Girikarnika, Giri-karnika, Girikarṇikā, Girikarṇika: 12 definitions



Girikarnika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Girikarnika in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Girikarnika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Girikarṇikā in the Kannada language is another name for Aśvakṣurā, a medicinal plant identified with Clitoria ternatea (Asian pigeonwings, butterfly pea or bluebellvine) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.87-89 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Other than the Kannada word Girikarṇikā, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which fourteen are in Sanskrit.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Clitoria ternatea Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning girikarṇikā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Girikarṇika (गिरिकर्णिक) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Girikarṇika).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Girikarnika in Jainism glossary
Source: Jaina Yoga

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका) in Sanskrit and Girikanni in Prakrit refers to an unknown plant species. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (e.g., girikarṇikā) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cyclopedia of India

Girikarnika is the Sanskrit synonym for the plant Alhagi maurorum, Tourne, according to Edward Balfour in his “Cyclopedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia” (vol. I, p. 76). This shrub grows This shrub grows in the deserts of Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Beluchistan, Sind, in Guzerat, the Southern Mahratta country, at Monghir, Benares, Delhi. It sends forth leavesand flowers, in the hot season, when almost all the smaller plants die, and affords a grateful food for the camel, in desert places.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Girikarnika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका).—the earth.

Girikarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and karṇikā (कर्णिका).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका).—f.

(-kā) The earth. E. giri a mountain, and karṇa an ear, affixes kan and ṭāp; the mountain-eared.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका):—[=giri-karṇikā] [from giri > gir] f., [idem i, iv]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘having mountains for seed-vessels’, the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a variety of Achyranthes with white blossoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका):—f.

1) (giri + karṇikā) die Erde (als Lotusblume gedacht, deren Samenkapseln die Berge bilden) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 1, 1.] —

2) (von girikarṇī) a) Clitoria Ternatea Lin. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta 1, 145, 6. 2, 62, 4. 79, 1.] — b) eine weiss blühende kiṇihī [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका):—f.

1) *die Erde.

2) Clitoria Ternatea [Rājan 3,77.] —

3) *eine Achyranthes Art.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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