Hridayangama, Hṛdayaṅgama, Hridaya-gama, Hridayamgama: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Hridayangama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hṛdayaṅgama can be transliterated into English as Hrdayangama or Hridayangama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयङ्गम) refers to “that which is pleasing to the heart”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa verse 2.1-35, while explaining the cycles of the goddesses of consciousness.—Accordingly, “First comes the exposition the nature of the transmission of the sacred seat (pīṭhakrama), having bowed to it, the supreme secret and true seed of the tradition that comes from the mouth of the most excellent teachers. The ground (saṃsthāna) of the Pīṭhakrama, pleasing to the heart (hṛdayaṅgama), will now be explained in relation to the universe of living beings and (insentient) phenomena (bhāva)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयङ्गम) refers to “that which is pleasing and true to facts”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.16 (“Brahmā consoles the gods”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrate to Nārada: “The gods terribly tormented by Tāraka, bowed to and eulogised me, the lord of subjects with great devotion. On hearing the eulogy of the gods pleasing and true to facts [i.e., hṛdayaṅgama] I was highly pleased and replied to the heaven-dwellers thus:—[...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Hṛdayaṅgamī (हृदयङ्गमी) refers to “entering the hearts (of men)”, according to Utpaladeva’s Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikāvṛtti (on the Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā verse 4.16).—Accordingly, “This new, direct path was foretold in the treatise entitled the Śivadṛṣṭi by the venerable Somānanda, whose very appearance is that of the great lord Parameśvara in front of one’s eyes; I have made it [i.e., this path] enter the heart(s) (hṛdayaṅgamī-kṛt) (of men) by furnishing a logical justification for it. By pursuing this [path] one becomes liberated in this very life, this as a result of being (fully) penetrated by Śiva-nature”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयङ्गम) refers to a class of kinnara deities according to both the Digambara and Śvetāmbara traditions. The kinnaras refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The kinnaras are black in complexion and their caitya-vṛkṣas (sacred-tree) is Aśoka according to both traditions.

The deities such as Hṛdayaṅgamas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयंगम).—a S (hṛdaya & gama To go.) Dear, darling, beloved; grateful, pleasant, agreeable; affecting or touching; that goes to the heart.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयंगम).—a Dear, darling; agreeable, grateful; touching, that goes to the heart.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hṛdayaṃgama (हृदयंगम).—a.

1) Heart-stirring, touching, thrilling.

2) Lovely, handsome; Māl.1.

3) Sweet, attractive, pleasant, agreeable; अहो हृदयंगमः परिहासः (aho hṛdayaṃgamaḥ parihāsaḥ) Māl.3; वल्लकी च हृदयंगमस्वना (vallakī ca hṛdayaṃgamasvanā) R.19.13; Ku.2.16.

4) Fit, appropriate.

5) Dear, beloved, cherished; क्व नु ते हृदयंगमः सखा (kva nu te hṛdayaṃgamaḥ sakhā) Ku. 4.24.

-mam An appropriate speech.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयङ्गम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Apposite and proper, (as speech.) 2. Affecting, touching, thrilling. 3. Dear, beloved. 4. Pleasing. E. hṛdaya the heart, gam to go, khaś aff., mum augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛdayaṃgama (हृदयंगम).—i. e. hṛdaya + m-gam + a, adj. 1. Affecting. 2. Touching the heart, sweet, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 19. 13. 3. Dear, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 103, 5; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 79.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛdayaṃgama (हृदयंगम).—[adjective] going to the heart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hṛdayaṃgama (हृदयंगम):—[=hṛdaya-ṃ-gama] [from hṛdaya > hṛd] mf(ā)n. touching the h°, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] coming from the h° (-tā f.), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयङ्गम):—[hṛdaya-ṅgama] (maḥ-mā-maṃ) a. Apposite and fit; affecting, touching; clear.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hṛdayaṃgama (हृदयंगम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hiayaṃgama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hridayangama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hṛdayaṃgama (हृदयंगम) [Also spelled hradayangam]:—(a) taken to heart; mentally assimilated.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hridayangama in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hṛdayaṃgama (ಹೃದಯಂಗಮ):—[adjective] very pleasing, satisfying; arousing or stirring the emotions or feelings.

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Hṛdayaṃgama (ಹೃದಯಂಗಮ):—[noun] very soothing, pleasing speech.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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