Kakajangha, Kākajaṅghā, Kākajaṅgha, Kaka-jangha: 11 definitions



Kakajangha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kakajangha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kākajaṅghā (काकजङ्घा) is a Sanskrit word referring to Peristrophe bicalyculata, a species of plant from the Acanthaceae (acanthus) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The compound Kākajaṅghā is composed of the words Kāka (‘cripple’) and Jaṅghā (‘leg’).

This plant (Kākajaṅghā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kākajaṅghā (काकजङ्घा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Peristrophe bicaliculata Nees.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kākajaṅghā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kākajaṅghā (काकजङ्घा) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.142-143 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Bāpālāl pleads its identity on the authority of Bh. Pr., who named it Masī, as Peristrophe bicalyculata Nees, but this is Pittapāpaḍā according to Choprā. Bāpālāl’s 2nd preferences is for Leea aequata Linn. syn. Leea hirta Roxb. ex Hornem. draws support from Chopra, Viśva Nāth Dvivedī and Surendra Mohan in Kaideva.

Kākajaṅghā is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Dhvāṅkṣajaṅghā, Kākāhvā, Vāyasī, Pārāvatapadī, Dāsī, Nadīkāntā and Sulomaśā.

Properties and characteristics: “Kākajaṅghā is bitter and hot It eradicates worms, wounds and disorders due to kapha. It is successfully used in deafness, dyspepsia and chronic malaria”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kākajaṅgha (काकजङ्घ) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Kākajaṅgha) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kākajaṅgha (काकजङ्घ) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Kākajaṅghakī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Kākajaṅgha] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kakajangha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kākajaṅghā (काकजंघा).—f S A plant, Leea hirta. Rox.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kakajangha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kākajaṅghā (काकजङ्घा).—the Gunja plant.

Kākajaṅghā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāka and jaṅghā (जङ्घा). See also (synonyms): kākaciñcā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kākajaṅghā (काकजङ्घा).—f.

(-ṅghā) A plant, (Leea hirta, Rox. Catalogue; elsewhere described as Leea æquata.) E. kāka, and jaṅghā a thigh; compared to a crow’s leg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kākajaṅghā (काकजङ्घा):—[=kāka-jaṅghā] [from kāka] f. the plant Leea Hirta, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] Abrus precatorius, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kākajaṅghā (काकजङ्घा):—(kāka + jaṅghā) f. Name eines Strauchs, Leea hirta Banks, [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta 2, 116, 18.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1375.] Abrus precatorius [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] Wird von kākanāsā unterschieden [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] (vgl. kākā unter kāka).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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