Akhanda, Akhaṇḍa, Akhamda: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Akhanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड) refers to “not broken” (e.g., an unbroken circle), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The aggregate, enveloped in bliss, functions within bliss. (Thus) there comes about the equilibrium (samatva) of the mind, which is the bliss of emission (udbhava). In the middle of that is the subtle Liṅga, the Divine Liṅga that faces downwards. It stands in the centre of the Supreme Sky, in the middle of the Circle of the Moon. The round form of the Point which the texts commonly refer to as an ‘unbroken circle’ (akhaṇḍa-maṇḍala), like its sky-like 'emptiness', similarly symbolizes the all-embracing nature of the core energy. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड, “faultless”) or Akhaṇḍaśīla refers to the “morality without faults”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “if, with the exception of the four grave offenses formulated in the fivefold discipline (pañcaśīla), one violates all the other serious precepts, this is a violation ‘with faults’ (khaṇḍa). The other wrongdoings are ‘cracks ‘ (chidra)”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड) refers to “unimpaired (morality)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to Brahmā Prabhāvyūha: “[...] (17) Further, ‘the root of good’ is to give away all possessions, ‘merit’ is non-expectation of reward, and ‘knowledge’ is to give a gift without conceit and to transform it into awakening. (18) Further, ‘the root of good’ is to keep discipline, ‘meirt’ is unimpaired morality (akhaṇḍa-śīla), and ‘knowledge’ is to transform the unconditioned morality into awakening. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

akhaṇḍa (अखंड).—a (S a & khaṇḍa Piece, bit.) Undivided, unbroken, whole. 2 Unpieced; not made up of pieces; one throughout. 3 Continuous, uninterrupted, unintermitted, unending, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

akhaṇḍa (अखंड).—a Endless; entire; undivided; whole. Unpieced, one throughout. Continuous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड).—a. [khaṇḍ-ghañ, na. ta.] Unbroken, whole, entire, complete; अखण्डं पुण्यानां फलमिव (akhaṇḍaṃ puṇyānāṃ phalamiva) Ś.2.1.; अखण्डकलः शशी (akhaṇḍakalaḥ śaśī) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.2.; with undiminished orb, full; निर्जिगाय मुखमिन्दु- मखण्डम् (nirjigāya mukhamindu- makhaṇḍam) Kirātārjunīya 9.38; अखण्डेन तपसा (akhaṇḍena tapasā) 1.63; undisturbed सुन्द- स्त्रीदमनेप्यखण्डयशसः (sunda- strīdamanepyakhaṇḍayaśasaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.34 u.1.; of untarnished, unsullied fame; °द्वादशी (dvādaśī) the 12th day of the bright half of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa).

-ṇḍam adv. Uninterruptedly; अखण्डमाखण्डलतुल्यधामभिश्चिरं धृता (akhaṇḍamākhaṇḍalatulyadhāmabhiściraṃ dhṛtā) Kirātārjunīya 1.29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड).—mfn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍā-ṇḍaṃ) All, entire. E. a neg. and khaṇḍa a part.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड).—adj., f. ḍā, entire, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 43.

Akhaṇḍa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and khaṇḍa (खण्ड).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड).—[adjective] undivided, indivisible; whole, entire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड):—[=a-khaṇḍa] mfn. not fragmentary, entire, whole

2) [v.s. ...] n. time, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (a-khaṇḍā dvā-daśī), the twelfth day of the first half of the month Mārgaśīrṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍā-ṇḍam) All, entire. (akhaṇḍā dvādaśī is the 12th day of the first half of the month Mārgaśīrṣa in the lunar year of the Hindus.) E. a priv. and khaṇḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड):—[a-khaṇḍa] (ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍā-ṇḍaṃ) a. Unbroken, entire, full, complete.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Akhaṇḍa (अखण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Akkhaṃḍa, Akhaṃḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Akhanda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Akhaṃḍa (अखंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Akhaṇḍa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Akhaṃḍa (ಅಖಂಡ):—[adjective] not fragmented; unbroken; undivided; entire; whole; continuous; uninterrupted.

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Akhaṃḍa (ಅಖಂಡ):—[noun] the Supreme Being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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