Karnika, aka: Karṇika, Karṇikā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karnika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Karnika in Purana glossaries]

Karṇika (कर्णिक).—Name of a settlement (janapada) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Karṇikā (कर्णिका).—One of the eleven Devakanyakās who sang and danced in the Janmotsava of Arjuna. The others are: Menakā, Sahajanyā, Puñjikasthalā, Ṛtusthalā, Ghṛtācī, Viśvācī, Pūrvacitti, Ullocā, Pramlocā and Urvaśī. (Chapter 123, Ādi Parva).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Karṇikā (कर्णिका).—Wife of Kaṅka and mother of Ṛtadhāman and Jaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 44.

1b) The tendril of the world lotus; Atri regards it as 100 cornered, Bhṛgu as 1000 cornered, Bhāguri, square, Vārṣāyaṇi Sāmudra, Gālava, tray-shaped, Gārgya like braided hair and Kroṣtuki circle-like. Each had only partial knowledge; Brahmā alone knows it entire.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 58-69.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Karnika in Natyashastra glossaries]

Karṇikā (कर्णिका) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the ears (karṇa) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., karṇikā) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Karnika in Itihasa glossaries]

Karṇika (कर्णिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.48, VI.10.58) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Karṇika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Karnika in Marathi glossaries]

karṇikā (कर्णिका).—f S The pericarp of a lotus. 2 The middle finger.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Karnika in Sanskrit glossaries]

Karṇika (कर्णिक).—a.

1) Having ears.

2) Having a helm.

-kaḥ A steersman.

-kā 1 An ear-ring; रत्नरञ्जितकर्णिकाम् (ratnarañjitakarṇikām) Śiva. B.2.5; वदनेनाकुलकर्णिकोज्जवलेन (vadanenākulakarṇikojjavalena) Bu. Ch.5.55.

2) A knot, round protuberance.

3) Pericarp of a lotus.

4) A small brush or pen.

5) The middle finger.

6) A fruit-stalk.

7) The tip of an elephant's trunk.

8) Chalk.

9) A trowel.

1) A bawd.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 25 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Girikarnika
Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका).—the earth. Girikarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...
Manikarnika
Maṇikarṇikā (मणिकर्णिका).—Name of a sacred pool in Benares. Maṇikarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound ...
Undurukarnika
Undurukarṇikā (उन्दुरुकर्णिका) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with...
Karnikacala
Karṇikācala (कर्णिकाचल).—Name of the mountain सुमेरु (sumeru).Derivable forms: karṇikācalaḥ (कर...
Ushtrakarnika
Uṣṭrakarṇika (उष्ट्रकर्णिक).—An ancient place in South India. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, S...
Undarukarnika
Undarukarṇikā (उन्दरुकर्णिका).—the plant Salvinia Cuccullata. (Mar. undīrakānī).Undarukarṇikā i...
Undurakarnika
Undurakarṇikā (उन्दुरकर्णिका).—the plant Salvinia Cuccullata. (Mar. undīrakānī).Undurakarṇikā i...
Marjalakarnika
Mārjālakarṇikā (मार्जालकर्णिका).—Name of Chāmuṇḍā. Mārjālakarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Varahakarnika
Varāhakarṇikā (वराहकर्णिका).—a kind of missile. Varāhakarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Aviddhakarnika
Āviddhakarṇikā (आविद्धकर्णिका).—Name of a plant (pāṭhā).Āviddhakarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound c...
Abjakarnika
Abjakarṇikā (अब्जकर्णिका).—the seed vessel of lotus. Abjakarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consist...
Padmakarnika
Padmakarṇikā (पद्मकर्णिका).—1) the pericarp of a lotus. 2) the central part of an army arrayed ...
Patrakarnika
Patrakarṇikā (पत्रकर्णिका) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the ears (karṇa) to be w...
Kalakarnika
Kālakarṇikā (कालकर्णिका).—misfortune. Kālakarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...
Bahukarnika
Bahukarṇikā (बहुकर्णिका) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomo...

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