Hridayangama, aka: Hṛdayaṅgama; 4 Definition(s)
Hridayangama means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Hṛdayaṅgama can be transliterated into English as Hrdayangama or Hridayangama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)
Hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयङ्गम) refers to a class of kinnara deities according to both the Digambara and Śvetāmbara traditions. The kinnaras refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The kinnaras are black in complexion and their caitya-vṛkṣas (sacred-tree) is Aśoka according to both traditions.
The deities such as Hṛdayaṅgamas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयंगम).—a S (hṛdaya & gama To go.) Dear, darling, beloved; grateful, pleasant, agreeable; affecting or touching; that goes to the heart.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
hṛdayaṅgama (हृदयंगम).—a Dear, darling; agreeable, grateful; touching, that goes to the heart.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Apposite and proper, (as speech.) 2. Affecting, touching, thrilling. 3. Dear, beloved. 4. Pleasing. E. hṛdaya the heart, gam to go, khaś aff., mum augment.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Kinnara (किन्नर).—A sect of Devas all of whom hold Vīṇās in their hands. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter ...
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