)- pattra-saṃkāraṃ (see s.v. saṃkāra). For Sanskrit khaṇḍa a corruption khāṇḍa is scarcely likely.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. A piece, a part, a fragment, a portion. 2. A chapter, a section. 3. A term in an equation. m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A flaw in a jewel. 2. Treacle or molasses partially dried or candied. n.

(-ṇḍaṃ) 1. A sort of sugar cane. 2. Black salt. E. khaḍi to break, and ghañ affix or khan to tear, affix ḍa, and na changed to ṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—m. and n. 1. Breaking up, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 105, 3. (The sense is: You alone are able to avert this breaking up of the kingdom, [which is] like a bridge broken by a great torrent of water, etc.). 2. A piece. 3. A part. 4. The section of a work. 5. A group, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 108. 6. A multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड).—[adjective] broken, crippled, defective, not full (moon). [masculine] [neuter] break, fragment, piece, part, section (of a book), sickle (of the moon); number, multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khaṇḍa (खण्ड):—[from khaṇḍ] mf(ā)n. broken, having chasms or gaps or breaks, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pāṇini 2-1, 30; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

2) [v.s. ...] deficient, defective, crippled (cf. ṣaṇḍa), [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xvi, 18, 18 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] (in [compound] or ifc. [Pāṇini 2-2, 38; Patañjali])

4) [v.s. ...] not full (as the moon), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]; Subhāṣitāvali]

5) [v.s. ...] mn. ([gana] ardharcādi) ‘a break or gap’, cf. kedāra-kh

6) [v.s. ...] a piece, part, fragment, portion, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Meghadūta] etc. (indoḥ kh or tārādhipa-kh cf. also khaṇḍendu ‘the crescent’ [Prasannarāghava])

7) [v.s. ...] treacle or molasses partially dried, candied sugar, [Bhāvaprakāśa; Naiṣadha-carita; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] a section of a work, part, chapter (e.g. of [Aitareya-āraṇyaka; Kena-upaniṣad] etc.)

9) [v.s. ...] a continent, [Gaṇitādhyāya]

10) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) a term in an equation, [Gaṇitādhyāya]

11) [v.s. ...] mn. a party, number, multitude, assemblage, [Mahābhārata] (sometimes not to be distinguished from ṣaṇḍa), [Rāmāyaṇa i, 30, 15 etc.] (ifc. m. or n. cf. [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 4-2, 38 and 51])

12) [v.s. ...] m. a flaw in a jewel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a calf with horns half grown, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

14) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure

15) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people ([varia lectio] ṣaṇḍa), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

16) [v.s. ...] n. a variety of sugar-cane, [Horace H. Wilson]

17) [v.s. ...] black salt (viḍ-lavaṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. uttara-, karka-, kāla-, kāśī-, śrī-, sitā-.)

18) Khāṇḍa (खाण्ड):—n. ([from] khaṇḍa), the state of having fractures or fissures or gaps [gana] pṛthv-ādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड):—[(ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ)] 1. m. n. A piece, a section. m. Flaw in a jewel; treacle. n. Sugar-cane; black salt.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Khaṇḍa (खण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khaṃḍa, Khaṃḍā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Khanda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Khaṃḍa (खंड) [Also spelled khand]:—(nm) a portion, part, fragment, piece, bit; scrap; lump; chunk; section; clause; block; segment; canto; volume; factor; region; division; —[kathā] a small narrative/tale; ~[kāvya] a long episodic poem (not fulfilling the requirements of an epic), a near-epic poem, epicoid;—[khaṃḍa] broken/turned into pieces; fragmented; —[pralaya] partial deluge; —[vākya] a clause.

2) Khāṃḍa (खांड) [Also spelled khand]:—(nf) unrefined sugar.

3) Khāṃḍā (खांडा):—([ḍā]) (nm) a big broad sword; —[bajanā] fighting to ensue/commence.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Khaṃḍa (खंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Khaṇḍaya.

2) Khaṃḍa (खंड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Khaṇḍa.

3) Khaṃḍa (खंड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Khaṇḍa.

4) Khaṃḍā (खंडा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Khaṇḍa.

5) Khaṃḍā (खंडा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Khaṇḍā.

6) Khaṃda (खंद) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Skanda.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Khaṃḍa (ಖಂಡ):—

1) [noun] a part or fragment broken or separated from the whole; a piece.

2) [noun] sugar cast into flat pieces; candied sugar.

3) [noun] a gathering of people; a crowd.

4) [noun] the flesh of animals (used as food).

5) [noun] a section or division of a book; a chapter.

6) [noun] any of the main continuous expanses of land (Europe, Asia, Africa, North and South America, Australia, Antarctica); a continent.

7) [noun] the moon as appeared in a curved sickle shape (as in waxing or waning stage); the crescent.

8) [noun] a unit of time in music, having five short rhythmic syllales.

9) [noun] (dance.) a rhythmical moving on the floor with both the legs.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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