Gir: 13 definitions


Gir means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gir (गिर्) or Sadgir refers to “hymns” [?] (e.g., of the Yajurveda), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] O sage, he gave a crore of elephants and chariots inlaid with gold and made beautiful by gems. Thus Himavat attained perfect satisfaction after giving his daughter Pārvatī to Śiva, the great lord, in accordance with the rules. Then the lord of mountains with palms joined in reverence eulogised lord Śiva joyously with the hymns (sad-girsadgirā sukṛtāñjaliḥ) of the Yajurveda. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Tibetan Buddhism)

Gir (गिर्) refers to “words”, according to the 33rd chapter of the Saṃvarodayatantra: a Buddhist explanatory Tantra of the Cakrasaṃvara cycle.—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind meditation: “[...] Free from meditation and concentration and beyond [both] Yoga and reasoning, he leads people to absorption in ‘suchness’, when the mind becomes steady in awareness. Its form is like the sky, the dwelling place of the ether and like a pure crystal and gem, [it is] without beginning or end, unelaborated, beyond the senses, unchanging, without appearance, completely void, free of ills, the light of the world, the destruction of the bonds of existence, inexpressible by words (gir) and even beyond the sphere of the mind”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Jainism)

Gir (गिर्) refers to the “(realm of) words”, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 12.55) by Hemacandra: a Jain treatise dealing with Yoga and the highest reality (tattva).—Accordingly, “[This] Upaniṣad of Yoga, which is a cause of wonder in the mind of the assembly of the wise, was known from scripture, from the mouth of a good Guru and a little from experience in various places. Because of the profuse requesting of the Caulukya king, Kumārapāla, it was placed in the realm of words (gir) by his teacher, the honourable Hemacandra. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gir (गिर्).—a. [gṝ-kvip vā ṭāp] Ved. Addressing, invoking. -f. (nom. sing. gīḥ; instr. dual gīrbhyām &c.)

1) Speech, words, language; वचस्यवसिते तस्मिन् ससर्ज गिरमात्मभूः (vacasyavasite tasmin sasarja giramātmabhūḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.53;3.72; भवतीनां सूनृतयैव गिरा कृतमातिथ्यम् (bhavatīnāṃ sūnṛtayaiva girā kṛtamātithyam) Ś.1; प्रवृत्तिसाराः खलु मादृशां गिरः (pravṛttisārāḥ khalu mādṛśāṃ giraḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.25; Śiśupālavadha 2.15; Y.1.71.

2) Invocation, praise, song.

3) Name of Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech and learning.

4) Intellect; cf. गिर्धीः (girdhīḥ) Enm.

5) Knowledge from hearing (śravaṇajajñāna); प्रपूर्वगौ पूर्वजौ चित्रभानू गिरा वाऽऽशंसामि तपसा ह्यनन्तौ (prapūrvagau pūrvajau citrabhānū girā vā''śaṃsāmi tapasā hyanantau) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1. 3.57 com.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gir (गिर्).—f.

(-goḥ) 1. Speech, speaking. 2. A name of Saraswati the goddess of speech. 3. Fame, celebrity. E. gṝ to sound, affix kvip, ṛ is changed to ir.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gir (गिर्).— (vb. 1. gṛ10), f. 1. Voice, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 71. 2. Speech, [Nala] 1, 26 (25). 3. A word, [Nala] 11, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gir (गिर्).—1. v. 1 gṛ.

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Gir (गिर्).—2. [adjective] [substantive] singing, singer; [feminine] song, word, voice, call, verse, praise. girā by the advice or in the name of ([genetive] or —°).

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Gir (गिर्).—3. v. 2 gṛ.

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Gir (गिर्).—4. (—°) devouring.

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Gir (गिर्).—5. [masculine] = giri.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gir (गिर्):—1. gir mfn. (√1. gṝ) addressing, invoking, praising, [Ṛg-veda]

2) f. (īr) invocation, addressing with praise, praise, verse, song, [Ṛg-veda] (the Maruts are called ‘sons of praise’, sūnavo giraḥ, [i, 37, 10]), [Atharva-veda]

3) speech, speaking, language, voice, words (e.g. mānuṣīṃ giraṃ √1. kṛ, to assume a human voice, [Nalopākhyāna i, 25]; girāṃ prabhaviṣṇuḥ [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] or pati [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā] = gir-īśa q.v.; tad-girā, on his advice, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxv]), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) = gīr-devī, fame, celebrity, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) a kind of mystical syllable, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad];

6) cf. [Hibernian or Irish] gair, ‘an outcry, shout’; [Greek] γῆρυς.

7) Gīr (गीर्):—[from gir] (in [compound] for 1. gir).

8) Gir (गिर्):—2. gir mfn. (√2. gṝ) ifc. ‘swallowing’ See garaand muhur-gir.

9) 3. gir m. = giri, a mountain, [Ṛg-veda v, 41, 14 and vii, 39, 5; Śiśupāla-vadha iv, 59.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gir (गिर्):—(gīḥ) 5. f. Speech, goddess of speech; fame, celebrity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gir (गिर्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Girā, .

[Sanskrit to German]

Gir in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gir (ಗಿರ್):—[adverb] = ಗಿಮಿಗಿಮಿ [gimigimi].

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Gir (ಗಿರ್):—[noun] a sound made by a bird’s wings or a propeller; a whizzing or buzzing sound; whir.

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Gīṟ (ಗೀಱ್):—

1) [noun] the humming sound of a bee.

2) [noun] a sound imitating it.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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