Gamin, Gami, Gāmin, Gāmī: 19 definitions


Gamin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gāmī (गामी) (Cf. Vicārī) refers to “that which travels through”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Kapāla Ketu is visible on new-moon days; its tail is of the colour of smoke; its course lies through the eastern half of the visible hemisphere; when it appears mankind will suffer from hunger, death, drought and disease. Raudra Ketu is a comet resembling the dagger’s end and is of a dull red colour; it appears in the south-east and travels through a third of the sky [i.e., tribhāga-gāmī] and produces the same effects as the Kapāla Ketu”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Gāmin (गामिन्) (Cf. Gāminī) refers to “one who moves” (toward union with one’s own will), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 10.7cd-17ab, while describing the worship of Bhairavī and Bhairava]—“[Bhairavī] has the appearance of vermillion or lac. [...] [She is] called Icchāśakti [and she] moves toward union with one’s own will (svacchanda-utsaṅga-gāminī). Having celebrated this form, [the mantrin] thinks of her as Aghoreśī. In all Tantras [this] is taught and secret. It is not made clear. My abode is visible by anyone on earth, [but] difficult to obtain. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gāmin (गामिन्) refers to “one who goes (everywhere)” and is used to describe Śiva , according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in disguise of a Brahmin) said to the Lord of Mountains: “O foremost among mountains, I am a Brahmin devotee of Viṣṇu, and a great scholar. My occupation is that of a match-maker. I roam about on the earth. I go where I wish. I go everywhere (gāminsarva gāmī). By the power of my preceptor I am omniscient. I am simple-minded and by nature I help others and I am sympathetic and quell aberrations. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Gami in South Africa is the name of a plant defined with Bauhinia esculenta in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München (1960)
· Travels in the interior of South Africa (1824)
· Kew Bulletin (1976)
· Economic Botany (1987)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gami, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gāmī : (adj.) (in cpds.), one who goes; leading to.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Gāmī (गामी).—a masc (S gāminī a fem) That goes. In comp. as ākāśagāmī, pātālagāmī, pitṛgāmī, mātṛ- gāmī, rājagāmī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Gāmī (गामी).—a m gāminī a f That goes. In comp. ākāśagāmī &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gamin (गमिन्).—a. Intending to go; as in ग्रामंगमी (grāmaṃgamī). -m. A passenger.

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Gāmin (गामिन्).—a. [gam-ṇini] (Only at the end of comp.)

1) Going, moving, walking; वैदिशगामी (vaidiśagāmī) M.5; मृगेन्द्रगामी (mṛgendragāmī) R.2.3 having the gait of a lion; कुब्ज° (kubja°) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.5; अलस° (alasa°) Amaruśataka 51.

2) Riding; द्विरद° (dvirada°) R.4.4.

3) Going or reaching to, extending or applying to, relating to; ननु सखीगामी दोषः (nanu sakhīgāmī doṣaḥ) Ś.4; द्वितीयगामी न हि शब्द एष नः (dvitīyagāmī na hi śabda eṣa naḥ) R.3.49.

4) Leading or going to, accruing to; चित्रकूटगामी मार्गः (citrakūṭagāmī mārgaḥ); कर्तृगामि क्रियाफलम् (kartṛgāmi kriyāphalam).

5) United with; सदृशभर्तृगामिनी (sadṛśabhartṛgāminī) M.5.

6) Passing over to, devolving on; Ś.6; शेषेषु पितृगामि तत् (śeṣeṣu pitṛgāmi tat) Y.2.145.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gamin (गमिन्).—m. (-mī) A passenger. E. gam to go, ini Unadi affix, otherwise with ṇini. affix, gāmin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāmin (गामिन्).—[-gāmin], i. e. gam + in, adj., f. . 1. Going, moving, [Hitopadeśa] [prologue.] 40; haṃsa-vāraṇa-, Walking like a phenicopteros, or like a young elephant, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 10. 2. Approaching carnally, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 234. 3. Attaining, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 21, 19. 4. Devolving on, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 145. 5. Turning, directed to, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 8, 8. 6. Referring to, Mahābhārata 2, 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gamin (गमिन्).—[adjective] intending to go to ([accusative] or —°).

--- OR ---

Gāmin (गामिन्).—[adjective] going, moving, going to ([adverb], *[accusative] ± prati); mostly —° going or moving on, in, to, towards, or-like (after an [adverb]), approaching (sex.); reaching, belonging or relating to, meeting with, obtaining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gami (गमि):—[from gam] m. the √gam, [Patañjali [Introduction]] on [vArttika] 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gamin (गमिन्):—[from gam] mfn. intending to go (with [accusative] or ifc.), [Pāṇini 3-3, 3], [vArttika] on ii, 1, 24, [Kāśikā-vṛtti] on ii, 3, 70.

2) Gāmin (गामिन्):—[from gāmika] mfn. going anywhere (local [adverb] [Mahābhārata i] or [accusative] [Pāṇini 2-3, 70; Kāśikā-vṛtti] or prati, [Mahābhārata iv])

3) [v.s. ...] (in the following meanings only) ifc. ([Pāṇini 2-1, 24], [vArttika] 1) going or moving on or in or towards or in any peculiar manner, [Manu-smṛti iii, 10; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] having sexual intercourse with, [Yājñavalkya ii, 234] (cf. mātṛ-g)

5) [v.s. ...] reaching or extending to, [Rāmāyaṇa v; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] coming to one’s share, due, [Yājñavalkya ii; Mahābhārata xiii; Harivaṃśa; Śakuntalā] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] attaining, obtaining, [Mālavikāgnimitra v, 12/13]

8) [v.s. ...] directed towards, [Manu-smṛti xi, 56; Bhagavad-gītā viii, 8]

9) [v.s. ...] relating to, [Mahābhārata ii, 26; Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 180] (cf. agra-, anta-, anya-, āśu-, ṛtu-, kāma-.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gamin (गमिन्):—(mī) 5. m. A passenger.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gāmin (गामिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gāmi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gamin in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gamī (गमी):—(nf) death; mourning, the period of mourning.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Gāmi (गामि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gāmin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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