Girikarnika, aka: Girikarṇikā, Giri-karnika; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Girikarnika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Girikarnika in Rasashastra glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Girikarnika in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Girikarṇikā in the Kannada language is another name for Aśvakṣurā, a medicinal plant identified with Clitoria ternatea (Asian pigeonwings, butterfly pea or bluebellvine) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.87-89 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Other than the Kannada word Girikarṇikā, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which fourteen are in Sanskrit.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Girikarnika in Jainism glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका) in Sanskrit and Girikanni in Prakrit refers to an unknown plant species. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classifiedas ananta-kāyas (eg., girikarṇikā) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Girikarnika in India history glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Girikarnika is the Sanskrit synonym for the plant Alhagi maurorum, Tourne, according to Edward Balfour in his “Cyclopedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia” (vol. I, p. 76). This shrub grows This shrub grows in the deserts of Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Beluchistan, Sind, in Guzerat, the Southern Mahratta country, at Monghir, Benares, Delhi. It sends forth leavesand flowers, in the hot season, when almost all the smaller plants die, and affords a grateful food for the camel, in desert places.

Source: archive.org: Cyclopedia of India
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girikarnika in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका).—the earth.

Girikarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and karṇikā (कर्णिका).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girikarṇikā (गिरिकर्णिका).—f.

(-kā) The earth. E. giri a mountain, and karṇa an ear, affixes kan and ṭāp; the mountain-eared.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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