Jivanjivaka, Jīvaṃjīvaka, Jivamjivaka, Jīvañjīvaka: 8 definitions


Jivanjivaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Jivanjivaka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Jīvañjīvaka (जीवञ्जीवक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “common myna” (Acridotheres tristis). The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Jīvañjīvaka is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Jīvañjīvaka (जीवञ्जीवक)—Sanskrit word for a sort of pheasant (or partridge?). This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Jīvaṃjīvaka (जीवंजीवक) refers to a type of bird, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] Songs of a jīvaṃjīvaka bird, peacock, kokila bird, parrot, cakrāṅka, haṃsa, and a bull bring auspiciousness. If [these creatures] are seen, it brings prosperity. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Jivanjivaka in Buddhism glossary
Source: Lotsawa House: Teachings on the Offering of Flowers

Jīvaṃjīvaka in Sanskrit, a mythical bird with two heads or lower body is bird and upper is human

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jivanjivaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvaṃjīvaka (जीवंजीवक).—[masculine] a kind of fowl.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvaṃjīvaka (जीवंजीवक):—[=jīva-ṃ-jīvaka] [from jīva > jīv] m. = -jīva, [Mahābhārata iii; Harivaṃśa 6957; Lalita-vistara; Suśruta; Kādambarī; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Jivanjivaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jivanjivaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jīvaṃjīvaka (ಜೀವಂಜೀವಕ):—[noun] = ಜೀವಂಜೀವ [jivamjiva].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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