Karani, Karaṇī: 8 definitions

Introduction

Karani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Karaṇī (करणी).—1. A surd or non-square number; (lit., making). 2. The side of a rectilinear figure; the side of a square or rectangle. 3. The maker or producer of the required area. Note: Karaṇī is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Indian National Science Academy: Annual Report 2015-16 (astronomy)

Karaṇi (करणि) refers to “surds”, as explained in the pre-7th century Somasiddhānta (chapter 3): an important astronomical treatise containing ten chapters (three hundred thirty five verses) described by Candra to sage Saunaka.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Karaṇī (करणी) refers to the “daughter of a Vaiśya and a Śūdrā”.—In later times Rathakāra is the name of a caste, and its members are supposed to be the offspring of a marriage between a Māhiṣya and a Karaṇī. A Māhiṣya is the son of a Kṣatriya and a Vaiśyā, a Karaṇī the daughter of a Vaiśya and a Śūdrā.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karaṇī (करणी).—f (karṇī S) A mason's trowel.

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karaṇī (करणी).—f A tree, Mimusops hexandra. Grah.

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karaṇī (करणी).—f (karaṇēṃ) Presenting (in marriages) of cloths, ornaments &c. to the bridegroom and his party. v kara. 2 Setting or addressing against of any magical process: also an incantation or spell. 3 Verbal of karaṇēṃ though used restrictedly. Ex. hēṃ ka0 nēṃ kēlēṃ; tyācī ka0 vāīṭa This was artificially effected; his proceedings are evil. Used also to signify A marvelous or an extraordinary doing; as hī gōṣṭa ghaḍāvī asēṃ navhatēṃ paṇa dēvācī ka0 hyā muḷēṃ ghaḍalī. Also vicitra ka0 vadāvī || Also saptapātāḷā jhālī tī ka0 aikilī nāhīṃ. 4 S A surd or irrational quantity.

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karaṇī (करणी).—a (See karaṇī) Profuse of presents to the bridegroom and his party;--used of the bride's father &c.

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kāraṇī (कारणी) [or कारणीक, kāraṇīka].—a (kāraṇa S) That causes, conducts, carries on, manages. Applied to the prime minister of a state, the supercargo of a ship &c. 2 Useful, serviceable, answering calls or occasions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

karaṇī (करणी).—f A spell, a marvellous doing. Presenting (in marriage) of cloths, ornaments, &c., to the bridegroom and his party. A mason's trowel.

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kāraṇī (कारणी).—a That causes. Useful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Karaṇī (करणी).—(compare karaṇā, q.v., and kāraṇī), means, cause: Lalitavistara 432.2—3 (twice in one long [compound]) -muditā-prāmodya- karaṇī- (only Calcutta (see LV.) °karaṇa-; one ms. °karī-)-snigdha- madhura-ślakṣṇa-hṛdayaṃgama-sarvendriya-prahlāda-ka- raṇī-(so all mss., only Calcutta (see LV.) °ṇa-)-samyagvākya-samyak- prayogatvād.

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Kāraṇī (कारणी).—(?) , adj. f. or subst. assimilated in gender to f. subject, cause, thing that gives rise to (gen.): Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 109.4 yadi…māyāprakhyā bhrāntis tenānyasyā bhrānteḥ (read bhrāntiḥ with all mss. except one bhrāntyāḥ) kāraṇī bhaviṣyati.But kāraṇībhaviṣyati (one word) may be intended; not however stem *kāraṇin with Suzuki, Index. Cf. karaṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karaṇi (करणि).—f.

(-ṇiḥ) Doing, making, effecting. E. kṛ to do, ami affix; also with kan added karaṇikā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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