Karani, Karaṇī, Kāraṇi: 17 definitions


Karani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Karaṇī (करणी).—1. A surd or non-square number; (lit., making). 2. The side of a rectilinear figure; the side of a square or rectangle. 3. The maker or producer of the required area. Note: Karaṇī is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Indian National Science Academy: Annual Report 2015-16 (astronomy)

Karaṇi (करणि) refers to “surds”, as explained in the pre-7th century Somasiddhānta (chapter 3): an important astronomical treatise containing ten chapters (three hundred thirty five verses) described by Candra to sage Saunaka.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Karaṇī (करणी) refers to the “daughter of a Vaiśya and a Śūdrā”.—In later times Rathakāra is the name of a caste, and its members are supposed to be the offspring of a marriage between a Māhiṣya and a Karaṇī. A Māhiṣya is the son of a Kṣatriya and a Vaiśyā, a Karaṇī the daughter of a Vaiśya and a Śūdrā.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Karaṇī (करणी) refers to the “root” or “surd”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—The symbols for powers and roots are abbreviations of Sanskrit words of those imports and are placed after the number affected. [...] In the Bakhshali treatise the square-root of a quantity is indicated by writing after it , which is an abbreviation for mūla (root). In other treatises the symbol of the square-root is ka (from karaṇī, root or surd) which is usually placed before, the quantity affected.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Karani [करणी] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Manilkara hexandra from the Sapotaceae (Mahua) family having the following synonyms: Mimusops hexandra. For the possible medicinal usage of karani, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Karani [କରଣି] in the Odia language is the name of a plant identified with Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre from the Fabaceae (pea) family having the following synonyms: Millettia pinnata, Pongamia glabra, Derris indica, Cytisus pinnatus.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Karani in India is the name of a plant defined with Daemia extensa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Pergularia extensa (Jacq.) N.E. Br. (among others).

2) Karani is also identified with Pergularia daemia It has the synonym Asclepias convolvulacea Willd. (etc.).

3) Karani is also identified with Pongamia pinnata It has the synonym Cytisus pinnatus L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· FBI (1883)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Chem. Pharm. Bull. (Tokyo)
· Systema Naturae, ed. 12 (1767)
· Jard. Malmaison (1803)
· FBI (1876)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Karani, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karaṇī (करणी).—f (karṇī S) A mason's trowel.

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karaṇī (करणी).—f A tree, Mimusops hexandra. Grah.

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karaṇī (करणी).—f (karaṇēṃ) Presenting (in marriages) of cloths, ornaments &c. to the bridegroom and his party. v kara. 2 Setting or addressing against of any magical process: also an incantation or spell. 3 Verbal of karaṇēṃ though used restrictedly. Ex. hēṃ ka0 nēṃ kēlēṃ; tyācī ka0 vāīṭa This was artificially effected; his proceedings are evil. Used also to signify A marvelous or an extraordinary doing; as hī gōṣṭa ghaḍāvī asēṃ navhatēṃ paṇa dēvācī ka0 hyā muḷēṃ ghaḍalī. Also vicitra ka0 vadāvī || Also saptapātāḷā jhālī tī ka0 aikilī nāhīṃ. 4 S A surd or irrational quantity.

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karaṇī (करणी).—a (See karaṇī) Profuse of presents to the bridegroom and his party;--used of the bride's father &c.

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kāraṇī (कारणी) [or कारणीक, kāraṇīka].—a (kāraṇa S) That causes, conducts, carries on, manages. Applied to the prime minister of a state, the supercargo of a ship &c. 2 Useful, serviceable, answering calls or occasions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

karaṇī (करणी).—f A spell, a marvellous doing. Presenting (in marriage) of cloths, ornaments, &c., to the bridegroom and his party. A mason's trowel.

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kāraṇī (कारणी).—a That causes. Useful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Karaṇī (करणी).—(compare karaṇā, q.v., and kāraṇī), means, cause: Lalitavistara 432.2—3 (twice in one long [compound]) -muditā-prāmodya- karaṇī- (only Calcutta (see LV.) °karaṇa-; one ms. °karī-)-snigdha- madhura-ślakṣṇa-hṛdayaṃgama-sarvendriya-prahlāda-ka- raṇī-(so all mss., only Calcutta (see LV.) °ṇa-)-samyagvākya-samyak- prayogatvād.

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Kāraṇī (कारणी).—(?) , adj. f. or subst. assimilated in gender to f. subject, cause, thing that gives rise to (gen.): Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 109.4 yadi…māyāprakhyā bhrāntis tenānyasyā bhrānteḥ (read bhrāntiḥ with all mss. except one bhrāntyāḥ) kāraṇī bhaviṣyati.But kāraṇībhaviṣyati (one word) may be intended; not however stem *kāraṇin with Suzuki, Index. Cf. karaṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karaṇi (करणि).—f.

(-ṇiḥ) Doing, making, effecting. E. kṛ to do, ami affix; also with kan added karaṇikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karaṇī (करणी):—[from karaṇa > kara] f. a woman of the above mixed tribe, [Yājñavalkya i, 95]

2) [v.s. ...] (with sutā) an adopted daughter, [Rāmāyaṇa ([edition] Gorr.) i, 19, 9]

3) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) a surd or irrational number, surd root

4) [v.s. ...] the side of a square, [Śulba-sūtra] [commentator or commentary] on [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] a particular measure [commentator or commentary] on [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] a particular position of the fingers

7) Karaṇi (करणि):—[from kara] f. doing, making (cf. a-karaṇi)

8) [v.s. ...] form, aspect, [Bālarāmāyaṇa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karaṇi (करणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. f. Doing, effecting.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Karanī (करनी) [Also spelled karni]:—(nf) doing, deed; a mason’s trowel.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karaṇi (ಕರಣಿ):—[noun] = ಕರಣೆ [karane]1.

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Karaṇi (ಕರಣಿ):—[noun] = ಕರಣೆ [karane]2.

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Karaṇi (ಕರಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a woman whose parents belong to different castes or religions.

2) [noun] (math.) a surd or irrational number.

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Karaṇi (ಕರಣಿ):—[noun] = ಕರಣಿಕ [karanika].

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Karaṇi (ಕರಣಿ):—[noun] an elephant’s elongated prehensile nose; the trunk.

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Karaṇi (ಕರಣಿ):—[noun] the plant Aloe perfoliata of Liliaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Karaṇi (கரணி) noun cf. sañjīva-karaṇī. Medicine; மருந்து. மருத்துவன் கைக்கரணியுண்ணே [marunthu. maruthuvan kaikkaraniyunne] (தைலவருக்கச்சுருக்கம் பாயி. [thailavarukkachurukkam payi.] 1).

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Kāraṇi (காரணி) noun < Kāraṇa. Pārvatī; பார்வதிதேவி. (யாழ்ப்பாணத்து மானிப்பாயகராதி) [parvathithevi. (yazhppanathu manippayagarathi)]

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Karaṇi (கரணி) noun < karaṇa. Doer; செய்ப வன். (யாழ்ப்பாணத்து மானிப்பாயகராதி) [seypa van. (yazhppanathu manippayagarathi)]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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