Bheda, Bheḍā, Bheḍa: 23 definitions


Bheda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bheda (भेद, “explosion”):—The last of the six stages of Saṃprāpti (‘pathogenesis’).—It is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Saṃprāpti is an important clue for medical diagnosis (nidāna).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bheda (भेद) refers to “differentiations” which cease due to perfect knowledge (vijñāna), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, while explaining details of worship:—“[...] Bhakti (devotion) is generated by worship and it gives birth to knowledge (jñāna). Knowledge (jñāna) leads to perfect knowledge (vijñāna) and realisation of the supreme Brahman (Parabrahman). When there is perfect knowledge, differentiations (bheda) cease altogether. When differentiation ceases, the misery of mutually clashing opposites (dvandvaduḥkha) vanishes. He who is free from the tangle of opposites and the miseries attendant on them assumes the form of Śiva (śivarūpa)”.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Bheḍā (भेडा) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—These Goddesses (eg., Bheḍā) form the shining galaxy of female deities worshipped by the people of Kaśmīra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bheda (भेद).—One of the upāyas; to be used against the wicked, the insolent and the proud; makes the enemy afraid of himself and brings him under his control; this upāya is praised by statesmen; the king must endeavour to practise this against the enemy through his cognates.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 222. 2; 223, 1, 4, 15.

1b) A son of Ṛkṣa; had five sons, Mudgala and others among whom were distributed the kingdom later known as Pāñcāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 195.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Bheda (भेद, “dissention”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

2) Bheda (भेद, “incitement”) refers to the ‘the hatching of’ a conspiracy. Bheda represents one of the twelve mukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Mukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the opening part (mukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Natya Shastra

Bheda (भेद).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘introduction segment’ (mukhasandhi);—(Description:) That which is meant for disrupting an union is called Incitement (bheda).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Bheda (भेद) refers to category of declaration on Brahman and Ātman.—Bheda-śruti refers to those affirming identity between Atman and Brahman.

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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Bheda (भेद).—Difference, differentiation; .cf. सति भेदे र्किचित्समानमिति कृत्वा सवर्णसंज्ञा भविष्यति (sati bhede rkicitsamānamiti kṛtvā savarṇasaṃjñā bhaviṣyati) M. Bh. on P. I.1.9, Vārt. 2.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bheda (भेद).—Occultation of a star. Note: Bheda is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bheḍa (भेड) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Bheḍī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Bheḍa] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Bheda (भेद, “division”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—“Sound (śabda), union (bandha), fineness (saukṣmya), grossness (sthaulya), shape (saṃsthāna), division (bheda), darkness (tamas or andhakāra), image (chāya or chāyā), warm light (sunshine) (ātapa) and cool light (moonlight) (udyota) also (are forms of matter)”.

 How many types of divisions (bheda) are there? There are six types of division namely utkara, cūrṇa, khaṇḍa, cūrṇika, pratara, anucaṭana.

According to Tattvārthasūtra 5.26, “(Molecules) are formed by division (fission), union (fusion) and division-cum-union”.—What is meant by division or fission (bheda)? Splitting of an aggregate is called fission. How does fusion (saṃghāta) and fission (bheda) together create an aggregate (skandha)? When one aggregate separates or is divided into sub aggregate and one of such divisions combine with another aggregate, then we get a new aggregate by fusion and fission.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of the philosophy of Jainism

Bheda (भेद) refers to one of the manifestations of matter or pudgala.—Bheda is of six types, viz., (i) utkara—sawing a piece of wood; (ii) cūrṇa—grinding of wheat into flour; (iii) khaṇḍa—separate parts of a broken pitcher; (iv) cūrṇikā—separation of chaff from rice;(v) pratara—dividing mica into many layers and (vi) aṇucaṭana—causing spark of fire to fly out from a glowing ball of iron etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bheda : (m.) breach; disunion; dissension.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bheda, (fr. bhid, cp. Ved. & Class. Sk. bheda in same meanings) 1. breaking, rending, breach, disunion, dissension Vism. 64 sq. (contrasted with ānisaṃsa), 572 sq. (with ref. to upādāna & bhava); VbhA. 185 (id.); Sdhp. 66, 457, 463.—mithu° breaking of alliance D. II, 76; J. IV, 184; Kvu 314.—vacī° breaking of (the rule as to) speech Miln. 231.—saṅgha° disunion in the Saṅgha Vin. II, 203.—sīla° breach of morality J. V, 163.—Abl. bhedā after the destruction or dissolution in phrase kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā, i.e. after the breaking up of the body & after death: see kāya I. e. & cp. D. III, 52, 146 sq. , 258; Dh. 140; Pug. 51.—2. (-°) sort, kind, as adj. consisting of, like J. II, 438; VI, 3 (kaṭuk’ādi°); DhA. III, 14 (kāya-sucarit’—ādi°-bhadra-kammāni); SnA 290 (Avīci-ādi-° niraya).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhēḍa (भेड).—a (Poetry.) Timid, fearful, cowardly.

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bhēda (भेद).—m (S) Dividing, separating, severing, sundering, parting. v kara. 2 Divided or separated state. 3 Separateness, separate or distinct state. 4 Difference or diversity gen. 5 Distinguishing, discriminating, noting the diversity of. v kara. 6 A division or distinction; a species, kind, variety (included with others under some genus or head). Ex. vināśa jyācī uttara avasthā bhēda sata kāyī How is that species or kind true (real) of which the end is destruction? 7 Disunion, disagreement, variance. 8 Sowing dissension; breaking the unanimity of allies or confederates. One of the four means of success against an opponent. See sāma, dāma, daṇḍa. 9 Turning (as from a pursuit or purpose); causing change (of mind &c.): also turned or changed state. Ex. hā cākarīsa kabūla jhālā hōtā tumhī hyācā bhēda kēlā mhaṇūna rāhīnā- sā jhālā. 10 Secrets, arcana, secret matters. Ex. hā śāhaṇā āhē tyā rājyāntalā bhēda kāḍhūna ā- ṇīla. 11 In the fourth signification, viz. that of Difference or otherness, bhēda is much and elegantly used in comp. as arthabhēda, śabdabhēda, bhāṣā- bhēda, matabhēda, dharmabhēda, dēśabhēda, dēhabhēda, sthalabhēda, gṛhabhēda, śāstrabhēda. Compounds of this class are highly serviceable, esp. to translators; but, as from the specimens now given their signification and usus are sufficiently intelligible, and as they lie subject to the creating will upon every occasion and to any amount, none are to be looked for in the columns of the dictionary. 12 In philosophy. Difference or otherness. Distinguished into svagata- bhēda, sajātīyabhēda, vijātīyabhēda, Diversity within itself; (as a whole is diverse from its parts, and yet is but its parts aggregately;) diversity of individuals of one species, genus, or order; diversity of things of one class from things of another class.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhēḍa (भेड).—a (In Poetry.) Timid, fearful.

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bhēda (भेद).—m Dividing; difference; variance. Secrets. A distiction.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bheḍa (भेड).—[bhī-ḍa tasya netvam]

1) A ram, sheep.

2) A raft, float.

-ḍī A ewe.

Derivable forms: bheḍaḥ (भेडः).

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Bheda (भेद).—[bhid ghañ]

1) Breaking; splitting, cleaving; hitting (as a mark).

2) Rending, tearing.

3) Dividing, separating.

4) Piercing through, perforation.

5) (a) Breach, rupture. (b) Breaking open, bursting; V.2.7.

6) Disturbance, interruption.

7) Division, separation.

8) A chasm, gap, fissure, cleft.

9) A hurt, injury, wound.

1) Difference, distinction; तयोर्न भेदप्रतिपत्तिरस्ति मे (tayorna bhedapratipattirasti me) Bh.3. 99; अगौरवभेदेन (agauravabhedena) Ku.6.12; Bg.18.19,22. रस°, काल° (rasa°, kāla°) &c.; भेदाभेदयोर्भेदो ग्रहीतव्यः (bhedābhedayorbhedo grahītavyaḥ) ŚB. on MS.1.6.3.

11) A change, modification; न बुद्धिभेदं जनयेदज्ञानां कर्मसङ्गिनाम् (na buddhibhedaṃ janayedajñānāṃ karmasaṅginām) Bg.3.26.

12) Dissension, disunion.

13) Disclosure, betrayal; as in रहस्यभेदः (rahasyabhedaḥ).

14) Treachery, treason; भेदाधीनं कृतं शत्रोः सैन्यं शत्रुबलं स्मृतम् (bhedādhīnaṃ kṛtaṃ śatroḥ sainyaṃ śatrubalaṃ smṛtam) Śukra.4.876.

15) A kind, variety; भेदाः पद्मशङ्खादयो निधेः (bhedāḥ padmaśaṅkhādayo nidheḥ) Ak.; शिरीषपुष्पभेदः (śirīṣapuṣpabhedaḥ) &c.

16) Dualism.

17) (In politics) Sowing dissensions in an enemy's party and thus winning him over to one's side, one of the four Upāyas or means of success against an enemy; see उपाय (upāya) and उपायचतुष्टय (upāyacatuṣṭaya); परम्परं तु ये द्विष्टाः क्रुद्धभीतावमानिताः । तेषां भेदं प्रयुञ्जीत परमं दर्शयेद् भयम् (paramparaṃ tu ye dviṣṭāḥ kruddhabhītāvamānitāḥ | teṣāṃ bhedaṃ prayuñjīta paramaṃ darśayed bhayam) || Agni P.

18) Defeat.

19) (In medicine) Evacuation of the bowels.

2) Shooting pain (in the limbs).

21) Paralysis.

22) Contraction.

23) A conjunction of the planets.

24) The hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle.

Derivable forms: bhedaḥ (भेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bheda (भेद).—a martial art, = bhedya; associated with cheda, q.v.: Mahāvastu ii.74.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheḍa (भेड).—m.

(-ḍaḥ) 1. A ram, a sheep. 2. A raft, a float. 3. The name of a saint. f. (-ḍī) An ewe. E. bhil a Sautra root, to separate, aff. ac, and la changed to ḍa; also with kan added, bheḍaka .

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Bheda (भेद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Dividing, separating. 2. Tearing, rending, breaking, &c. 3. Distinction, kind, sort, species, difference. 4. Disunion, disagreement. 5. Sowing dissension, breaking the unanimity of confederates, one of the means of success against an opponent. 6. Chasm, cleft. 7. Change. 8. Hitting, (as a mark.) 9. Disclosure. 10. Dualism, (in phil.) 11. Evacuation of the bowels, (in medicine.) E. bhid to divide, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheḍa (भेड).—m. A ram.

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Bheda (भेद).—i. e. bhid + a, m. 1. Breaking, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 26. 2. Dividir division, [Pañcatantra] 248, 19. 3. Separatir Panc. 156, 19; separation, [Hitopadeśa] pr. 9, M. M. 4. A chasm, a fissure, a cle- [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 69, 8; a wound, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 1. (and betrayal). 5. Creating divisions [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 198. 6. Disunion; [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 74. 7. Betrayal, [Pañcatantra] 65, 19. 8. Difference, [Pañcatantra] 199, 20. 9. Kind, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 124.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheḍa (भेड).—[masculine] ī [feminine] a man’s & woman’s name.

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Bheda (भेद).—[masculine] breaking, splitting, breach, division, separation, seduction, winning over (of another’s ally), interruption, disturbance, hurt, injury; bursting, expanding, blossoming; alteration, change, difference; fissure, cleft, pudendum muliebre; part, portion; species, variety.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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