Jivatman, Jīvātman, Jiva-atman: 11 definitions
Jivatman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—(The induvidual life or soul). The Aparabrahman (which is next to the highest Brahman) that is so minute and subtle is called Jīvātman. Parabrahman is God almighty. It is mentioned in Taittirīyopaniṣad about this aparabrahman as follows :
"Tasmād vā etasmādātmana ākāśaḥ sambhūtaḥ, ākāśād vāyuḥ vāyoragniḥ, agnerāpaḥ adbhyaḥ pṛthvī pṛthivyā oṣadhayaḥ oṣadhibhyo annam annāt puruṣaḥ sa vā eṣa puruṣo annamayaḥ." (See full article at Story of Jīvātman from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Sanskrit; lit: 'the individual self';
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्) refers to the “individual soul”.—The individual soul is variously called the Bodhisattva (Bodhi Essence), Bodhicitta (Will to Enlightenment), Jīvātman (individual soul) while the Infinite or the Universal soul is variously known as Śūnya Brahma and Paramātman. When they combine in the state of the highest meditation and concentration, an artificial condition akin to deep sleep is brought about, and the deity appears in the mind sky in flashes and sparks. The nature of the Jīvātman being finite, it is not possible to realise the Infinite in its entirety, that is to say, the result of the mystic experience of the Jīvātman also remains finite.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—m. the individual soul enshrined in the human body (as opposed to paramātman 'the Supreme Soul').
Jīvātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jīva and ātman (आत्मन्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tmā) The vital principle or spirit; that spiritual essence which renders bodies susceptible of motion or sensation. E. jīva life, and ātman soul or spirit. jīvati jīva ac karma0 .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—m. the individual soul, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 16, 2.
Jīvātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jīva and ātman (आत्मन्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—[masculine] the living or individual soul.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्):—[from jīva > jīv] m. the living or personal or individual soul (as distinct from the paramāt q.v.), the vital principle, [Tarkasaṃgraha; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, viii; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha iv;vii, 57.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्):—[jīvā+tman] (tmā) 5. m. Animal life, opposed to spiritual life.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्):—(jīva + ātman) m. die lebende, individuelle Seele (Gegens. paramātman): jīvātmā pratiśarīraṃ bhinno vibhurnityaśca [TARKASAM̃GR. 11.] [Colebrooke I, 268. 418.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 16, 2. 8, 22, 25.]
--- OR ---
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्):—die individuelle Seele [SARVADARŚANAS. 50, 18. 51, 13. 53, 2. 54, 1. 84, 15.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्):—m. die individuelle Seele.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 26 books and stories containing Jivatman, Jīvātman, Jiva-atman, Jīva-ātman; (plurals include: Jivatmans, Jīvātmans, atmans, ātmans). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Mimamsa interpretation of Vedic Injunctions (Vidhi) (by Shreebas Debnath)
Tibetan tales (derived from Indian sources) (by W. R. S. Ralston)
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)