Gamana: 25 definitions


Gamana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Gamana (गमन) refers to one of the five kinds of Karma (action) in the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika philosophy. According to Kaṇāda, karma (action) is of five kinds. According to Praśastapāda (Praśastapādabhāṣya), that action which is the cause of the conjunction and disjunction with the indefinite region is called gamana. According to Varadarāja (Tārkikarakṣā), The non-intimate cause of the conjunction with non-specific space (aniyatadeśa) is known as gamana. According to Annaṃbhaṭṭa (Tarkasaṃgraha), All other motion [viz., not utkṣepaṇa, avakṣepaṇa, ākuñcana and prasāraṇa] is gamana.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Gamana (गमन):—Motion, gait, process, or instance of changing place

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Gamana (गमन)  [?] refers to “going (through the sky)” (in dreams) , according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.8-13, while describing auspicious dreams]—“[The dreamer] crosses over the ocean and river [, ākāśa-gamana]. Likewise sunrise and indeed blazing fire [are auspicious. Also auspicious is when the dreamer] sees planets, constellations, stars and the disk of the moon. [When the dreamer] ascends the palace or a turret of the palace, climbs a mountain top, tree, elephant, young animal, bull, horse, or man. [In auspicious dreams one] sees a chariot and also sees the siddhamantra, obtains the perfected oblation and sees the gods, etc. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gamana (गमन) refers to “traveling towards (someone’s abode)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.42 (“Description of the meeting of the Lord and the Mountain”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Dressed richly and exquisitely the gods, the Gaṇas, the sages and others started towards (gamana) the abode of lord Himavat. In the meantime, Menā desired to see Śiva. O sage, through her lord, you, the excellent sage, were requisitioned there. O sage, urged by the lord who desired to fulfil the task of Śiva you went there. O sage, after bowing to you, Menā with her heart full of surprise told you that she wanted to see the real form of lord Śiva that dispels haughtiness. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gamana (गमन) refers to “emigrating” (i.e., “to quit one’s native city”) , according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If on the other hand he should appear otherwise than as described above, the same persons and objects will suffer miseries and people will also suffer from wars and from diseases and kings will be afflicted with sorrow. Though free from enemies, princes will suffer from the intrigues of their sons or ministers. Their subjects, suffering from drought, will quit (gamana) their native cities and resort to new towns and mountains”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Gamana (गमन) refers to “going towards (the seat of awakening)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva appear to many beings performing the deeds of a Buddha (buddhakārya) even when the Buddhas do not appear? Son of good family, [...] (4) he has perfected the purification of five kinds of sight by obtaining the light of the sight of the Buddha; (5) he has perfected the purification of all supernormal knowledges by the attainment of going to the seat of awakening (bodhimaṇḍa-gamana); (6) he has perfected fulfilling all good qualities by completely cutting off the habitual patterns of vices; [...]”.

Synonyms: Gata, Yāta.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Gamana (गमन) refers to “going to (a different state)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to Brahmā Prabhāvyūha: “[...] (2) Further, ‘the root of good’ is pure intention since it is without deception or guile (māyāśāṭhya),1593 ‘merit’ is the practice (prayoga) for all merits, etc., and ‘knowledge’ is the highest intention of going to a different state (viśeṣa-gamana). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Gamana (गमन) refers to “going to (the power places)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Drinking the only essence, the liquor of union, purifies the mind, By going to the power places (gamanapīṭhādideśagamanena), and so on, the body is purified, In the middle of the holy seat, the highest mandala, Cakra Nātha, With the head bowed, in praise of the eternally highest Guru”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gamana : (nt.) going; walk; journey; pursuit. (adj.), leading to; conducive to.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gamana, 1. (nt.) the fact or the state of going, movement, journey, walk; (-°) striving for, the leading of, pursuit A.II, 48 sq. (gamanena na pattabbo lokass’anto=one cannot walk to the end of the world); Dh.178 (saggassa going to heaven); Sn.40, 691, cp. vāraṃ°; J.I, 62; 216 (in expl. of vihaṃgama: (ākāse) gamanato pakkhī vihaṃ gamā ti vuccanti); 295; PvA.57.—pahiṇa° going on messages D.I, 5, etc.; agati° wrong pursuit, °ṃ gacchati to pursue a wrong walk of life A.II, 18; PvA.161; magga° tramping, being on the road PvA.43; saraṇa° finding shelter (in the Dhamma) PvA.49.-2. (adj.) (-°) going or leading to, conducive to: nibbāna° maggo the Path leading to Nibbāna S.I, 186; Dh.289; duggati° magga the road to misery Th.2, 355; duggamana-ṭṭhānā (pl.) inaccessible places PvA.102 (in expl. of duggā).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gamana (गमन).—n (S) Going or moving.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gamana (गमन).—n Going or moving.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gamana (गमन).—[gam-lyuṭ]

1) Going, motion, gait; श्रोणीभारादलसगमना (śroṇībhārādalasagamanā) Meghadūta 84; so गजेन्द्रगमने (gajendragamane) Ś. Til.7.

2) Going, motion; considered as one of the five karmans by the Vaiśeṣikas.

3) Approaching, going to.

4) March of an assailant.

5) Undergoing, suffering.

6) Obtaining, attaining.

7) Cohabitation.

8) Knowledge, understanding; नाञ्जः स्वरूपगमने प्रभवन्ति भूम्नः (nāñjaḥ svarūpagamane prabhavanti bhūmnaḥ) Bhāgavata 8.7.34.

Derivable forms: gamanam (गमनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gamana (गमन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Going in general, 2. March in general, or the march of an assailant. 3. Cohabitation. 4. Obtaining, attaining. E. gam to go ormove, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gamana (गमन).—[gam + ana], n. 1. Gait, [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 7. 2. Going, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 40. 3. Going to, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 3, 16. 4. Coming, [Hiḍimbavadha] 4, 27 (? read āgamanam). 5. Carnal approach, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 13, 6. 6. Undergoing, e. g. pañcatva-, Death, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 15, 78. 7. Way, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 68, 50.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gamana (गमन).—[neuter] going, coming, moving; going to, entering, approaching (prati, [accusative], [genetive], or —°); intercourse, cohabitation (—°); setting cut, departure, march.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Gamana (गमन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Yantrarājaṭīkā jy. Rādh. 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gamana (गमन):—[from gam] n. going, moving, manner of going, [Raghuvaṃśa; Meghadūta] etc. (ifc. f(ā). )

2) [v.s. ...] going to or approaching (with [accusative] or [genitive case] [Rāmāyaṇa i, 3, 22] or prati or a local adverb or ifc.), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] going away, departure, decampment, setting out (for war or for an attack)

4) [v.s. ...] ifc. sexual intercourse (with a woman), [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra ii; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] (with a man), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

6) [v.s. ...] ifc. undergoing, attaining, iv, 22 [Manu-smṛti i, 117; Rāmāyaṇa v, 15, 48]

7) [v.s. ...] footmarks (?), [iii, 68, 50.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gamana (गमन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Going in general; march; acquisition.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gamana (गमन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gamaṇa, Gamaṇayā, Gamaṇā, Gāmaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gamana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gamana (गमन) [Also spelled gaman]:—(nm) the act of going; locomotion; sexual intercourse.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gamaṇa (गमण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gamana.

2) Gamaṇā (गमणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gamana.

2) Gamaṇā has the following synonyms: Gamaṇayā.

3) Gāmaṇa (गामण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gamana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gamana (ಗಮನ):—[noun] a sweet, pleasing smell; a fragrance; a pleasant odour.

--- OR ---

Gamana (ಗಮನ):—

1) [noun] the act of going, moving, walking.

2) [noun] manner of moving, walking; gait.

3) [noun] (in comp.) sexual intercourse; copulation.

4) [noun] attention a) the act of keeping one’s mind closely on something or the ability to do this; mental concentration; b) mental readiness for such concentration; c) notice; observation; d) care or consideration.

5) [noun] ಗಮನ ಸೆಳೆ [gamana sele] gamana seḷe to deliberately draw another’s attention (to a particular subject); ಗಮನ ಸೆಳೆಯುವ ಸೂಚನೆ [gamana seleyuva sucane] gamana seḷeyuva sūcane a motion, in a legislative house, to draw the attention of the chairperson and the house to an urgent matter that is not in the normal agenda for discussion; a draw-attention motion.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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