Jivatman, Jiva-atman, Jīvātman: 8 definitions

Introduction

Jivatman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jivatman in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—(The induvidual life or soul). The Aparabrahman (which is next to the highest Brahman) that is so minute and subtle is called Jīvātman. Parabrahman is God almighty. It is mentioned in Taittirīyopaniṣad about this aparabrahman as follows :

"Tasmād vā etasmādātmana ākāśaḥ sambhūtaḥ, ākāśād vāyuḥ vāyoragniḥ, agnerāpaḥ adbhyaḥ pṛthvī pṛthivyā oṣadhayaḥ oṣadhibhyo annam annāt puruṣaḥ sa vā eṣa puruṣo annamayaḥ." (See full article at Story of Jīvātman from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sanskrit; lit: 'the individual self';

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्) refers to the “individual soul”.—The individual soul is variously called the Bodhisattva (Bodhi Essence), Bodhicitta (Will to Enlightenment), Jīvātman (individual soul) while the Infinite or the Universal soul is variously known as Śūnya Brahma and Paramātman. When they combine in the state of the highest meditation and concentration, an artificial condition akin to deep sleep is brought about, and the deity appears in the mind sky in flashes and sparks. The nature of the Jīvātman being finite, it is not possible to realise the Infinite in its entirety, that is to say, the result of the mystic experience of the Jīvātman also remains finite.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—m. the individual soul enshrined in the human body (as opposed to paramātman 'the Supreme Soul').

Jīvātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jīva and ātman (आत्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—m.

(-tmā) The vital principle or spirit; that spiritual essence which renders bodies susceptible of motion or sensation. E. jīva life, and ātman soul or spirit. jīvati jīva ac karma0 .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—m. the individual soul, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 16, 2.

Jīvātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jīva and ātman (आत्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्):—[from jīva > jīv] m. the living or personal or individual soul (as distinct from the paramāt q.v.), the vital principle, [Tarkasaṃgraha; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, viii; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha iv;vii, 57.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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