Karnika, aka: Karṇika, Karṇikā; 10 Definition(s)


Karnika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karnika in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karṇika (कर्णिक).—Name of a settlement (janapada) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Karṇikā (कर्णिका).—One of the eleven Devakanyakās who sang and danced in the Janmotsava of Arjuna. The others are: Menakā, Sahajanyā, Puñjikasthalā, Ṛtusthalā, Ghṛtācī, Viśvācī, Pūrvacitti, Ullocā, Pramlocā and Urvaśī. (Chapter 123, Ādi Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Karṇikā (कर्णिका).—Wife of Kaṅka and mother of Ṛtadhāman and Jaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 44.

1b) The tendril of the world lotus; Atri regards it as 100 cornered, Bhṛgu as 1000 cornered, Bhāguri, square, Vārṣāyaṇi Sāmudra, Gālava, tray-shaped, Gārgya like braided hair and Kroṣtuki circle-like. Each had only partial knowledge; Brahmā alone knows it entire.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 58-69.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Karṇika (कर्णिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.48, VI.10.58) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Karṇika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Karṇikā (कर्णिका) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the ears (karṇa) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., karṇikā) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Karṇikā (कर्णिका) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘ghaṇṭā’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., karṇikā) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Karnika in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

karṇikā (कर्णिका).—f S The pericarp of a lotus. 2 The middle finger.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karṇika (कर्णिक).—a.

1) Having ears.

2) Having a helm.

-kaḥ A steersman.

-kā 1 An ear-ring; रत्नरञ्जितकर्णिकाम् (ratnarañjitakarṇikām) Śiva. B.2.5; वदनेनाकुलकर्णिकोज्जवलेन (vadanenākulakarṇikojjavalena) Bu. Ch.5.55.

2) A knot, round protuberance.

3) Pericarp of a lotus.

4) A small brush or pen.

5) The middle finger.

6) A fruit-stalk.

7) The tip of an elephant's trunk.

8) Chalk.

9) A trowel.

1) A bawd.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karṇika (कर्णिक).—(1) m. or nt., only in cīvara-k°, edge, border, (of robe), = -karṇaka, q.v.: m. °ko Divy 90.25; 239.27; 577.8; nt. °kāny Divy 350.2; ambiguous as to gender, Divy 90.17, 22; 239.25; 341.3, 4; 345.16; Śikṣ 249.2; (2) nt. (= Sanskrit karṇikā, AMg. kaṇṇiyā), ear-ornament: Mvy 6022 = Tibetan rna cha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Karṇika (कर्णिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Having large or long ears. 2. Having ears. 3. Having a helm. m.

(-kaḥ) A steersman. f.

(-kā) 1. An ear-ring or ornament of the ear. 2. The pericarp of a lotus. 3. The middle finger. 4. The tip of an elephant’s trunk. 5. A fruit-stalk. 6. A pen or small brush. 7. A plant, (Premna spinosa, &c.) see agnimantha. E. karṇa the ear, &c. ika affix; or kan and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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