Khandika, Khaṇḍika, Khaṇḍikā, Khāṇḍika: 12 definitions

Introduction

Khandika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Khaṇḍikā (गुह्यकुब्जी):—The fifth female attendant deity of the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras), according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. Her name means the ‘broken one’ (Khaṇḍikā) or the ‘crippled one’ (Khañjikā), and she may be conceived of as referring to Kubjikā.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Khaṇḍika (खण्डिक):—One of the three varieties of Manaḥśilā (‘realgar’), which is part of the uparasa group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Its powder has a deep-red color.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Khaṇḍikā is a variety of Manaḥśilā (“Realger”).—It looks deep red on powdering, heavy and snigdha in properties.

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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Khaṇḍika (खण्डिक) is a Sanskrit word referring to a variety of Lathyrus sativus. It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Khaṇḍika is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Khaṇḍika is is light, cold, sweet, slightly astringent and roughening in character. It is beneficial for pitta and kapha and useful as pulses and pastes. Besides this, Kalāya is exceedingly vāta-aggravating.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Kalāya and Satīnahareṇuka. The Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Khandika in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Khaṇḍika (खण्डिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Khaṇḍika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Khaṇḍika or Khaṇdikā.—(EI 22; CII 4; IA 20), measure of capacity; same as khaṇḍī or candy; often regarded as equal to between 800 and 1000 seers. See puṭṭi. Cf. Ṛgveda-khaṇḍikā, a school for teaching the Ṛgveda (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIV, p. 37 and notes). Note: khaṇḍika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Khandika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

khaṇḍikā : (f.) a piece; a broken bit.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍikā, (f.) (fr. khaṇḍa) a broken bit, a stick, in ucchu° Vv 3326 (=ucchu-yaṭṭhi DhA. III, 315). (Page 231)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaṇḍika (खण्डिक).—[khaṇḍ-astyarthe ṭhan]

1) A sugar-boiler.

2) Pease.

3) The armpit.

-kā 1 The food of pease.

2) A kind of air or tune (in music).

Derivable forms: khaṇḍikaḥ (खण्डिकः).

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Khāṇḍika (खाण्डिक).—[khāṇḍava-ṭhan, khaṇḍa-ṭhañ] A confectioner.

Derivable forms: khāṇḍikaḥ (खाण्डिकः).

See also (synonyms): khāṇḍavika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Khaṇḍikā (खण्डिका).—(= Pali id.; in Sanskrit khaṇḍaka is, but °ḍikā apparently is not, used in this precise sense), piece, fragment: Divyāvadāna 31.5 catasraḥ khaṇḍikāḥ kṛtāḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khaṇḍika (खण्डिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Pease. 2. The armpit E. khaḍi to break, ikan aff.

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Khāṇḍika (खाण्डिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A confectioner, a seller of sweetmeats. E. khaṇḍa molasses or coarse sugar, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khaṇḍikā (खण्डिका):—[from khaṇḍaka > khaṇḍ] a f. ? (‘a piece of wood’ [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]), [Pāṇini 3-4, 51; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

2) [v.s. ...] a piece, [Divyāvadāna ii]

3) [v.s. ...] a section of a work

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of air or tune, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) Khaṇḍika (खण्डिक):—[from khaṇḍ] m. ‘one who learns section by section of a work’, pupil (? ‘a sugar-boiler, sugar-baker’ [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]), [Pāṇini 4-2, 45]

6) [v.s. ...] [gana] purohitādi

7) [v.s. ...] pease, [Caraka i, 27] (khaṇḍīka)

8) [v.s. ...] the armpit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi; Pāṇini 4-3, 102]

10) [v.s. ...] (ṣaṇḍika), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

11) [v.s. ...] a [particular] measure of grain, [Inscriptions]

12) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Pāṇini 3-2, 115], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]

13) Khaṇḍikā (खण्डिका):—[from khaṇḍika > khaṇḍ] b f. See ṇḍaka.

14) Khaṇḍīka (खण्डीक):—[from khaṇḍ] m. See ṇḍika.

15) Khāṇḍika (खाण्डिक):—[from khāṇḍa] m. ([from] khaṇḍa), a seller of sugar-plums, confectioner, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) the whole number of pupils, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa iii, 3, 8]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of a school of the black Yajur-veda, [Caraṇa-vyūha]

18) [v.s. ...] n. a multitude of pupils (? cf. khaṇḍ.), [Pāṇini 4-2, 45.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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